CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

PDF papers

Hits 1 to 20 of 41

_id 090f
authors Barbosa, Adriana Simeone
year 2000
title Trocando Cidades pela Internet ou Experimentando As Cidades Invisíveis (Exchanging Cities Through the Internet or Experiencing the Invisible Cities)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 149-151
summary This paper proposes a dialogue between the poetic notes in As Cidades invisíveis by Italo Calvino and the possibility of experimenting the exchange of different urban realities on the internet. In order to develop this idea it seems adequate to create a website to promote this interchange of cities or the interchange of visions of cities all over the world from the point of view of web users through their statements, photos, sounds, impressions and any fragments that will express their personal readings. It will be possible not only to think their experience of city as well as investigating it from an individual and collective point of view, of the native and of the visitor, but also discuss new means of exchange of information, visual or verbal, in this specific work, about cities, provided by web technology which gets more and more available.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id f2f1
authors Breen, Jack and Nottrot, Robert
year 2000
title Project a2W. A Dialogue on New Media Perspectives
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 291-296
summary This paper documents an initiative taking the form of a "dialogue". The format which has been developed is somewhat similar to that of the "conversation" which Mondrian conceived in 1919, taking place between two fictitious characters - A and B - discussing the new direction in art, which he called "Nieuwe Beelding" and which contributed to the "De Stijl" movement (the dialogue was followed later that year by a "trialogue" between X, Y and Z on a virtual walk taking them from the countryside to the city) 1 . This time the issue is not so much the evolvement of a new artistic or architectural style, but the role of "new media" in architecture... The present dialogue takes place between two fictitious media proponents ("Alpha" and "Omega"). They take turns questioning several issues and exchanging proposals... What are the values - and the promises - of computer supported instruments in creative design and research - concerning the art and science shaping the built environment? How do the present applications measure up, how do they compare to the expectations and ambitions expressed a number of years ago? The form of a dialogue means that issues and ideas, which are not often aired within the confines of academic discourse, can be played back and forth and a measure of exaggeration was intended from the beginning... This contribution does not in any way pretend to be all-inclusive. Rather, the paper is meant to put forward ideas and experiences - from the perspective of the Delft Media group, in practice, in teaching and in research - which may stimulate (or even irritate?) but will hopefully activate. The aim is to open up discussions, to allow other (hidden) agendas for the future to become more visible and to look for platforms for sharing concepts and fascinations, however improbable they might be...
keywords A Dialogue on New Media
series eCAADe
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id ecaade2007_094
id ecaade2007_094
authors Buattour, Mohamed; Halin, Gilles; Bignon, Jean Claude
year 2007
title Management system for a Virtual Cooperative Project
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 125-131
summary The paper presents on-going research aimed at the support of the management of building projects and the aid cooperative design. Today, The use of systems adapted to the cooperative design assistance for the building domain is complex. This results from the complexity of the cooperative work (difficulties in tracking actor’s work, lack of most of the required information, coordination problems, implicit nature of most of the construction activities etc.) The paper will briefly review two data exchanging modes that we had defined. After, on the basis of this concept of cooperative design we describe a new model of a virtual environment aimed to takes into account the relational organization of the project and the semantic meaning of works. This research represents a new approach because it not based on management of documents but on all data relative to works. Finally, we use this new model for defining a design-aided tool, to deduce advantages and limits of the “Virtual Cooperative Project”. This system lets geographically dispersed project actors model the project context of a building. More specifically, it allows interpreting, using and exchanging project works in a centralized virtual environment during the building life cycle. This system uses IFC objects which associate in the same model the semantic and the 3D representation of building works.
keywords Cooperation model, cooperative work design, project management, digital mock-up
series eCAADe
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id cf2015_090
id cf2015_090
authors Cordeiro, Artur Vasconcelos and Beiguelman, Giselle
year 2015
title Smart city and Internet of Things: possible changes in the public space
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 90-98.
summary This work aims to investigate the concept of smart city within the Internet of Things (IoT), and analyses possible transformations of urban space in areas of surveillance and control. As already seen regularly in the media, surveillance and control of data on the internet is a problem that affects personal freedom. If similar surveillance system is applied in the Internet of Things, where people, objects and environments are interconnected, exchanging a huge volume of data, the problem substantially increases due the possibility of more control over various aspects of people's lives. The purpose of this paper is to do a critical reflection about the consequences of the smart city regarding the public space and privacy of the inhabitants.
keywords smart city, internet of things, public space, privacy
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id ecaade2017_100
id ecaade2017_100
authors Daniotti, Bruno, Lupica Spagnolo, Sonia, Mirarchi, Claudio, Pasini, Daniela and Pavan, Alberto
year 2017
title An Italian BIM-based portal to support collaborative design and construction - A case study on an enhanced use of information relying on a classification system and computational technical datasheets
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 67-76
summary A great amount of information needs to be managed along the building life cycle in order to fulfil building codes, standards and regulations, client and user requirements. However, a lack of transparency in the information management and a lack of communication between stakeholders often bring to the adoption of solutions in the design process that do not meet the original requirements. Therefore, an ordered structure for information improves its storage, enhancing its visibility, traceability, usability and re-usability. In addition, for public works contracts and design contests, the use of specific electronic tools, such as building information electronic modelling tools, is often required for the information management. The paper presents the efforts devoted within the Italian building sector for proposing a standardized structure and developing tools for collecting, sharing and exchanging information between stakeholders involved in different stages of the building process. An enhanced use of information relying on the adoption of the standardized structure of information is presented, proposing dedicated applications for automating the process of information fruition.
keywords BIM-based portal; Standardized information; Computational technical datasheets
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:27

_id 2c12
authors De Vries, Bauke
year 1991
title The Minimal Approach
source Computer Integrated Future, CIB W78 Seminar. September, 1991
summary Unnumbered. A distinction is made between data-exchange within a system and between systems. For the latter a datamodel is defined with a clear limited domain called: the minimal model. Moreover a procedure is shown for exchanging data using the minimal model
keywords communication, standards, modeling, construction
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id ecaade2016_114
id ecaade2016_114
authors Erdine, Elif and Kallegias, Alexandros
year 2016
title Calculated Matter - Algorithmic Form-Finding and Robotic Mold-Making
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 163-168
wos WOS:000402063700018
summary The paper addresses a specific method for the production of custom-made, differentiated moulds for the realization of a complex, doubly-curved wall element during an international three-week architectural programme, Architectural Association (AA) Summer DLAB. The research objectives focus on linking geometry, structure, and robotic fabrication within the material agency of concrete. Computational workflow comprises the integration of structural analysis tools and real-time form-finding methods in order to inform global geometry and structural performance simultaneously. The ability to exchange information between various simulation, modelling, analysis, and fabrication software in a seamless fashion is one of the key areas where the creation of complex form meets with the simplicity of exchanging information throughout various platforms. The paper links the notions of complexity and simplicity throughout the design and fabrication processes. The aim to create a complex geometrical configuration within the simplicity of a single material system, concrete, presents itself as an opportunity for further discussion and development.
keywords robotic fabrication; custom form-work; generative design; structural analysis; concrete
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id 841d
authors Gilleard, John D.
year 1989
title Integrating Microcomputer CADr and Bill of Material Routines Using AutoCad
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 9.2.1-9.2.10
summary Through the integration of microcomputer-aided draughting (CADr), and in particular with AutoCAD, the industries most extensively used CADr program, and automated routines for the production of bills of materials, a dramatic incr-ease in productivity is possible in the architectural design domain. Working from a variety of material take off methods complete cost estimates may be achieved through the manipulation of drawing data and exchanging the information with third-party estimating software. However, the area of study is currently at a formative stage of development and full integration, although technically feasible, is rarely attempted. Therefore, the paper comments on the development of 'in-house' routines using AutoCAD's data extraction features and AutoLISP; reviews current commercial systems of interfacing AutoCAD with bills of materials and automated specification routines; and, finally, discusses possible future advances in this major area of study.

keywords AutoCAD, Bills-of-Materials, Integration
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 10:09

_id ecaade03_519_209_gruber
id ecaade03_519_209_gruber
authors Gruber, A., Hirschberg, U. and Dank, R.
year 2003
title Calculated Bananas: Defining a new introductory course in visual design for first year architecture students
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 519-522
summary A novel introductory course in visual design is presented that combines the teaching of various subjects and skills around the development of digital fruit. – A mandatory subject for first year architecture students at Graz University of Technology, the course is jointly offered by two institutes and combines the teaching of hand sketching, descriptive geometry, computer aided design, generative algorithms, image processing, desktop and online publishing and networked collaboration. The ambitious pedagogy uses information technology to provide links and synergies between the different subjects. The digital fruit are developed in a collaborative environment that fosters the evolution of new kinds of forms and structures through exchanging and crossbreeding of CAAD data. The paper reports on the experiences gained during the first installment the course in which 130 students were enrolled.
keywords Creative collaboration: evolutionary processes; digital fruit; complex geometry; methods of representation.
series eCAADe
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id e9b1
authors Heylighen, Ann and Neuckermans, Herman
year 2001
title Destination: Practice – Towards a maintenance contract for the architect’s degree
source Reinventing the Discourse - How Digital Tools Help Bridge and Transform Research, Education and Practice in Architecture [Proceedings of the Twenty First Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-10-1] Buffalo (New York) 11-14 October 2001, pp. 090-099
summary Addressing the subject of Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) in architectural design, we present a Web-based design assistant for student- and professional architects called DYNAMO. Its main objective is to initiate and nurture the life-long process of learning from (design) experience as suggested by CBR’s cognitive model. Rather than adopting this model as such, DYNAMO extrapolates it beyond the individual by stimulating and intensifying several modes of interaction. One mode – the focus of this paper – concerns the interaction between the realm of design education and the world of practice. DYNAMO offers a platform for exchanging design efforts and insights, in the form of cases, between both parties, which perfectly chimes with the current tendency towards life-long learning and continuing education. Just like our university advises graduates to ‘Take a maintenance contract with your degree’, architecture schools may encourage recently qualified architects to subscribe to DYNAMO. To what extent the tool can fulfill this role of maintenance contract is discussed at the end of the paper, which reports on how DYNAMO was used and appreciated by professional architects at different levels of expertise.
keywords Case-Based Reasoning, Web-Based Learning, Digital Repositories
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/04/25 17:30

_id 3338
authors Heylighen, Ann and Neuckermans, Herman
year 2000
title DYNAMO - Dynamic Architectural Memory On-line
source Educational Technology and Society, Vol.3, No.2, April 2000 (ISSN 1436-4522), pp. 86-95
summary This paper describes the current status of DYNAMO, a web-based design assistant for students and professional designers in the field of architecture. The tool can be considered a Case-Based Design (CBD) system in so far that it was inspired by the view of cognition underlying CBD. The paper points out how DYNAMO incorporates this view, and at the same time extrapolates it beyond the individual. In this way, the tool attempts to embrace and profit from several kinds of interaction that are crucial for the development and renewal of design knowledge. This should result in a design tool that both feels cognitively comfortable to (student-) designers, and offers them a platform for exchanging knowledge and insights with colleagues in different contexts and at different levels of experience. In addition, the paper describes the implementation of these theoretical ideas as a working prototype, which has recently been tested by 4th year design students. Finally, DYNAMO is situated in the context of other comparable tools that have been or are being developed in the field of architectural design.
keywords Educational Multimedia, Interactive Learning Environments, Online Education
series journal paper
last changed 2002/11/14 07:40

_id 1959
id 1959
authors Heylighen, Ann; Martin, W Mike; Cavallin, Humberto
year 2004
source Journal of Design Research, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2004 [ISSN 1569-1551]
summary Central to Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) is the claim that knowledge in human memory takes the form of cases, i.e. interpreted representations of concrete experiences. The intimate relationship between knowledge and experience in design has inspired CBR researchers to develop various Case-Based Design tools, which try to support architects (and designers in general) in capitalizing on previous design experience. Typically, these tools is built around a case base, an indexed collection of concrete cases labeled by a set of characteristic features. In general, cases document buildings, i.e. design products. By contrast, Building Stories has chosen to complement product data by stories about the process that generated the product. Previous papers have documented and illustrated the ideas underlying Building Stories and situated the methodology with regard to other case study approaches. The present paper focuses on establishing the growing repository of building stories into a valuable resource of and for the profession.
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2005/01/26 21:50

_id ddss2006-pb-289
id DDSS2006-PB-289
authors I-Chieh Huang and Teng-Wen Chang
year 2006
title A Study of Using Oversized Display in Supporting Design Communication - Focus on interior design problems
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) 2006, Progress in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Eindhoven: Eindhoven University of Technology, ISBN-10: 90-386-1756-9, ISBN-13: 978-90-386-1756-5, p. 289-301
summary This paper focuses on using oversized display for supporting design communication process between designers and clients. The interactive behaviors are analyzed and testified with a prototype developed in this research. Based on interviews with designers and clients, focus of the communication process in this research is onto developing an immersive environment for exchanging and negotiating the design artifacts. Several immersive virtual environment as well as visualization method (display) is reviewed. Furthermore, three over-sized display projects (ShadowLight, CaveUT and Blue-c) with immersive perception at full-scale or near full-scale design artifacts are studied as the inspiration of this research. Designers identify what kinds of influence they had on the design of client's interior space and to what extent they are aware that they can design and influence their perception. An over-sized display environment with direct manipulation interface is developed for evaluation platform.
keywords Virtual environments, Collaborative design
series DDSS
last changed 2006/08/29 10:55

_id caadria2006_151
id caadria2006_151
authors IH-CHENG LAI
year 2006
source CAADRIA 2006 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Kumamoto (Japan) March 30th - April 2nd 2006, 151-160
summary This paper proposes a framework for the specification of communication mechanisms that regulates interactions among agents participating in role playing in the idea association process. Since agents process a sort of human-like behavior, our approach is made taking as reference human communication characteristics through using role playing as metaphor. Therefore, we first analyze the characteristics of human communication, deriving role playing for linking ideas in the human world. By integrating with ACL mechanisms, we propose a framework to express communication mechanisms for exchanging message in a multi-agent framework called DIM-2. Finally, the framework is evaluated through an experiment. Also its computational feasibility of a support system for the distributed interactions is discussed in this paper.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2006/04/17 16:48

_id d7f7
authors Jeng, Hoang-Ell
year 1995
title A Dialogical Model for Participatory Design; A Computational Approach to Group Planning
source Delft University of Technology
summary In participatory design, design concepts are generated collectively through discussion, dialogical interactions, in which the interchange of normative and supporting factual descriptions builds a collective design discourse. The goal of this research is to develop a method for participatory design to support this collective, face-to-face design problem-solving, in order to increase the acceptability of the design product. Since the mid-1960s, there has been an important movement towards increasing the participation of citizens in determining their built environment. At first, the movement was associated with social-political ideologies and rhetoric. By the end of the 1970s, participatory design had become an accepted component of professional practice. The objectives of the movement became more pragmatically and more modestly focused on exchanging practical information, resolving conflicts, and supplementing design. Today, participatory design is in a new phase. Traditional participatory design methods are seen as insufficient to fulfill an increasing demand for dialogue. The point of departure of the study is the assumption that new information technologies can satisfy this demand. The method includes: (1) a group-reasoning model, (2) a dialogical system and (3) a framework for participation-based design guidelines. The group-reasoning model formulates the process of knowledge acquisition, the learning and sharing of belief systems, the generation of design alternatives and design evaluations--by which reasoning takes place dialogically. The dialogical system provides a clear description of how the information should be processed, what aspects should be paid attention to, what results can be anticipated, and when and how to control the process. The framework for participation-based design guidelines guides and structures the design process. It facilitates a reconstruction of the implicit cognitive structure which underlines dialogue and is generated through the discussion of a group.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id ecaade2008_122
id ecaade2008_122
authors Kawasumi, Norihiro; Morozumi, Mitsuo; Homma, Riken
year 2008
title The APEX/VPB & MAP: Graphical Design Interface and Archive for Distributed Collaboration
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 341-348
summary The digital tools are most convenient technologies to realize distributed collaborative design environment on the web. A lot of practical design systems have been already developed with researches in the world. On these systems, the digital bulletin board and web-map technologies are generally used to support for group-discussing and exchanging design proposals via the web. But some of them are only possible to store design materials apart on the web and the peculiar interface is not well-optimized for architectural design activities. In this paper, we discuss to develop the collaborative design system simulated of our practical group-work methods. The APEX/VPB & MAP will realize the easy information management with interactive digital bulletin board and map-based interface. Finally, we will report the results of our experimental design studio using with APEX/VPB & MAP.
keywords Dynamic Interface, Distributed Collaboration, Geographical Map Navigation, Design Management, Web Archive
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id c675
authors Kim, Inham
year 1995
title Design Tools Integration in an Integrated Design Environment
source Computing in Design - Enabling, Capturing and Sharing Ideas [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-04-7] University of Washington (Seattle, Washington / USA) October 19-22, 1995, pp. 75-95
summary The design problem has a multi-disciplinary nature and the design itself evolves as solutions are attempted by the designer. To support inter-disciplinary communication of design concepts and decisions, the integration of relevant CAAD tools is essential. Based upon a large set of design criteria and all corresponding knowledge, with the help of computer aided design tools, the result could be highly effective and novel. The integration of CAAD tools should be performed on the basis of generating better solutions by enabling designers to manipulate and appraise various solutions quickly and with a minimum of effort. The proposed system provides the foundations for a seamless and continuous working environment for architects and building engineers through a data modelling module, an integrated data management framework and various design tools. In the environment, stand-alone design tools can be plugged-in in order to access information stored in central databases. The suggested data modelling module helps integrated CAAD systems represent and exchange domain dependent design information at a semantic level, such as exchanging components and features of a building rather than graphical primitives. The suggested data management framework supports the straight-forward mechanisms for controlling the data representation through the inter-connected modules and design tools.
series ACADIA
last changed 1999/03/29 14:59

_id b9c4
authors Kim, Inhan
year 1994
title Data representations in an integrated architectural design environment
source University of Strathclyde, Dept. of Architecture and Building Science
summary The architectural design process is very complex and involves cross-disciplinary communication among many related fields. Given the further problems arising from the technological advances in building materials and construction methods, an integrated design environment becomes a central design issue. There have been many attempts to analyse and structure the design process as a uniform hierarchical framework. Most of the attempts resulted in a vague and inappropriate outcome due to the lack of understanding of architectural design complexity and inconsistent design data control sequence. A design problem cannot be comprehensively stated because the design problem has a multi-disciplinary nature and the design problem itself evolves as solutions are attempted by the designer. Therefore, an ideal CAAD system should have the capability to accommodate the multi-disciplinary nature of design and should not prescribe or restrict design concepts and design knowledge. A well designed integrated design environment provides more information and invokes creative imagination for each design stage, and therefore creative decision making by the designer can be achieved. This thesis proposes a prototype architectural design environment, Hybrid Integrated Design Environment [HIDE], which aims to integrate all applications for designing a building. Within the object-oriented design environment, a unified data model and a data management system have been implemented to seamlessly connect all applications. Development of the environment needs to consider the fundamental interaction between each module. Devising a data structure that is appropriate to an effective data communication among the various design stages is essential in a totally integrated CAAD system. The suggested unified data model organizes the structure of the design data to keep the design consistent throughout the design and construction process. By means of the unified data model, integrated CAAD systems could represent and exchange design information at a semantic level, i.e. the user’s way of thinking, such as exchanging components and features of a building rather than graphical primitives. In consequence, the unified data model reduces the misunderstandings and communication problems among the multiple disciplines of architectural design. The suggested data management system supports the consistent and straight forward mechanisms for controlling the data representation through the inter-connected modules. It is responsible for creating, maintaining, and viewing a consistent database of the design description. It also helps to perform effective data communication among the various design stages to ensure quality and time saving in the final construction of the building. To support inter-disciplinary communication of design concepts and decisions, the integrating of relevant CAAD tools is essential. In the environment, the integration of CAAD tools has been performed on the basis of how well computerized design tools can assist designers to develop better solutions, enabling them to manipulate and appraise varying solutions quickly and with a minimum of effort in an environment conducive to creative design. A well designed user interface system can also benefit the seamless working environment. The proposed user friendly interface system allows a user to explore the environment in a highly interactive manner. From the development of the early data model to the final design, a user could benefit from the prototypes and methods of the user interface system. The ultimate goal of the prototype environment is to suggest a future design environment which helps the architect to have minimum discontinuity in his creativity and make the design process similar to the natural design process with the help of a set of design assistance modules. A prototype version of HIDE has been implemented and a demonstration of the environment is part of this thesis.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id 210b
authors Kvan, Thomas
year 1997
title But is it Collaboration?
source Challenges of the Future [15th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-3-0] Vienna (Austria) 17-20 September 1997
summary Collaborative activities are an important application of computer technology now that telecommunications infrastructure has been established to support it. There are many students in schools of architecture who are undertaking collaborative projects using the Internet and many practices who work together exchanging files and interacting on shared digital models. Software vendors are developing tools to support such collaboration. But what are we doing? What is the nature of collaboration and what are the implications for tools that support this work?
keywords Collaboration
series eCAADe
last changed 2001/08/17 13:11

_id d28a
authors Kvan, Thomas
year 2000
title Collaborative design: what is it?
source Automation in Construction, 9:4, July 2000, pp. 409-415
summary Collaborative activities are an important application of computer technology now that telecommunications infrastructure has been established to support it. There are many students in schools of architecture who are undertaking collaborative projects using the Internet and many practices who work together exchanging files and interacting on shared digital models. Software vendors are developing tools to support such collaboration. But what are we doing? What is the nature of collaboration and what are the implications for tools that support this work?
keywords Collaboration; Pedagogy; Virtual Studio
series journal paper
last changed 2002/11/15 17:29

For more results click below:

this is page 0show page 1show page 2HOMELOGIN (you are user _anon_40546 from group guest) CUMINCAD Papers Powered by SciX Open Publishing Services 1.002