CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id cf2017_413
id cf2017_413
authors Aydin, Serdar; Schnabel, Marc Aurel; Sayah, Iman
year 2017
title Association Rule Mining to Assess User-generated Content in Digital Heritage: Participatory Content Making in ‘The Museum of Gamers’
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, p. 413.
summary Association rule mining is one of several approaches in game design for discovering correlations among user-generated content items. This paper aims to aid the digital heritage field by analysing user preferences in interactive environments designed for participatory cultural heritage making. Textual and diagrammatic explication of the feedback mechanism introduces the universalization of the knowledge gained in this research that is supported with the outcome of a workshop which offered two gamified interactive environments. Three key pleasures of cyberspace in digital heritage are extended from immersion to meaningful experience and to transformation. User-generated content engenders meaningful correlations that help improve and evaluate digital heritage applications. Qualitative findings explicate the relationship of ‘The Museum of Gamers’ with the authenticity issue. This paper is among the first to investigate the association rule finding methods in relation to indexical authenticity in digital heritage.
keywords Digital heritage, Game analytics, Association rule mining, User-generated content, The Museum of Gamers
series CAAD Futures
email serdar.aydin, marcaurel.schnabel},
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id acadia07_120
id acadia07_120
authors Balakrishnan, Bimal; Muramoto, Katsuhiko; Kalisperis, Loukas N.
year 2007
title Spatial Presence: An Explication From an Architectural Point of View
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 120-129
summary This paper provides the theoretical foundation for understanding the concept of spatial presence. This is important for improving architectural visualization tools so as to capture the experiential aspects of space. The paper is organized into three sections. The first section explicates the concept of spatial presence by identifying various conceptualizations of spatial presence in the literature and performing a meaning analysis. It then proceeds to examine mechanisms underlying the formation of spatial presence. The paper concludes by offering initial guidelines for improving the nature of digital tools to enhance the feeling of spatial presence.
series ACADIA
last changed 2007/10/02 06:11

_id b780
authors Chomsky, N.
year 1978
title Syntactic structures
source The Hague : Mouton
summary Noam Chomsky's first book on syntactic structures is one of the first serious attempts on the part of a linguist to construct within the tradition of scientific theory-construction a comprehensive theory of language which may be understood in the same sense that a chemical, biological theory is understood by experts in those fields. It is not a mere reorganization of the data into a new kind of library catalogue, nor another specualtive philosophy about the nature of man and language, but rather a rigorus explication of our intuitions about our language in terms of an overt axiom system, the theorems derivable from it, explicit results which may be compared with new data and other intuitions, all based plainly on an overt theory of the internal structure of languages; and it may well provide an opportunity for the application of explicity measures of simplicity to decide preference of one form over another form of grammar.
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2007/04/30 06:13

_id 60a5
authors Oxman, R.E.
year 1999
title Educating the designerly thinker
source Design Studies, Vol 20 No 2
summary This paper presents a hypothesis about design education that is framed within and derived from cognitive theories of learning. The relevance of design thinking and cognitive approaches to the development of pedagogical approaches in design education is presented and discussed. A conceptual model for design education that emphasizes the acquisition of explicit knowledge of design is proposed. The acquisition of knowledge is achieved through the explication of cognitive structures and strategies of design thinking. The explication process is constructed by exploiting a representational formalism, and a computational medium which supports both the learning process as well as the potential re-use of this knowledge. Finally, an argument is presented that the measure of learning, generally equated with the evaluation of the product of designing, can instead be based upon evaluating learning increments of acquired knowledge.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id cd44
authors Oxman, Rivka
year 1998
title Thought, Representation and Design in the Electronic Design Studio
source Computers in Design Studio Teaching [EAAE/eCAADe International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 09523687-7-3] Leuven (Belgium) 13-14 November 1998, pp. 123-129
summary The relevance of design thinking and cognition to the development of pedagogical approaches in the architectural electronic design studio is presented and discussed. In this approach we emphasize and demonstrate the role of the acquisition of explicit knowledge in design. The acquisition of knowledge is achieved through the explication of cognitive structures and strategies of design thinking. The explication process is implemented in a computational medium which supports the learning process as well as the potential re-use of the knowledge.
series eCAADe
last changed 2000/11/21 08:21

_id caadria2016_115
id caadria2016_115
authors Stouffs, Rudi
year 2016
title The computation of description grammars: two case studies
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 115-124
summary We revisit two case studies that adopt a shape grammar to relate different architectural styles. Both adopt a description scheme, augmenting the shape grammar, as the main vehicle for relating dif- ferent styles, however, they both present the description rules only conceptually. Following a description grammar interpreter and its no- tation for descriptions and description rules, we explore a valid expli- cation of both description schemes. This exploration serves three pur- poses: firstly, as a demonstration of the notation adopted; secondly, as an evaluation of the applicability of the description grammar inter- preter and its notation to these case studies; and, thirdly, as a demon- stration of the explication of description grammars from concept to computation.
keywords Shape grammars; description grammars; architectural styles; description
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ecaade2017_071
id ecaade2017_071
authors Stouffs, Rudi and Hou, Dan
year 2017
title The complexity of formulating design(ing) grammars
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 401-410
summary We are concerned with the complexity of formulating rules within a design grammar, i.e., a grammar for designing. Our motivation comes from an active development of a design grammar using railway station design as a demonstration study. In this paper, we identify a number of difficulties that may arise when developing shape rules and present approaches for graphical rule specification that can serve to overcome these difficulties. Specifically, we present examples where drawing shape rules and augmenting these with control conditions or rule constraints offer insufficient support for the rules' intricacies, and propose conventions for drawing and specification that support the explication of these exemplar shape rules, aiming not to overly complicate the drawing and specification process. We borrow from other authors where appropriate, and do not concern ourselves with implementation issues, at this point.
keywords Design grammar; shape grammar; shape rule; graphical depiction
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:21

_id ijac201210304
id ijac201210304
authors Thün, Geoffrey; Kathy Velikov, Mary O'Malley, et al.
year 2012
title The Agency of Responsive Envelopes: Interaction, Politics and Interconnected Systems
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 3, 377-400
summary This article positions the territory of responsive envelopes within the context of contemporary disciplinary questions surrounding the politics of the architectural envelope on one hand, and the agency of material explication of environmental, social and spatial performance on the other. Two recent prototype-based responsive envelope projects undertaken by the authors, the Stratus Project and Resonant Chamber, are described in detail relative to the reciprocity between the development of their materiality, form, production methods and their dynamic interaction with external forces, environments and inhabitants. An argument is made that responsive envelopes, in their capacity to structure continually evolving energetic, material and information exchanges between humans, buildings and the wider environment, have the potential to actively construct and enable political participation through spatial transformation, data driven processing and informatics. These envelopes are positioned as agents within wider ecologies and social systems, and as sites for the design of robotic architectures to engage such questions.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ecaade2011_071
id ecaade2011_071
authors Wassermann, Klaus
year 2011
title Sema Città: Deriving Elements for an applicable City Theory
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.134-142
summary We approach the issue of city theory from three perspectives, the (i) methodological perspective, (ii) the perspective of the theoretic concept, and (iii) the perspective of an explication that folds the first two perspectives together. The methodological perspective focuses on the status of theory in an area of research, where the subject – the city – is a complex entity. The second topic of the paper is the derivation of the Sema Città, which describes the city as an entity of intended semiosic productivity instead of conceiving it as a built entity of storages, heterotopic consumption and metabolism. The third part investigates how the concepts information, complexity and evolution can be adapted such that they can be operationalized for research, design and planning.
wos WOS:000335665500015
keywords City theory; information theory; methodology; complexity; evolution
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id a3f5
authors Zandi-Nia, Abolfazl
year 1992
title Topgene: An artificial Intelligence Approach to a Design Process
source Delft University of Technology
summary This work deals with two architectural design (AD) problems at the topological level and in presence of the social norms community, privacy, circulation-cost, and intervening opportunity. The first problem concerns generating a design with respect to a set of above mentioned norms, and the second problem requires evaluation of existing designs with respect to the same set of norms. Both problems are based on the structural-behavioral relationship in buildings. This work has challenged above problems in the following senses: (1) A working system, called TOPGENE (The TOpological Pattern GENErator) has been developed. (2) Both problems may be vague and may lack enough information in their statement. For example, an AD in the presence of the social norms requires the degrees of interactions between the location pairs in the building. This information is not always implicitly available, and must be explicated from the design data. (3) An AD problem at topological level is intractable with no fast and efficient algorithm for its solution. To reduce the search efforts in the process of design generation, TOPGENE uses a heuristic hill climbing strategy that takes advantage of domain specific rules of thumbs to choose a path in the search space of a design. (4) TOPGENE uses the Q-analysis method for explication of hidden information, also hierarchical clustering of location-pairs with respect to their flow generation potential as a prerequisite information for the heuristic reasoning process. (5) To deal with a design of a building at topological level TOPGENE takes advantage of existing graph algorithms such as path-finding and planarity testing during its reasoning process. This work also presents a new efficient algorithm for keeping track of distances in a growing graph. (6) This work also presents a neural net implementation of a special case of the design generation problem. This approach is based on the Hopfield model of neural networks. The result of this approach has been used test TOPGENE approach in generating designs. A comparison of these two approaches shows that the neural network provides mathematically more optimal designs, while TOPGENE produces more realistic designs. These two systems may be integrated to create a hybrid system.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

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