CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 15 of 15

_id b110
id b110
authors Abadi Abbo, Isaac and Cavallin Calanche, Humerto
year 1994
title Ecological Validity of Real Scale Models
source Beyond Tools for Architecture [Proceedings of the 5th European Full-scale Modeling Association Conference / ISBN 90-6754-375-6] Wageningen (The Netherlands) 6-9 September 1994, pp. 31-40
summary Space simulation is a technique employed by architects, urban designers, environmental psychologists and other related specialists. It is used for academic and research purposes, as an aid to evaluate the impact that the built environment or that to be built would yield in potential or real users. Real Scale Model is organized as one of the models which represents more reliable spatial characteristics in space simulations. However, it is necessary to know the ecological validity of the simulations carried out, that is the degree in which laboratory results could be taken as reliable and representative of real situations. In order to discover which variables of the model used are relevant so that their perception results ecologically valid in respect to reality, a research has been designed in which simulations of specific spaces are appraised both in real space and in the real scale model. The results of both evaluations were statistically analyzed and it shows no significative differences in psychological impressions between the evaluation of real spaces and real scale model. These ecological validation of the real scale model could be of great use to estimate the validity of the results obtained in spaces simulated in the laboratory.
keywords Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2006/06/24 07:29

_id ecaade2012_214
id ecaade2012_214
authors Das, Subhajit ; Dutt, Florina
year 2012
title Design optimization in a hotel and offi ce tower through intuitive design procedures and advanced computational design methodologies. Façade design optimization by computational methods
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 235-243
summary The research topic of this paper exemplifies design optimization techniques of a hotel/office tower in Central China (Nanjing city), which faces subtropical humid climate throughout the year. The main intent of the project is to fi nd optimized design solution with the aid of parametric design tools and Visual Basic Scripting techniques (in Rhino Script & Grasshopper) combined with intuitive design process. In any urban context, we firmly believe that architectural design is a responsive phenomenon, which faces diverse interaction with the user & the local climate. The building design of the proposed tower acknowledges these responsive factors of the design with the environment along with building users or residents. Consequently, we strive to develop a sustainable design solution, which is ecologically efficient and psychologically conducive to the wellbeing of the user. We developed our intuitive design product with complex computational design toolsets to leverage design and energy efficiency. In this procedure, we draw major design concepts and geometrical typologies from natural systems in the form of bio mimicry or biologically inspired design process. Overall, this research paper outlines the significance and relevant benefi ts of the combination of intuitive design (from experience, expertise and architects skills) with parametric scripting tools.
wos WOS:000330322400023
keywords Sustainable Building Façade; Parametric Architecture; Intelligent building skin; Solar Architecture
series eCAADe
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaadesigradi2019_641
id ecaadesigradi2019_641
authors Dunn, Kate, Haeusler, M. Hank, Zavoleas, Yannis, Bishop, Mel, Dafforn, Katherine, Sedano, Francisco, Yu, Daniel and Schaefer, Nina
year 2019
title Recycled Sustainable 3D Printing Materials for Marine Environments
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 2, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 583-592
summary The paper discusses the design and testing of sustainable recycled materials for large scale 3D printed construction in a marine context. This research is part of a 3-phase project involving a multidisciplinary team of designers, architects, material specialists and marine ecologists. The Bio Shelters Project uses an innovative approach to designing and fabricating marine bio-shelters that ecologically enhance seawalls, by promoting native biodiversity and providing seawater filtration, carbon sequestration and fisheries productivity. The design of the 3D print structure is a data-driven approach that incorporates ecological data to optimise the form for growth and survivorship of marine species under the environmental conditions of the installation site as well as being an integral part of the design project and the site.
keywords 3D printing; material research; sustainability; marine biology
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:27

_id 43f0
id 43f0
authors Flynn, D., van Schaik, P., Blackman, T., Fencott, P.C., Hobbs, B., & Calderon, C.
year 2003
source Journal of CyberPsychology and Behavior, Vol6, Number6, 2003.
summary The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of virtual reality (VR) technology for use by persons with dementia (PWD). Data were obtained directly from six PWD regarding their experiences with a virtual environment (VE) of a large outdoor park. A user-centered method was developed to assess: (a) presence; (b) user inputs; (c) display quality; (d) simulation fidelity; and (e) overall system usability. The extent to which PWD could perform four functional activities in the VE was also investigated (e.g., mailing a letter). In addition, physical and psychological well-being of PWD while interacting with the VE was assessed objectively by recording heart rate during the VR sessions and subjectively with discrete questionnaire items and real-time prompts. Symptom profiles associated with simulator sickness were assessed with an adapted version of the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire. The study found that PWD to some extent experienced presence; perceived that objects were realistic and moved naturally; generally felt in control of the interaction; and demonstrated little difficulty using a joystick for navigation. The study also demonstrated that VR is an appropriate medium for assessing functional behavior within the context of an ecologically valid VE. PWD did not experience any significant increase in symptoms associated with simulator sickness, or detriments to their psychological and physical well-being. These findings demonstrated that it is feasible to work in VEs with PWD.
keywords Dementia, VR
series journal paper
type normal paper
last changed 2005/12/02 10:36

_id sigradi2004_021
id sigradi2004_021
authors Frank Petzold; Dirk Donath; Christian Bürgy
year 2004
title Computer-supported Building Surveying - The Basis for Planning in Existing Built Contexts
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary In view of declining populations and adequate housing provision in the western world, building in existing built contexts is becoming increasingly relevant. The conservation and use of existing buildings stock is not only ecologically sound but also an economic imperative. A prerequisite for computer-aided planning for existing buildings is both the use of on-site computer-aided surveying and the integration of all participants and disciplines in the planning process using integrated information and communication systems. The aim of this research project is twofold: to design a practice-relevant software concept for the support of the entire building surveying process embedded in the planning process, and to develop a practice-oriented mobile, digitally supported equipment and system environment for the digital architectural surveying of buildings. This paper will discuss the IT concept of a building surveying system, the software and hardware prototypes developed as well as usability aspects of wearable computers.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id f7e8
authors Frazer, J.H. and Stephenson, P.
year 1997
title The Groningen Experiment
source Architectural Association Publications, publ. pend.
summary In its first five years, the Architectural Association's Diploma unit II developed the theoretical framework of an alternative generative process, using computer models to compress evolutionary space and time. This led to a prototype that could be demonstrated interactively and the launch on the Internet of an experimental evolutionary environment which attracted global participation, established a dematerialised model. The new phase of the programme has begun to externalise this conceptual model into constructed form, focusing on urban-scale evolution and other historical and natural examples of co-operative and ecologically i integrated development. The approach has been to consider metabolic processes as a way of understanding both the formal development of urban symbiosis and the specific problem of materialization. The city planning department of Groningen commissioned a small working prototype demonstration of a predictive urban computer model. The unit produced an evolving model which explains the transition from the past to the present, and projects future trajectories a "what if" model for generating, exploring and evaluating alternatives. The model mediates in scale, space and time: ; in scale between the urban context and the fine grain of the housing typologies ; in space between the existing fabric of Groningen and specific dwelling units ; in time between the lifestyle within the medieval core and the desires of the citizens of tile next century
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 2004_523
id 2004_523
authors He, Jie and Tsou, Jin Yeu
year 2004
title Balancing Visual and Ecological Resource Reservation in Large-scale Recreation Area Planning Support on a GIS Platform - A case study of the Wenzhou Ecological Park
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 523-528
summary This paper proposes an experimental approach in visual landscape analysis on a GIS platform, which has the potential of integrating with ecological aspects and consequently making scientific decision making supports for urban and landscape planning practices. The research team scrutinizes the potential of the GIS platform in balancing multi-aspect planning strategies. The methodology of GIS-based visual landscape protection for recreation purpose is demonstrated through the case of the Wenzhou Ecological Park. The same platform can also be introduced the landscape ecology capacity analysis. This methodology can improve the comprehensiveness of the landscape resource management system, and enhance its validity and reliability in its application in the landscape ecologically considerable projects.
keywords GIS; Urban Planning; Visual Landscape; Landscape Ecology; Resource Management Decision Making Support
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id 25c4
authors Henderson, Hazel
year 1978
title Creating Alternative Futures
source New York: Putnam
summary Creating Alternative Futures has pioneered many debates on how to guide industrial societies on healthier paths toward more equitable, ecologically sustainable human development. Henderson explains how GNP distorts the goal of human development worldwide. She points out misleading assumptions and a redefinition of health, wealth, and progress for humanity's long-term survival. The book predicts the sweep of democratization and the new "third sector" of grassroots globalists.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id ecaaderis2018_000
id ecaaderis2018_000
authors Odysseas Kontovourkis
year 2018
title Sustainable Computational Workflows (Front Matter)
source Odysseas Kontovourkis (ed.), Sustainable Computational Workflows [6th eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 9789491207143], Department of Architecture, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus, 24-25 May 2018, pp. i-xii
keywords At a time when sustainability plays a key role in the way different disciplines approach development and production, the role of digital technology is crucial, as through smart and efficient techniques, it can lead to the creative design, analysis, evaluation and fabrication of solutions that are ecologically and economically viable and socially accessible. On the other hand, recent developments in the socio-economic context have caused changes and redevelopments in Europe, particularly in the Mediterranean region, which have a direct impact and affect the overall reflection on how new technologies, currently in open source and with a widely accessible status, contribute to a better and more sustainable future, without running isolated or far beyond today’s reality.
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/05/29 12:33

_id acadia08_278
id acadia08_278
authors Paz Gutierrez, Maria
year 2008
title Material Bio-Intelligibility
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 278-285
summary Through the formation of bio-chemical information networks natural materials possess efficient processes of self-organization, adaptability, regeneration and decomposition. This performative excellence has lead science to draw behavioral models from nature implementing biomimmicry (Benyus 1998) in the pursuit of material systems optimization. Design disciplines influenced by this course are integrating living organisms as models of efficiency through bionic systems ever more into their discourse. Architecture, influenced by this tendency, is becoming progressively more aware of the vast benefits that biomimetics can yield particularly in the development of ecologically sensitive systems. Yet, the emerging incorporation of bionics into architecture is differing largely to that within the sciences by centering almost exclusively in form (geometrical pattern) generation. This paper analyzes a rising material design research methodology implementing biomimetics: matter-form parametrics based on bio-physical properties’ data. Specific study of the incorporation of broad-scalar scientific imaging into the formulation of explorative parametric grammar for the development of material systems is analyzed through a bio-synthetic polymer based wall system (SugarWall, Gensler+Gutierrez 2006b). The incorporation of broad scalar imaging and material interdependencies is propelling the emergence of new programming tactics that will affect bio-material systems architectural research.
keywords Behavior; Biomimetics; Material; System; Visualization
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id 219f
authors Ponomarieva, E., Litwinova, A. and Kozakova, R.
year 1996
title CAD Creativeness of Ecologically Expedient Environment
source CAD Creativeness [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 83-905377-0-2] Bialystock (Poland), 25-27 April 1996 pp. 197-200
summary Urbanisation carries in substantial variations in human life, such as the bad air, dirty water, heightened radiation which are the main reason of the hygienic discomfort. But this is not only ecological problem, there is one more - the visual discomfort. Human being is forced to live in the environment of huge flat areas with straight lines, right angles, and uniform painting. The visual comfort is related to natural world of trees, mountains, includes acute angles, crooked lines, colour diversity. That is an environment with a great variety of natural visual elements. Ecological expediency is obtained when colour environment possess the informational sufficiency and provides emotional and visual comfort.
series plCAD
last changed 1999/04/09 13:30

_id e1a1
authors Rodriguez, G.
year 1996
source Full-Scale Modeling in the Age of Virtual Reality [6th EFA-Conference Proceedings]
summary Advances in electronic design and communication are already reshaping the way architecture is done. The development of more sophisticated and user-friendly Computer Aided Design (CAD) software and of cheaper and more powerful hardware is making computers more and more accessible to architects, planners and designers. These professionals are not only using them as a drafting tool but also as a instrument for visualization. Designers are "building" digital models of their designs and producing photo-like renderings of spaces that do not exist in the dimensional world.

The problem resides in how realistic these Computer Generated Models (CGM) are. Moss & Banks (1958) considered realism “the capacity to reproduce as exactly as possible the object of study without actually using it”. He considers that realism depends on: 1)The number of elements that are reproduced; 2) The quality of those elements; 3) The similarity of replication and 4) Replication of the situation. CGM respond well to these considerations, they can be very realistic. But, are they capable of reproducing the same impressions on people as a real space?

Research has debated about the problems of the mode of representation and its influence on the judgement which is made. Wools (1970), Lau (1970) and Canter, Benyon & West (1973) have demonstrated that the perception of a space is influenced by the mode of presentation. CGM are two-dimensional representations of three-dimensional space. Canter (1973) considers the three-dimensionality of the stimuli as crucial for its perception. So, can a CGM afford as much as a three-dimensional model?

The “Laboratorio de Experimentacion Espacial” (LEE) has been concerned with the problem of reality of the models used by architects. We have studied the degree in which models can be used as reliable and representative of real situations analyzing the Ecological Validity of several of them, specially the Real-Scale Model (Abadi & Cavallin, 1994). This kind of model has been found to be ecologically valid to represent real space. This research has two objectives: 1) to study the Ecological Validity of a Computer Generated Model; and 2) compare it with the Ecological Validity of a Real Scale Model in representing a real space.

keywords Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2004/05/04 12:42

_id acadia17_610
id acadia17_610
authors Thariyan, Elizabeth; Beorkrem, Christopher; Ellinger, Jefferson
year 2017
title Buildable Performance Envelopes: Optimizing Sustainable Design in a Pre-Design Phase
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 610- 619
summary The growing consciousness regarding ecologically conscious architecture mandates a deeper understanding of the strategies that may be adopted by designers towards achieving this goal. With the advent of building information modelling (BIM) and the associated paradigm shift in the design process, it has become increasingly possible to make informed decisions earlier on in the design process. Despite this advancement, the architectural realm continues to lack computational resources that are capable of providing formal guidelines, through a generative process, that serve as a starting point for sustainable design. Towards overcoming this limitation, this paper will describe a computational tool that generates buildable performance envelopes in response to aspects of a site that are influential in designing sustainably: climate and context. These envelopes are created in a generative manner through the utilization of a voxel (three-dimensional pixel) matrix, which continually updates itself based on formal elements created by the user. Facilitating the process of making ecologically conscious design decisions at the earliest stages of design, which is the primary goal of this tool, more substantially increases the achieved energy optimization. Illustrative building designs presented in the paper resulting from the testing of this tool in contrasting climate zones, such as Miami, Florida (ASHRAE Zone 01) and Aspen, Colorado (ASHRAE Zone 07), confirms the assertion that the performance envelopes generated with this tool serve only as a guideline for optimized sustainable design, and not as the final form of the building itself.
keywords design methods; information processing; BIM; simulation & optimization; form finding
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:13

_id sigradi2015_11.8
id sigradi2015_11.8
authors Wallace, Mint Penpisuth; Schnabel, Marc Aurel
year 2015
title Biomorphic Transportation Frameworks for Cities of the Future. Exploring new design framework for transportations
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 2 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-133-6] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 626-630.
summary Development in the study of city expansion, through biomorphic generation, could potentially assist in the design of a transportation system that will accommodate expansion whilst contributing to an ecologically balanced growth. This paper focuses on a section of a design framework which looks at how generative systems can be implemented in an architectural design of a transportation network that will respond to the site’s projected future growth. This paper suggests that by integrating biomorphic generative systems into the design process we can generate designs that respond to the surrounding context and urban growth.
keywords Biomorphic Algorithm, Generative Design, Processing, Urban Growth
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 09:02

_id caadria2019_070
id caadria2019_070
authors White, Michael, Haeusler, M. Hank and Zavoleas, Yannis
year 2019
title Planting Design by Simulated Competition - A computational-ecological model for the selection and distribution of plant species on urban roof terraces
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 31-40
summary This paper investigates ecologically-inspired computational strategies for the intelligent performance based landscape design of urban rooftop gardens. Plant communities in nature form resilient layouts that maximise use of available resources through a process of competitive pressure. Simulating these processes could allow us to design vegetation systems for the built environment that are adapted to variables on site, while meeting our design goals. This paper uses an agent-based model to ask if simulated ecological competition can be used as a computational method for producing effective planting layouts for urban roof terraces. A case study will be conducted to review the performance of the simulation. Through further research we will examine whether these strategies can also optimise for benefits including increased biodiversity, favourable microclimate, and reduced energy and water use.
keywords Computational Landscape Architecture / Ecology; Urban Heat Island; Rooftop Terrace Gardens; Emergence; Climate Change
series CAADRIA
last changed 2019/04/16 08:21

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