CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id c207
authors Branzell, Arne
year 1993
title The Studio CTH-A and the Searching Picture
source Endoscopy as a Tool in Architecture [Proceedings of the 1st European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 951-722-069-3] Tampere (Finland), 25-28 August 1993, pp. 129-140
summary What happens during an architect’s search for the best solution? How does he (or she) begin, which tools are chosen, what happens when he comes to a standstill? The activities – sketching, discussions with other people, making models, taking walks to think, visits to the library, etc? What is an ordinary procedure and what is more specific? Do the tools have an impact on the final solution chosen? What happens during periods of no activity? Are they important? In which fields of activities are signs of the searching process to be found? In other words — what is the process of creative thinking for architects? Mikael Hedin and myself at Design Methods, Chalmers University of Technology, have started research into architects’ problem-solving. We have finished a pilot study on a very experienced architect working traditionally, without Cad (”The Bo Cederlöf Case”). We have started preliminary discussions with our second ”Case”, an architect in another situation, who has been working for many years with Cad equipment (Gert Wingårdh). For our next case, we will study a third situation – two or more architects who share the responsibility for the solution and where the searching is a consequence of a dialogue between equal partners. At present, we are preparing a report on theories in and methods for Searching and Creativity. I will give you some results of our work up till now, in the form of ten hypotheses on the searching process. Finally, I would like to present those fields of activity where we have so far found signs of searching. Our approach, in comparison with earlier investigations into searching (the most respected being Arnheim’s study on Picasso’s completion of the Guernica) is to collect and observe signs of searching during the process, not afterwards. We are, to use a metaphor, following in the footsteps of the hunter, recording the path he chooses, what marks he makes, what tools, implements and equipment he uses. For practising architects: a better understanding of what is going on and encouragement to try new ways of searching, for architectural students: better preparation and training for problem solving. It all began while we compared the different objects in our collection of sketches at the Chalmers STUDIO for Visualisation and Communication. (For some years, we have been gathering sketches by Alvar Aalto, Jorn Utzon, Ralph Erskine, Erik and Tore Ahlsén, Lewerenz, Nyrén, Lindroos, Wingårdh and others in a permanent exhibition). We observed similarities in these sketches which allowed us to frame ten hypotheses about the searching process.

keywords Architectural Endoscopy
series EAEA
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id ecaade03_195_52_delic
id ecaade03_195_52_delic
authors Delic, Alenka and Kincl, Branko
year 2003
title Architecture of the virtual in housing
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 195-198
summary Information and communication technologies (ICT) have brought about a revolution in architecture and urban planning; they are transforming learning and practice and presenting new challenges in our understanding of space, place and society. An entirely new world of architectural expression and experiment is opening up to us. At Faculty of Architecture in Zagreb a new optional course, Virtuality in Housing Architecture, has been proposed and is being taught for the first time. Subjects cover a wide area of use of ICT in housing architecture: research into the role of the computer in architecture as a creative discipline; encouragement of new challenges to the concept of the role of digital media in housing architecture through research of digital concepts such as computerization, information, electronic media, virtuality and cyberspace; themes related to development of intelligent environment and spaces, interactive buildings, virtual reality and cyberspace as directions of development. In our work we try to implement the method of e-learning, teamwork, communication and design through the Internet. Through experimental projects and research of new housing concepts, students create a basis for discussions on theoretical and practical solutions for the housing of the future, create new ways of presentation and open new fields of research. We shall here present the experience from our work.
keywords ICT, housing, virtuality, teamwork, e-learning
series eCAADe
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id caadria2017_127
id caadria2017_127
authors Herr, Christiane M. and Fischer, Thomas
year 2017
title Challenges to the Adoption of BIM in the Chinese AEC Industries - An Extended BIM Adoption Model
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 179-187
summary Despite strong encouragement by government guidelines and promoting efforts by the software industry, BIM is adopted at relatively slow speeds in construction industries across the world. The study presented in this paper examines the challenges to BIM adoption faced in particular in the Chinese construction industry across architecture, engineering and construction. We review recent literature addressing BIM adoption, develop a critique of common approaches to BIM adoption, and then propose our own, extended model to describe and assess BIM adoption processes. To demonstrate the model's suitability to evaluate temporal and collaborative dimensions during BIM adoption processes, we present results from a detailed survey we conducted among Chinese AEC professionals based on the extended model of BIM adoption and discuss how current Chinese BIM adoption in practice diverges from overseas BIM adoption strategies.
keywords BIM; Chinese construction practice; BIM workflow; cross-disciplinary collaboration; AEC
series CAADRIA
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id 83b5
authors Heylighen, Ann and Neuckermans, Herman
year 2000
title Time, equipment and encouragement - Travel requisites for the World-Wide Wanderstudent
source G. Van der Perre and P. Vandevelde (eds.), The Wanderstudent 2000: The Wanderstudent of 1425 revived in virtual reality in 2000? Towards a European Virtual University, Proceedings of the International Colloquium organised by EuroPACE at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, on October 20-21, 2000 Leuven University Press, Leuven (Belgium), 2000 (ISBN 90 5867 156 9), pp. 133-136
summary In Winter/Spring 1999, DYNAMO - a Web-based design assistant for student architects - received its baptism of fire in a 4th year design studio at our department. The paper describes the setting and procedure of the baptism, the participation of the studio teaching staff, and the students' reactions and appreciation. Based on students' responses to a questionnaire and observations of the tool in use, we investigated whether DYNAMO succeeded in engaging students and what factors stimulated/hampered this engagement. Although students were noticeably enthusiastic about the tool, three factors revealed themselves as major obstacles to student engagement: lack of time, of encouragement by the teachers and of studio equipment. The paper concludes with lessons learned for the future of DYNAMO and, more in general, of ICT in education.
series journal paper
last changed 2002/11/14 07:38

_id 8599
authors Heylighen, Ann and Neuckermans, Herman
year 2001
title Baptism of fire of a Web-based design assistant
source Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures [ISBN 0-7923-7023-6] Eindhoven, 8-11 July 2001, pp. 111-124
summary DYNAMO – a Dynamic Architectural Memory On-line – is a Web-based design assistant to support architectural design education. The tool is conceived as an (inter-)active workhouse rather than a passive warehouse: it is interactively developed by and actively develops its users' design knowledge. Its most important feature is not merely that it presents students with design cases, but that those cases trigger in-depth explorations, stimulate reflection and prime discussions between students, design teachers and professional architects. Whereas previous papers have focused on the theoretical ideas behind DYNAMO and on how Web-technology enabled us to translate these ideas into a working prototype, this paper reports on the prototype's baptism of fire in a 4th year design studio. It describes the setting and procedure of the baptism, the participation of the studio teaching staff, and the reactions and appreciation of the students. Based on students' responses to a questionnaire and observations of the tool in use, we investigated whether DYNAMO succeeded in engaging students and what factors stimulated/hampered this engagement. Despite the prototype nature of the system, students were noticeably enthusiastic about the tool. Moreover, DYNAMO turned out to be fairly 'democratic', in the sense that it did not seem to privilege students with private access to or prior knowledge of computer technology. However, the responses to the questionnaire raise questions about the nature of students' engagement. Three factors revealed themselves as major obstacles to student (inter-)action: lack of time, lack of encouragement by the teachers and lack of studio equipment. Although these obstacles may not relate directly to DYNAMO itself, they might have prevented the tool from functioning the way it was originally meant to. The paper concludes with lessons learned for the future of DYNAMO and, more in general, of ICT in architectural design education.
keywords Design Studios, Utilization Of Internet, Design Support, Case-Based Design
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2006/11/07 06:22

_id caadria2016_839
id caadria2016_839
authors Ikeda, Yasushi; Keisuke Toyoda and Tsukasa Takenaka
year 2016
title The Pedagogical Meanings of an Experimental Full-Size Mock-Up of Computational Design
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 839-848
summary Skill in the use of digital media tools is growing more im- portant in architectural education. However parametric objects in computational geometry or digital fabrication as an assist for project- based learning are not in themselves sufficient to extract the potential of computational design. When we consider the performance of a de- sign, or the fundamental purpose of parametric design toolsets in the contemporary context, education must act as a connecter to the ambi- tion of global sustainability. With regards to the advantage of compu- tational methodologies, students benefit by developing a holistic vi- sion of non-standardized assembly technology. This is particularly useful in overcoming problems of mass production, and with the crea- tion of interactive technology that is incrementally adaptable in the process of answering to unpredictable change. In this context, a com- prehensive understanding of digital tools as part of a holistic and eco- logical architectural design mindset is crucial for future designers. Exploring effective ways to guide students in the development of this capability is therefore important. This paper documents a recent effort in this direction through examples of education within a digital design studio. As a conclusion the paper discusses important factors in the encouragement of students as they develop a comprehensive under- standing of the use of digital design culture.
keywords Digital design studio; full-size mock-up; comprehensive capability; practical performance; project-based learning
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id 0e29
authors Mahdavi, A.
year 1998
title Computational decision support and the building delivery process: a necessary dialogue
source Automation in Construction 7 (2-3) (1998) pp. 205-211
summary The current critical discourse of computational design support systems (particularly building performance modeling tools) focuses more often than not on the `endogenous' system problems, that is deficiencies in user communication, absence of integration, and the `black-box' character of the underlying computational routines. As a result of this mostly valid criticism, work has been initiated in various quarters to improve modeling-based decision support environments. This paper argues that parallel efforts are needed to address other factors that go beyond the immediate technical realm of tool-making and involve matters pertaining to issues of building design and construction process at large. The building delivery process has traditionally been regarded as a discrete and sequential set of activities. This state of affairs is the result of a historical evolution driven by many factors, one of which might be the necessity to organize the activities for the purpose of establishing a professional fee structure that is commensurate with the scope of work and level of accountability or responsibility. However, within the context of rapidly changing building technologies, production processes, and knowledge transfer mechanisms, the existing procedural framework no longer seems capable of meeting the increasingly complex demands associated with the creation of the built environment. While the technical capabilities of decision support tools are expanding, they still fall short of challenging the very logic of the often nonintegrated processes they are designated to support. It may be understandable that, as compared to tools, processes tend to be more resilient to structural changes because of their inherent communicative nature, evolved over time through general acceptance and consensus. This paper argues, however, that careful study of the necessary conditions under which significant structural changes in the building delivery process would evolve, can effectively inform the developmental strategies in computational design support toward anticipation and encouragement of such changes.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id 2004_451
id 2004_451
authors Schink, Claus-Jürgen
year 2004
title The Notebook University Karlsruhe (TH) - How to Promote and Support the Education of Architects and Engineers via Mobile Networks?
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 451-458
summary The article describes the didactical integration of wireless access networks for the campus of the University of Karlsruhe in the education of architects and engineers. It focuses on the development of an interdisciplinary communication network to encourage, support and promote the communication and collaboration between students. The discussed modules were developed during the Notebook University Karlsruhe (TH). An applied project, aimed on several targets. The invention of a notebook university for all students. The distribution of software via a „software fuel station“, the integration of UMTS in campus networks, the support of online lessons, and the encouragement of students to work over the internet. The author joined the consortium with the subproject called: „Interdisciplinary Cooperation Modules in Mobile Networks“ (INKOP). This project lead to a couple of tools, listed in this contribution. Based on the design and project oriented cooperation platform the authors developed the tools „Jobadmin“ to administrate multidisciplinary workgroups, „Swarm Knowledge Catalogue“ to collect and store knowledge and „LivingCampus“, an instrument providing basic services for dynamic communication. The author assumes that the fundamental learning impulses take place among the students themselves and that the training of architects and engineers should enable them to organise themselves and their workgroups. Therefore, the collective acquisition of knowledge and cooperation has to be trained during the studies closely.
keywords Cooperation Platform, Teaching Cooperation, Wireless LAN Videoconferencing, Education of Engineers, Web Based Design
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id ecaade2011_000
id ecaade2011_000
authors Zupancic, Tadeja; Juvancic, Matevz; Verovsek, Spela; Jutraz, Anja (eds.)
year 2011
source 29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings [ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, 980 p.
summary The main topics of the conference are recognition, development and encouragement of virtual space design which in a consequence respect the problematic of sensitive and even fragile places of our physical and virtual surroundings. How do we define the levels of fragility either in physical or in virtual space, or in any fluid architectural endeavours? How do we respect the diversity of spatial fragility levels while introducing new design interventions? What can be defined as a (eCAADe-) sensitive / responsive / responsible design intervention? How to develop physical and virtual laboratories for sensitive / responsive / responsible design interventions? How to promote sensitive / responsive / responsible design interventions as members of eCAADe and related communities? What is the future of physical and virtual environments, requiring the most sensitive and responsible design interventions? These are just a few questions which were addressed at the eCAADe 2011 conference.
series eCAADe
last changed 2011/09/07 09:33

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