CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 15 of 15

_id caadria2009_012
id caadria2009_012
authors Chiu, Hao-Hsiu
year 2009
title Research on Hybrid Tectonic Methodologies for Responsive Architecture
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 493-502
summary This research intends to provide a comprehensive understanding and tectonic patterns of responsive architecture. By qualitatively analyzing a series of critical responsive buildings from Ito’s early Wind Tower through Diller and Scofidio’s Blur Building to Cloud 9’s recent Habitat Hotel, tectonic themes of “lightness”, “morphing”, ”improvisation”, and “networking” are set to the elucidate methodological relationships between their tectonic expressions and design concepts. Based on these designated themes, manipulation of materiality, techniques of construction, and mechanism of responsiveness in the studied cases are comparatively discussed and demonstrated with visualization of their tectonic design patterns. The objective of this research is to stress on the importance of tectonic consistency and offer evidences in combining physical components with digital configurations in order to achieve poetic expressions of structure, function, as well as aesthetics so that genuine spatial quality for digital era can be truly revealed.
series CAADRIA
email hao_hsiuc@hotmail.com
last changed 2009/05/17 09:09

_id ad5b
authors Chu, K.
year 1998
title Genetic Space
source A.D.: Architects in Cyberspace II, vol.68, no.11-12, pp.68-73
summary The twentieth century is the century of convergence. No other century has witnessed the development and profusion of new ideas as the twentieth century, and no other century has experienced the range and scope of events that transpired globally to the extent as this century. Various historical formations and discoveries, unleashed by the Enlightenment, have profoundly changed and transformed the course of human civilization and lead to the maturation of the idea of modernity in this century. With two years left to the start of the next millennium, we are experiencing the effects of modernity that have channeled powerful innovations into the dawn of a new era that could lead, potentially, beyond modernity. More than anything, it signals one of the major premises of the enlightenment to radicalize the substance of nature through the substance of reason and, thereby, altering the modality of the cultural universe of humanity into a genuine cosmopolitical concept. The synthesis of energy, matter and information into a three-parameter system of explanation has created conditions that allow us to think the unthinkable and extend our imagination to the limits of the conceivable. Modernity, from a metaphysical standpoint, brings to light the concept of a transcendental reason that aims to clarify the conditions of possibility for reason as an apriori given. As a consequence, it paved the way for a systemic constitution of a cosmic concept of reason that partakes in the arrival of alien intelligence and one that seems destined to project itself into an ontological domain of its own making. If modernity is an unfinished project, as claimed by some, its program is, nonetheless, being transformed into a cosmogenetic principle where synthesis is the pre-eminent outcome of a return to a second nature, i.e., a transcendent concept of nature. Even though the transcendental dialectic of critical reason is directed towards the timeless unity of the unconditioned, the genitive logic implicit within cosmic reason, itself a form of recursive self-propelling intelligence, appears to be animated by a projective force capable of engendering and pro-creating in the evolutionary sense of the term.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id sigradi2006_c017c
id sigradi2006_c017c
authors de la Barrera Poblete, Carlos Ignacio
year 2006
title Algoritmos Evolutivos como Modelo Propositivo de Diseño [Evolutionary Algorithms for Supple Design Systems]
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 273-277
summary The study uses a repetitive rule of geometric and arithmetical expression, cradle in the movement of the horse in the chess, as displacement continued within a well-known field. Each jump is an iteration of the algorithm, and does that a gene initiator mute, varying its genetic information in its chromosome. This Evolutionary Algorithm is used like an explorer of the space, which tends to move according to a pre-established atmosphere in the programming. The Evolutionary Algorithm imitates the biological evolution as strategy to solve design problems. Its unexpected answers and without direct intervention of a designer, is a family of forms with small variations among them, where each member is a possible solution to the problem. The Generative Calculation depends on its rules, and in this sense he is as genuine as the behaviour of any natural biological system.
series SIGRADI
email delab77@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id c27d
authors Flemming, U., Coyne, R.F. and Glavin, T.J. (et al)
year 1986
title ROOS1 -- Version One of a Generative Expert System for the Design of Building Layouts
source 17 p. : ill. Pittsburgh: Engineering Design Research Center, Carnegie Mellon University, September, 1986
summary ROOS1 is a generative expert system for the design of building layouts. The system is intended to complement human designers' performance through (a) its ability to systematically search for alternative solutions with promising trade-offs; and (b) its ability to take a broad range of design concerns into account. Work on the system provides insights into the applicability of Artificial Intelligence techniques to space planning and building design in general. The system is based on a general generate-and-test paradigm. Its main components are a generator, a tester and a control strategy (which is to be expanded later into a genuine planner). The generator is restricted to the allocation of rectangles. The spatial relations above, below, to the left and the right are defined for pairs of objects in a layout and serve as basic design variables which define differences between solutions and govern the enumeration of alternatives. Within the class of layouts it is able to produce, the generator is completely general and able to generate all realizable sets of spatial relations for a given number of objects. In contrast, the tester is domain-specific and incorporates knowledge about the quality of layouts in a specific domain. The system can be applied to various domains by running it with the appropriate tester and, possibly, the appropriate control strategy. The control strategy itself mediates between planner and tester and, when expanded into a planner, is able to streamline the search for alternatives. The system will go through a sequence of versions with increasing complexity. Each version will have a conceptually clean and clear architecture, and it is the authors' intention to evaluate each architecture explicitly in terms of its promises and limitations with respect to various domains. The first of these versions is described in the present paper
keywords enumeration, combinatorics, layout, floor plans, design, methods, architecture, expert systems, planning
series CADline
email ujf@cmu.edu
last changed 2003/06/02 12:41

_id caadria2013_230
id caadria2013_230
authors Gün, Onur Y.
year 2013
title The Executed and the Observed in Sketches: Visual and Computational Processing for Explorative Drawings
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 801-810
summary Drawing is expressing. The mind’s eye works with the drawing to materialize ideas via transforming them into visual abstractions. The genuine supremacy of drawing emerges from its potential to evoke, not from its ability to represent. Computers are harbingers of unprecedented and enriching drawing environments. Yet they also introduce ambivalences since they suppress drafter’s bodily and perceptual engagement with drawings. This paper aims to delineate the similarities and differences between hand drawing and (via-computer) algorithmic drawing for design. The goal is to discuss the altering role of eyes and hands in long-contrasted virtual and material environments of drawing. The outlined comparisons of algorithmic and hand sketching should encourage research for blending digital and analogue modes of sketching.  
wos WOS:000351496100083
keywords Drawing, Computation, Sketch, Algorithmic, Design, Studio, Visual, Calculation 
series CAADRIA
email oyucegun@mit.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2015_241
id ecaade2015_241
authors Herneoja, Aulikki; Pihlajaniemi, Henrika, Österlund, Toni, Luusua, Anna and Markkanen, Piia
year 2015
title Remarks on Transdisciplinarity as Basis for Conducting Research by Design Teamwork in Real World Context through Two Case Studies of Algorithm Aided Lighting Design
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 61-70
summary The definition of Research by Design (RD) as a research methodology is not yet well established. RD takes its position not only as a research method next to the 'traditional' sciences but also in relation to the creative design practice, where transdicsiplinarity is in essential role. Rather than defining architecture being transdisciplinary in itself, we see beneficial to conduct research together with various disciplines concerning the complexity of the life-world. Also in this interdisciplinary research group we are willing to hold on the designerly way of knowledge production. Of our practical experience working in an interdisciplinary research group shared values, research project management together with participation with evaluative aims were the most challenging aspects. At its best, attempt for genuine transcdisciplinarity was beneficial and rewarding, though sometimes challenging. We would like to target the discussion how we architects, as researchers identify in an interdisciplinary research group conducting transdisciplinary research.
wos WOS:000372316000009
series eCAADe
email aulikki.herneoja@oulu.fi
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=33cc5b92-6e8f-11e5-b6d3-1f476c2fddef
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 789d
authors Kvan, Th., West, R. and Vera, A.
year 1997
title Tools for a Virtual Design Community
source Preprints Formal Aspects of Collaborative CAD, ed. M. L. Maher, J. S. Gero & F. Sudweeks, Sydney: Key Centre of Design Computing, Department of Architectural and Design Science, University of Sydney, pp. 109-123
summary This paper proposes a methodology to evaluate the effects of computer-mediated communication on collaboratively solving design problems. When setting up a virtual design community; choices must be made between a variety of tools; choices dictated by budget; bandwidth; ability and availability. How do you choose between the tools; which is useful and how will each affect the outcome of the design exchanges you plan? A commonly used method is to analyze the work done and to identify tools which support this type of work. In general; research on the effects of computer-mediation on collaborative work has concentrated mainly on social-psychological factors such as deindividuation and attitude polarization; and used qualitative methods. In contrast; we propose to examine the process of collaboration itself; focusing on separating those component processes which primarily involve individual work from those that involve genuine interaction. Extending the cognitive metaphor of the brain as a computer; we view collaboration in terms of a network process; and examine issues of control; coordination; and delegation to separate sub-processors. Through this methodology we attempt to separate the individual problem-solving component from the larger process of collaboration.
keywords CSCW; Group Work; Design; Expertise; Collaboration; Novice
series other
email tkvan@arch.hku.hk
last changed 2002/11/15 17:29

_id 10f9
authors Kvan, Th., West, R. and Vera, A.
year 1998
title Tools and Channels of Communication
source International Journal of Virtual Reality, 3:3, 1998, pp. 21-33
summary This paper proposes a methodology to evaluate the effects of computer-mediated communication on collaboratively solving design problems. When setting up a virtual design community; choices must be made between a variety of tools; choices dictated by budget; bandwidth; ability and availability. How do you choose between the tools; which is useful and how will each affect the outcome of the design exchanges you plan? A commonly used method is to analyze the work done and to identify tools which support this type of work. In general; research on the effects of computer-mediation on collaborative work has concentrated mainly on social-psychological factors such as deindividuation and attitude polarization; and used qualitative methods. In contrast; we propose to examine the process of collaboration itself; focusing on separating those component processes which primarily involve individual work from those that involve genuine interaction. Extending the cognitive metaphor of the brain as a computer; we view collaboration in terms of a network process; and examine issues of control; coordination; and delegation to separate sub-processors. Through this methodology we attempt to separate the individual problem-solving component from the larger process of collaboration.
keywords Expertise; Collaboration; Novice
series journal paper
email tkvan@arch.hku.hk
last changed 2002/11/15 17:29

_id ecaade2017_105
id ecaade2017_105
authors Miodragovic Vella, Irina and Kotnik, Toni
year 2017
title Stereotomy, an Early Example of a Material System
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 251-258
summary Stereotomy originated as a technique that accumulated theoretical and practical knowledge on stone material properties and construction. At its peak in the nineteenth century, by pushing the structure and construction limits, it gained the ability of using "the weight of the stone against itself by making it hover in space through the very weight that should make it fall down" (Perrault 1964, cited Etelin, 2012). The modern architectural tectonics, based on structural comprehension in architecture, found no value in stereotomy beyond its early, Gothic period. Similarly, digital architectural theory recognized in Gothic the early examples of a material systems. This paper reassesses stereotomy at its fundamental levels, as a material system based on generative processes that assimilate structure and construction through parameterization. In this way, a theoretical framework is established that exposes stereotomy's intrinsic potentials: the continuity of historic and contemporary examples, overlaps between current research endeavours, and its genuine relevance for contemporary digital architecture.
keywords stereotomy, material system, Abeille vault, parametric design
series eCAADe
email irina.miodragovic-vella@um.edu.mt
last changed 2017/09/13 13:27

_id sigradi2016_562
id sigradi2016_562
authors Oliveira, Ana Mansur de; Guimar?es, Celso Pereira
year 2016
title Voo ou cela: o papel da tecnologia na criaç?o do imprevisível [practices in post-digital environment in the career of Industrial Design]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.949-953
summary This paper analyzes different roles of technology in the creative process of contemporary visuality. Technology apparatus have their own rules, to which the operator submits, plenty of the times in a certain illusion of exercising a genuine freedom of creation. The danger of this illusion is an atrophy of the access to the imaginative capacities of the human being. Therefore, it is necessary to notice this kind of coercion operated by technology. Is the apparatus that seems to seduce the creator to a non-human place, somehow magic, in which the illusion of control can obstruct the access to the real potency of imagination.
series SIGraDi
email anamansur@gmail.com
last changed 2017/06/21 12:19

_id a65f
authors Primrose, P.L., Creamer, G.D. and Leonard, R.
year 1985
title Identifying and Quantifying the Company-Wide Benefits of CAD Within the Structure of a Comprehensive Investment Program
source Computer Aided Design. Butterworth & Co. Pub., February, 1985. vol. 17: pp. 3-8 : ill. flow charts
summary This paper discusses the costs and benefits associated with introducing CAD. It is shown that by suitably defining the terms involved, all the so-called 'intangible benefits' can be quantified and used within a rigorous financial evaluation. Because 45 specific factors must be considered if a genuine investment appraisal of CAD is to be performed, a computer program has been specifically written to overcome the difficulties normally associated with the DCF evaluation of major projects. The results from the program demonstrate that not only are the benefits of CAD company-wide, but that when these benefits are quantified, the economic case for CAD is greatly strengthened. The problem of CAD systems being regarded as nothing more than a 'drawing office tool to make draftsmen redundant' is overcome. In particular, the use of the program within a number of major companies reveals that CAD systems not only give a much greater potential return on investment than has been suggested by previous authors, but that the greatest benefits accrue in areas outside the drawing office. This is illustrated by a case study
keywords CAD, evaluation, business, cost, practice, economics
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id bcb5
authors Schrage, M.
year 1990
title Shared Minds: The New Technologies of Collaboration
source New York: Random House
summary Collaboration is a fundamental yet underappreciated force in business, the arts and sciences, stresses Schrage, columnist for the Los Angeles Times. Most organizations, he observes, lack structures that allow people to pool their talents creatively. In place of the bastardized American notion of "teamwork," he advocates genuine collaborative interaction aided by "shared spaces" like blackboards or brainstorming sessions. One chapter demonstrates how shared computer screens can reduce the politics and boredom of corporate meetings. Though he sometimes belabors the obvious, Schrage has written a trailblazing guide to help people in diverse fields move from mere communication to true collaboration.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 9110
authors Slyk, Jan and Tulkowska, Karolina
year 2002
title Virtual representation of the historic space riches - The deepest source of understanding the contemporary nature of the city is genuine consciousness of its history
source Connecting the Real and the Virtual - design e-ducation [20th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-0-8] Warsaw (Poland) 18-20 September 2002, pp. 408-411
summary Paper discusses use of modern techniques to gather, convert and present the historic facts concerning the shape of the city - for an example of Warsaw. Aim of the project is to analyze chances of cooperative use of historic data base and contemporary software in intention to create virtual model of the old urban structure.
series eCAADe
email jslyk@fpa.pl
last changed 2002/09/09 17:19

_id ascaad2016_040
id ascaad2016_040
authors Teba, Tarek; Dimitris Theodossopoulos
year 2016
title A Graphic Reconstruction Methodology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 385-398
summary Virtual modelling enables the testing of conceptual, constructional and environmental aspects, prior to embarking on the in situ construction process. This is being gradually implemented in architectural heritage, particularly with monuments that are at risk. Various international heritage conventions have emphasised the great role that virtual reconstruction plays in building a comprehensive repository of the selected case studies. This repository would be used for educational and professional purposes as well as raising community awareness of heritage values and conservation. On the other hand, only few genuine attempts have been made to develop a virtual reconstruction approach in a conservation project to integrate concept, materiality or spatial quality of the conservation proposal into the perception of the heritage cultural values.
series ASCAAD
email Tarek.teba@port.ac.uk
last changed 2017/05/25 11:33

_id 55c9
id 55c9
authors Yehuda Kalay, Gokce Kinayoglu, Seung Wook Kim
year 2005
title Spatio-Temporally Navigable Representation and Communication of Urban Cultural Heritage
source Proceedings: VSMM 2005 International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia
summary Virtual environments are effective tools for the representation and communication of cultural heritage. We suggest that an interactive, immersive and dynamic navigation of the virtual representation of the urban environment will not only convey the essence of the culture and the changes it underwent in a more comprehensible manner, but will engender a 'sense of place'—genius loci— in the visitors. This cognitive mode will help them learn about much more than the geometry and materiality of the city: it will make them 'feel' part of the event itself. By presenting a socially shareable experience, we aim to introduce the medium the character of a genuine place, and make it a social venue for active exploration, discussion and interaction.

Virtual reality surpasses both traditional media and 3D-models and offers what they cannot. The affordances of the medium, however, also have the potential to destroy the sense of place it strives to engender. It can do so by allowing a kind of ‘time travel,’ to different periods in the history of the site. This ability locates visitors not only spatially, but also temporally. Everyday experience helps us understand the meaning of spatial boundedness, but does not prepare us to deal with temporal boundedness: sensing the presence of fellow visitors at different times. In this paper we describe our experiences in producing spatio-temporally navigable virtual reconstructions of two distinct culturally significant historic sites: the neolithic village of Çatalhöyük, and the medieval city of Cairo. We demonstrate the use of spatio-temporal navigation through a dynamic, chronologically layered model that can be browsed by multiple users at the same time. Such a dynamic system for representing chronological architectural events requires the extension of our conception of place into the temporal domain. We introduce a new concept, temporal field of view (t-FOV) and discuss how it can aid us in resolving an intrinsic challenge introduced by the representation of the temporal dimension in virtual environments.

keywords Multi-User Virtual Environments (MUVE), Cairo, cultural heritage, temporal representation, timeline
series other
type normal paper
email gokce@berkeley.edu
last changed 2008/10/03 19:34

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