CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 18 of 18

_id ee50
authors Campioli, Andrea and Talamo, Cinzia
year 1994
title IPERTEC: Hypertext Information System for Dry-assembled Building Elements
source The Virtual Studio [Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design / ISBN 0-9523687-0-6] Glasgow (Scotland) 7-10 September 1994, p. 239
summary The experience presented concerns the study of advanced information tools for design disciplines teaching. The objectives pursued are: on one hand self-teaching according to methods that go beyond traditional technical manuals and specialized texts and that give a systemic view of the strict connections between technological culture and design poetics; on the other hand assistance during design exercises as far as references assumption and deep analysis of technical and architectural topics are concerned. The result of the research is the information system Ipertec, a hypertext handbook with didactic purposes allowing students to approach executive techniques of dry assembly.
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/09/14 08:24

_id sigradi2003_058
id sigradi2003_058
authors Christakou, Evangelos Dimitrios
year 2003
title Simulação computacional da iluminação natural aplicada ao projeto do edifício (Computer simulation of natural ilumination applied to the building design)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary The object of that study is the state of the art in computer simulation, when applied to the natural illumination in buildings, in Brasília (15°52 ' south), tropical climate of altitude, hot and dry, with great available iluminance during the year. The used methodology bases on the quantitative evaluation of the readiness of natural light in the rooms of the Hospital Sarah Kubistchek, using the software Lightscape and soon after comparing the results to the Brazilian norms. The objective seeks to make possible your use by architects in the day by day of projecting the space of the building.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id ecaadesigradi2019_116
id ecaadesigradi2019_116
authors Fernando, Shayani
year 2019
title Collaborative Crafting of Interlocking Structures in Stereotomic Practice
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 2, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 183-190
summary Situated within the art of cutting solids (stereotomy) and the evolution of machine tools; this research will investigate subtractive fabrication in relation to robotic carving of stone structures. The advancement of the industrial revolutions in the mid to late 19th century saw the rise of new building techniques and materials which were primarily based on structural steel construction. The modern aesthetic of the time further diminished the place of traditional stonework and ornamentation in modern structures within the building arts. This paper will focus on the design and fabrication of three sculptural dry-stone modular prototypes investigating interlocking self-supporting structures in stone. Examining the value of robotic technologies in the design and construction process in relation to collaborative crafting of the hand and machine. Accommodating for material tolerances which are a major factor in this research. Interrogating the value of robotic crafting with material implications and exploring the role of the artisan in machine crafted architectural components.
keywords Collaborative; Crafting; Interlocking; Structures; Robotic Fabrication; Digital Stone
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:26

_id sigradi2006_e081d
id sigradi2006_e081d
authors Hecker, Douglas
year 2006
title Dry-In House: A Mass Customized Affordable House for New Orleans
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 359-362
summary Dry-in house is a mass customized affordable housing system proposed for the reconstruction of New Orleans. The dry-in House gets the owner back to their home site quickly while providing the infrastructure an occupant needs (shelter, water, electricity). The owner is supplied with an inhabitable shell that is customizable before it is fabricated as well as onsite as the project is “fitted out” over time. The key concept is to allow families to participate in the design of their customized homes and to get people back to their home sites as quickly as possible and to give them the opportunity to finish and further customize their home over time. The project addresses inefficiencies and redundancies in emergency housing currently provided by FEMA. Primarily the dry-in House as its name implies provides a timely dried-in space which doubles as a customized infrastructure for the reconstruction of homes and neighborhoods. The project is designed to meet the $59,000 life cycle cost of the presently provided temporary housing, the notorious “FEMA Trailer”. However, the Dry-in House provides a solution that: a) Is permanent rather than temporary. The house will be finished and further customized over time rather than disposed of. b) Reoccupies the owner’s home site rather than a “FEMA ghetto” keeping the community together and functioning. c) Is mass customized rather than mass-standardized allowing the owner to have input on the design of their home. The design is a “starter home” rather than an inflexible and over-determined solution. This also has the benefit of giving variation to the reconstruction of New Orleans as opposed to the monotony of mass-production. d) Allows the owners to further customize their home over time with additional exterior finishes and the subdivision and fit out of the interior. By utilizing plate truss technology and associated parametric modeling software, highly customized trusses can be engineered and fabricated at no additional cost as compared to off-the-shelf trusses. This mass customization technology is employed to create the building section of each individual’s house. The truss is not used in its typical manner, spanning over the house; rather, it is extruded in section to form the house itself (roof, wall, and floor). Dry-in House exploits this building technology to quickly rebuild communities in a sensible manner. It allows for an increased speed of design and construction and most importantly it involves the owner in this process. The process has other benefits like reducing waste not only because it replaces the FEMA trailer which is expensive and disposable but also since the components are prefabricated there is more precision and also quality. The Dry-in House allows the owner-designer to “draw” the section of their new home providing them with a unique design and a sense of belonging and security. The design of the section of the house also provides them with spatial configurations customized relative to site conditions, program etc... Because of the narrow lot configuration of New Orleans, the design maximizes the roof as a source for natural ventilation and light for the interior of the house. In addition, the house is one room deep providing cross ventilation in all rooms minimizing reliance on artificial mechanical systems. The timely and efficient off site fabrication of building sections facilitate larger concentrations of volunteers on site at one time, thereby promoting a greater collective spirit among the community and volunteer workforce, a therapeutic event for the community as they participate in the rebuilding of their homes and city. With individualized building sections arriving on site, the construction process is imagined to be more akin to a barn raising, making possible the drying in of multiple houses in less than one day.
keywords mass customization; digital manufacturing; affordable housing
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id acadia18_126
id acadia18_126
authors Johns, Ryan Luke; Anderson, Jeffrey
year 2018
title Interfaces for Adaptive Assembly
source ACADIA // 2018: Recalibration. On imprecisionand infidelity. [Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-17729-7] Mexico City, Mexico 18-20 October, 2018, pp. 126-135
summary While robotic tools have greatly expanded the scope of computational control and design freedom in architectural assembly, the vast majority of projects involving robotic customization depend on standardized, mass produced components. By relinquishing some design agency to automated systems which respond to on-site material variations, it is possible to produce methods of construction which rely on locally-sourced components with low embodied energy. Such adaptive automation can provide resource efficiency and the aesthetic advantages of natural or reclaimed materials, but can also beget technical challenges of increasing complexity. By expanding design goals to incorporate intuitive collaborative interfaces, technical gaps can be understood even by non-experts, and leveraged towards new forms of creative expression.

This paper presents the results of an interactive installation in which visitors can provide any variety of objects to a collaborative robotic manipulator (UR5) which recognizes part geometry and attempts to construct a dry-stacked wall from the material offerings. A visual and auditory interface provides suggestions and error messages to participants to facilitate an understanding of the acceptable material morphologies which can be used within the constraints of the system.

keywords full paper, materials & adaptive systems, non-production robotics, digital materials, representation + perception
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2019/01/07 11:21

_id cf40
authors Leyh, W.
year 1995
title Automatic assembly of a commercial cavity block system
source Automation in Construction 4 (2) (1995) pp. 147-167
summary In an earlier publication (Leyh, 1993) the "Experiences with the Construction of a Building Assembly Robot" have been dealt with. The application of that robot system for the automatic assembly of commercial cavity blocks is the subject of a subsequent report which consists of two parts: in the first, this paper, we primarily deal with the assembly methods, in the second we deal with their realization. What is characteristic of cavity blocks is the fact that they are at first assembled dry, without cementing material, and the masonry is later filled with mortar. As to their weight and dimension, the cavity blocks used by the company GISOTON are adjusted to the ergonomics of a mason. The entirely different characteristics and abilities of assembly robots are not taken into consideration. However, their dimensional tolerance is relatively small (0.5 mm). Furthermore as cavity bricks, they have conic and oval recesses. Both features are strongly favourable for automation. This paper will highlight specific problems during automized construction assembly with commercial standard assembly elements, and help to solve them.
keywords Robotics; Assembly methods; Jointing technique; Reference system; Gripper construction
series journal paper
last changed 2003/06/02 07:36

_id acadia12_177
id acadia12_177
authors Mankouche, Steven ; Bard, Joshua ; Schulte, Matthew
year 2012
title Morphfaux: Probing the Proto-Synthetic Nature of Plaster Through Robotic Tooling
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 177-186
summary Morphfaux is an applied research project that revisits the virtually lost craft of plaster to explore its potential for producing thickened architectural environments through the use of contemporary digital technology. The research challenges the flatness of modern, standardized dry wall construction and explores plaster’s malleability as a material that can be applied thick and thin, finished to appear smooth or textured, and tooled while liquid or cured. If the invention of industrialized modern building products such as drywall led to the demise of the plasterer as a tradesperson, our research seeks alliances between the abilities of the human hand and those of automation. By transforming historic methods using new robotic tools, Morphfaux has broadened the possibilities of architectural plaster. While our research has produced forms not possible by human skill alone, it also clearly illustrates a symbiotic relationship between the human body and robotic machines where human dexterity and robotic precision are choreographed in the production of innovative plastering techniques.
keywords Digital Practice , Robotic Fabrication , Digital Craft , Tacit Knowledge , Material Resistance , Synthetic Material , Plaster , Variable Tools
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2014_009
id ecaade2014_009
authors Marie Davidova, Martin Šichman and Martin Gsandtner
year 2014
title Material Performance of Solid Wood:Paresite, The Environmental Summer Pavilion
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 139-144
wos WOS:000361385100014
summary The Paresite - The Environmental Summer Pavilion designed for reSITE festival, is a möbius shaped structure, built from torsed pine wood planks in triangular grid with half cm thin pine wood triangular sheets that provide shadow and evaporate moisture in dry weather. The sheets, cut in a tangential section, interact with humidity by warping themselves, allowing air circulation for the evaporation in arid conditions. The design was accomplished in Grasshopper for Rhino in combination with Rhino and afterwards digitally fabricated. This interdisciplinary project involved students from the Architectural Institute in Prague (ARCHIP) and the students of the Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences at the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (FLD CZU). The goal was to design and build a pavilion from a solid pine wood in order to analyse its material properties and reactions to the environment and to accommodate functions for reSITE festival. The design was prepared within half term studio course and completed in June 2013 on Karlovo Square in Prague where it hosted1600 visitors during festival weekend.
keywords Material performance; solid wood; wood - humidity interaction
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_011
id ecaade2014_011
authors Marie Davidova
year 2014
title Ray 2:The Material Performance of Solid Wood Based Screen
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 153-158
wos WOS:000361385100016
summary The wood - humidity interaction of solid wood has been tested through generations on Norwegian traditional panelling. This concept has been further explored by Michael Hensel and Steffen Reichert with Achim Menges on plywood and laminates in basic research. Plywood or laminates are better programmable but they are less sustainable due to the use of glue. This research focused on predicting the performance of solid wood in tangential section which is applied to humidity-temperature responsive screen for industrial production. With the method Systems Oriented Design, the research evaluated data from material science, forestry, meteorology, biology, chemistry and the production market. Themethod was introduced by Birger Sevaldson in 2007 with the argument that the changes in our globalized world and the need for sustainability demands an increase of the complexity of the design process. (Sevaldson 2013)Several samples has been tested for its environmental interaction. The data has been integrated in parametric models that tested the overall systems. Based on the simulations, the most suitable concept has been prototyped and measured for its performance. This lead to another sampling of the material whose data are the basis for another prototype. Ray 2 is an environmental responsive screen that is airing the structure in dry weather, while closing up when the humidity level is high, not allowing the moisture inside.
keywords Material performance; solid wood; wood - humidity interaction
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2011_378
id sigradi2011_378
authors Moretti Meirelles, Célia Regina; Dinis, Henrique; Collet e Silva, Tiago Azzi; Dias, Alan
year 2011
title A aplicação da modelagem em elementos finitos na concepção das estruturas em madeira e sua aplicação em projetos de habitação em madeira [The application of finite element modeling in the design of timber structures and their application in housing projects]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 520-523
summary The search for sustainable buildings is one of the most important phenomena of this century. Wood is a renewable material light, presents a grand synthesis of carbon recovery, its construction process is considered dry construction, it is composed of prefabricated parts for easy assembly.The research examines the application and digital models as tools in the design of timber structures and demonstrate the potential of digital modeling processes in particular the application of the tools in the structure, serving as support for the project in several phases, it allows the model analysis as a whole, showing stresses and strains.
keywords Housing; timber; finite element
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id ecaade2014_167
id ecaade2014_167
authors Pavlos Fereos and Marios Tsiliakos
year 2014
title Isoprototyping - Rapid Robotic Aided Fabrication for Double Curvature Surfaces
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 433-443
wos WOS:000361384700043
summary IsoPrototyping is a research initiative, undertaken at the Institute fur experimentelle architektur.hochbau, within the context of the Vertiefung Hochbau and Sonderkapitel des hochbaus courses, which specialize on building construction. Through the case study of an iso-surface spatial configuration, this research targets the exploration of innovative digital prototyping methodologies, that would allow rapid and cost-efficient fabrication, capable of manufacturing any given double curved surface. The ABB industrial robots of REX-Lab programmed in combination with custom designed, recalibrated dry-mold, surface-producing apparatus, formed the framework for a proficient, yet flexible, process describing and fabricating implicit non-linear systems.
keywords Industrial robots; pin-board; rapid-prototyping; dry-recalibrated mould; digital-fabrication
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 0e5d
authors Reed, Raymond D.
year 1988
title The Teaching of Computer Assisted Sustainable Architectural Design
source Computing in Design Education [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Ann Arbor (Michigan / USA) 28-30 October 1988, pp. 111-122
summary Sustainable architecture is high-tech, energy and resource conserving architecture that sustains and increases the human and natural carrying capacity of the host environment. This paper presents a computer assisted design process to teach sustainable architectural design.

The energy performance of a base case building in each of four climates and cultures is presented. The climates are: Phoenix (hotdry), Minneapolis (cold-dry), Boston (cold-humid), and New Orleans ( hot- humid). Keeping the host climate, site, building size and function constant: but varying materials, shape and design concepts, each base case is iterated through a series of computer assisted re-designs to transform each base case building into an architecture representative of its regional climate and culture.

Traditional technologies and concepts produce traditional regional architecture. New technologies and concepts produce forms expressive of an emerging high-tech, high-touch, low energy society.

The paper presents computer generated work by the author and his students. It also presents an interim evaluation of the successes and difficulties of conducting a 'paper free' design studio.

series ACADIA
last changed 1999/01/01 18:27

_id acadia14projects_143
id acadia14projects_143
authors Robinson, Alexander
year 2014
title Calibrating Agencies in a Territoy of Instrumentality
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 143-146
summary Exhibited is an interactive landscape player and public outreach tool for robotically sand modeled and vacuum formed designs for dust control mitigation landscapes for the Owens Lake in Lone Pine, California. This system engages users and stakeholders with the tools and products of a digitally augmented rapid landscape prototyping machine built to create agency for multiple values in the design of dust control infrastructure for the dry lake.
keywords Robotics and Autonomous Design Systems, Simulation + Intuition, Material Logics and Tectonics, Multidisciplinary Design Optimization, User participation in design, Virtual/augmented reality and interactive environments
series ACADIA
type Research Projects
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id caadria2008_31_session3b_251
id caadria2008_31_session3b_251
authors Tantachamroon, Ruht; Acharawan Chutarat
year 2008
title The Cost Effectiveness of Typical Materials in Relation to Indoor Comfort of Passive Cooling Strategies Appropriate for Small One Story House in Chiang Mai, Thailand
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 251-258
summary This study suggests that the appropriate building materials are those most common in a given locale considering simple appropriate natural passive cooling strategies for a typical small one story house to apply toward traditional living. Two different weather conditions, hot-dry and hot-humid, were selected representing seasonal climates. Computer simulations on thermal effect and ventilation were processed by CFD software, FLOVENT 6.1. Ordinary building materials have been chosen to compare relationship between outdoor-indoor temperature differences and their costs. It was found that natural cross ventilation is the best solution for a small one-story house with additional assistance of thermal mass effect. The most effective typical wall and roof materials are the conventional 10cm brick wall and 5mm corrugated fibrous cement roof which give the best performance for comfort at a unit investment cost. Simulated results also showed that the same house with typical horizontal ceiling presents better comfort than non-ceiling case.
keywords Cost effectiveness; Construction materials; Passive cooling; Chiang Mai house; Comfort
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cf2009_poster_33
id cf2009_poster_33
authors Vanzer, Paul Martin
year 2009
title Transformation of Housing in the ecology of desert climate: A Bioclimatic -Passive Solar Design vision of the Building integration with a dry environment
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009 CD-Rom
summary This investigation arises from the need to include the systems of environmental natural conditioning and the architectural project in the ecology of the desert dry-climate. In this research, it is proposed to investigate the main features and techniques used in Southern Peru as an answer to build in a desert environment with high levels of sunlight and very few rain days. Identifying the historic processes of the vernacular architecture, in which we recognize evolved coherent forms, making possible to define the strategies with which to recreate architecture responsive to the ecology of the desert dry- climate.
keywords Bioclimatic architecture, architecture in desert regions, solar architecture, sustainability, architecture and climate vernacular architecture
series CAAD Futures
type poster
last changed 2009/07/08 20:12

_id caadria2015_013
id caadria2015_013
authors Wu, Chengde and Mark J. Clayton
year 2015
title Visualizing Climate Data as a 3D Climate Torus
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 273-281
summary In this research, a system is developed to visualize climate data as a 3D geometry, a climate torus. The system extracts time, dry bulb temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed information. Four points are created on a psychrometric chart using maximum temperature, minimum temperature, maximum humidity, and minimum humidity of a day. A closed curve passing these four points is drawn as a profile curve. 365 profile curves are generated for each day of the year. These curves are rotated along the vertical axis of the psychrometric chart, each at the incremental angle of 365/360, so that these curves rotate full 360 degrees to represent one year period. The system then generates a climate torus by lofting all the curves. Wind speed information is coded on the climate torus as holes. The diameter of the holes denotes wind speed. The climate torus is 3D printed after giving a minimum thickness to the surface. This process was assigned to sophomore architecture students. They showed great interest and gained better understanding of climate responsive design through the task. The climate torus has the future potential of coding more climate elements into it, e.g. solar radiation as colour, precipitation as texture, etc.
keywords Climate data visualization; Climate torus; 3D printing
series CAADRIA
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id ecaadesigradi2019_508
id ecaadesigradi2019_508
authors Yenice, Yagmur and Park, Daekwon
year 2019
title V-INCA - Designing a smart geometric configuration for dry masonry wall
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 2, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 515-520
summary Soil is still used as a building material in many parts of the world, especially in rural areas. Approximately 30% of the world's population is still living in shelters made by soil (Berge 2009). One of the techniques is using soil in mudbrick form, which is sun dried instead of being fired in kilns. However, mud bricks have low compressive and tensile strength. Instead of enhancing the mix formula, we focus on designing the geometry of the brick itself to improve walls' overall compressive and tensile strength. The goal of the research is to explore an innovative way to build masonry walls through geometrical examination together with computer aided design. Unlike traditional horizontal laying of the rectangular brick elements, 3D designed blocks take advantage of gravity and foster an accelerated assembly without mortar. They create a balance point in the middle of the wall during the construction. The geometry of V-INCA blocks allows dry construction which will reduce the amount of time spent on the site. Load distribution and the friction between two surfaces are sufficient to have a dry construction. Thus, a wall built with V-INCA is stronger intrinsically due to its geometry.
keywords Dry masonry construction; smart geometrical design; on-site material; compressed earth blocks; Inca masonry
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:27

_id 2006_326
id 2006_326
authors Zisimopoulou, Katerina and Alexis Fragkiadakis
year 2006
title Constructing the String Wall - Mapping the Material Process
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 326-335
summary The String Wall is the emergent product of a study on technological applications in architecture. Our team attempted to test the limits of the common partition wall construction, challenging the standard notion of the partition screen wall that recedes behind the structures, spaces and objects as a background condition. Such vibrant a partition as the SW becomes the center to the formation of the space it defines. The story of the SW could be described as the organic combination of the bow and the twist. The latent materiality and geometry of the bow and the twist as composite systems that are mined for their structural, tectonic and programmatic potential are tested prior to final construction by 3D printed scaled models. The SW is composed of successive frames that consist of vertical twisted strips of plywood attached to wooden beams. These frames emulate the stud elements of the conventional dry wall partition systems and are manufactured entirely manually. On the other hand, the use of CNC milling machine is employed for the production of the bowed plywood strips that fill in the frame. Three fluctuated curvatures produce strips that are combined rhythmically to produce the striated effect of the SW. The material is manipulated in order to expose its hidden side, the sequence of the multiple layers of the different infilling conditions. The oblique perspective of the SW is achieved through a novel geometric transparency, thus offering constantly changing views to a moving observer. The manipulation of the position of the component bowed and twisted strips explore the application of a see-through condition that escapes the norm and reveals the back to the front in a unique whole. The void of the screen wall becomes ultimately programmatic through the use of light. A sequence of halogen lights situated at the top and bottom of the in-between the wooden strips void create the dumbfounded effect of the SW experience.
keywords Digital construction methods; shape studies; rapid prototyping; 3D printer models
series eCAADe
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

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