CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2007_010
id ecaade2007_010
authors Artopoulos, Giorgos; Kourtis, Lampros
year 2007
title The House of Affects Project
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 777-784
summary The House of Affects is an experimental installation to be part of the PerFormaSpace project pursued at the University of Cambridge, UK (DIGIS) and Goldsmiths College London, U.C.L. (Digital Studios), currently partially funded by Arts&Business East 2006, in collaboration with Econavate, UK who will provide their technical expertise in fabrication using recycled materials. This paper presents project-specific information and theoretical discussion on the design process and the computational methods used to develop advanced adaptive structural components in relationship to behavioral goals, criteria and constraints.
keywords Optimization, computational architecture, architectonics, adaptability
series eCAADe
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id 067e
authors Banz, George
year 1990
title Expert Systems and Artificial Intelligence in Real Estate Development Planning
source CIB W55/W66 Joint Symposium. 1990. 7 p. : ill. includes bibliography. -- Abstracts in English and French
summary Expert systems and artificial intelligence can contribute substantially to the quality of real-estate development analysis. 'A. I. coaches' help correlate input and check the validity of schedules. Expert systems enhance life cycle cost analysis. Property value indicators become viable when used in conjunction with remote sensing and life style mapping
keywords economics, life cycle, expert systems, analysis
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:07

_id caadria2006_513
id caadria2006_513
year 2006
source CAADRIA 2006 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Kumamoto (Japan) March 30th - April 2nd 2006, 513-519
summary The diversity of representations and the complexity of capturing and communicating the design process and its rationale present a challenge to architects. This paper proposes a multimodal virtual reality environment (MVE) aimed at utilizing the inherent advantages of distinct media, as opposed to a stand-alone virtual reality environment. Virtual reality is seen here as one of the tools in the larger milieu of interactive multimedia tools available to architects. The theoretical framework underlying its development explores the role of digital tools in the design process, their adaptability to existing workflow and issues of representation and perception, especially how design ideas are represented, evaluated and manipulated in the mind. The development of MVE followed a cycle of design, usability studies by a focus group and redesign.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2006/04/17 16:48

_id ab35
authors Birn, Jeremy and Maestri, George
year 2000
title Digital Lighting & Rendering
source New Riders Publishing
summary Using computer graphic and 3-D tools to create accurate images is easy; using them to produce beautiful, inviting, memorable images requires more than technical skill. [digital] Lighting & Rendering introduces reasons and techniques for using light, shadow, texture, and composition. The book is not software-specific, but demonstrates techniques that are applicable to almost any 3-D graphics application.
series other
last changed 2003/02/26 17:58

_id e513
authors Chaikin, George
year 1998
title The Computer and the Studio
source Computers in Design Studio Teaching [EAAE/eCAADe International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 09523687-7-3] Leuven (Belgium) 13-14 November 1998, pp. 51-54
summary The studio is the primary place of architectural education - the place where the warp of representation and the weft of technique are woven together. Architecture is taught as a domain of ideas, ideas about how and why buildings are built, about the dialectic between concept and materiality. To the architectural student, the drawing is the exemplar of the quality of work he or she will expect in the final construction process. As such, it is very important that the student appreciate the "materiality" of the work to be realized, and this is best done through the education of the whole person, of the entire cognitive mechanism, which most certainly includes the hands. We feel strongly that the student must engage in the creative process in a profoundly physical way, must learn the art and joy of making things, and only then can she or he appreciate the representational abstraction offered by the computer.
series eCAADe
last changed 2000/11/21 08:11

_id 911c
authors Darken, Rudolph P.
year 1996
title Wayfinding in Large-Scale Virtual Worlds
source George Washington University
summary As important as navigation is to human performance in virtual worlds, it is an often overlooked problem in the design process. This dissertation reports an experiment intended to show that real-world wayfinding and environmental design principles are effective in designing virtual worlds which support skilled wayfinding behavior. The design principles are adapted from both the cognitive psychology literature and urban and architectural design methodologies. There are two categories of design principles; those that guide the organizational structure of the environment, and those that guide the use and presentation of maps. The study measures subject performance on a complex searching task in a number of virtual worlds with differing environmental cues. The environments are extremely large and consist of open sea, land, and ships which are used as targets for search tasks. The worlds are augmented with either a radial grid, a map, both, or neither. For each trial, the subject's viewpoint position and orientation was sampled approximately once per second. A verbal protocol with accompanying video was used to elicit information about the search strategies employed. A map drawing exercise followed each trial in order to gain insight to the subject's spatial knowledge (i.e. cognitive map) of the environment. The results show that subjects in the treatment without any additional cues were often disoriented and had extreme difficulty completing the task. The grid was shown to provide superior directional information but both treatments using the map were superior overall due to the geocentric perspective provided. Behaviors associated with each treatment indicate that the cues had a strong effect on both search performance and search strategy. The results suggest that users of large-scale virtual worlds require structure in order to effectively navigate. Augmentations such as direction indicators, maps, and path restriction can all greatly improve both wayfinding performance and overall user satisfaction.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id ecaade2016_102
id ecaade2016_102
authors Decker, Martina, Hahn, George and Harris, Libertad M.
year 2016
title Bio-Enabled Façade Systems - Managing Complexity of Life through Emergent Technologies
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 603-612
summary The abundance of vertical surfaces in urban environments and their use for green installations have been of great interest in the architectural community. This paper discusses how vertical gardens and urban farming can be spurred on and enabled by two emerging fields of investigation: Material Science and the Internet of Things (IoT). This paper discusses how two emerging strategies, smart materials and novel sensing and actuation systems linked to the IoT, can facilitate the creation of a stable environment or zone along architectural facades for the creation of new ecosystems. Furthermore, this paper will contemplate future trajectories for the integration of living matter into buildings and propose an open source database that will facilitate the exchange of collected data and knowledge to spur on further developments.
wos WOS:000402063700065
keywords Microalgae; Nanotechnology; Internet of Things; Bio-Enabled Design; Microcontrollers, Sensors
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id 819d
authors Eiteljorg, H.
year 1988
title Computing Assisted Drafting and Design: new technologies for old problems
source Center for the study of architecture, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
summary In past issues of the Newsletter, George Tressel and I have written about virtual reality and renderings. We have each discussed particular problems with the technology, and both of us mentioned how compelling computer visualizations can be. In my article ("Virtual Reality and Rendering," February, 1995, Vol. 7, no. 4), I indicated my concerns about the quality of the scholarship and the level of detail used in making renderings or virtual worlds. Mr. Tressel (in "Visualizing the Ancient World," November, 1996, Vol. IX, no. 3) wrote about the need to distinguish between real and hypothetical parts of a visualization, the need to differentiate materials, and the difficulties involved in creating the visualizations (some of which were included in the Newsletter in black-and-white and on the Web in color). I am returning to this topic now, in part because the quality of the images available to us is improving so fast and in part because it seems now that neither Mr. Tressel nor I treated all the issues raised by the use of high-quality visualizations. The quality may be illustrated by new images of the older propylon that were created by Mr. Tressel (Figs. 1 - 3); these images are significantly more realistic than the earlier ones, but they do not represent the ultimate in quality, since they were created on a personal computer.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id ijac20032203
id ijac20032203
authors Elvin, George
year 2004
title Integrating Design and Construction with Wearable Computers
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 2 - no. 2
summary Wearable computers can help bridge the gap betweendesign and construction. They can integrate thesetraditionally separate cultures by improving the flowof information between them. Using a wearablecomputer, design and construction personnel can nowexchange design information quickly and continuouslybetween the point of work on the construction siteand the remote design office. The improved iterationbetween design and construction and much strongerconnection between design personnel andconstruction site afforded by wearable computers maypoint the way to a new kind of integratedarchitectural process. In this study, the goal was todetermine the value of wearable computers inintegrating design and construction by measuringspecific performance characteristics.The resultsinclude findings on productivity, rework andcommunication quality. They reveal that wearablecomputers can improve communication quality andreduce rework, but may have an initially negativeimpact on productivity. These findings suggest thatwearable computers may play a key role in futurebuilding projects, helping to bridge the current dividebetween design and construction.
series journal
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id 29bb
authors Fix, George J. and Ernst, Stephan
year 1982
title Finite Element Methods of the Least Squares Type for Regions with Corners
source 15 p. : ill Pittsburgh: Design Research Center, CMU, April, 1982. includes bibliography.
summary This paper treats problems with corner singularities. It is shown that if appropriate weights are used in the least squares formulation, then optimal error estimates can be derived in unweighted L2 norms
keywords computational geometry, finite elements, mathematics
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id ad2e
authors Fix, George J. and Gunzburger, Max D.
year 1982
title On Numerical Methods for Acoustic Problems
source 14 p. : ill. Pittsburgh: Design Research Center, CMU, April, 1982. include bibliography: p. 12
summary Finite element methods are introduced for the approximate solution of periodic acoustic problems. A least squares technique is used for those problems which are governed by a first order system of partial differential equations while for second order equations, a Galerkin/multigrid technique is employed. In both cases, the solution process for the algebraic system resulting from discretization is iterative in character
keywords acoustics, finite elements, mathematics
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id ijac20075206
id ijac20075206
authors Foni, Alessandro E.; Papagiannakis, George; Cadi-Yazli, Nedjma; Magnenat-Thalmann, Nadia
year 2007
title Time-Dependant Illumination and Animation of Virtual Hagia-Sophia
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 2, pp. 284-301
summary This paper presents a case study centered on the virtual restitution and virtual life simulation of a highly complex and endangered heritage edifice: the church of Hagia Sophia, in Istanbul, Turkey. The goal of this article is to describe the techniques used in order to achieve a real time rendering and animation of the selected space and its characters, as well as to point out the challenges and solutions that such a work implies at different stages in production. Most of these issues are focused on the reconstruction of the architecture of the site; however, in order to achieve an accurate simulation, the social aspect is not to be omitted. The importance of a heritage site resides as well in the historical characters and the social interactions that were taking place there: this information allows a better understanding of the function and the importance of the selected site in connection with the cultural aspects of the life at a certain time. In order to strengthen the feeling of immersion in a heritage edifice virtually restituted, it is important to recreate virtual life and describe the timely evolutionary aspects of the edifice as well.
series journal
last changed 2007/08/29 14:23

_id ijac20097102
id ijac20097102
authors Georgopoulos, A.; Ioannidis, C.h.; Chrysostomou, C.h.; Ioakim, S.; Shieittanis, N.; Ioannides, M.
year 2009
title Contemporary Digital Methods for the Geometric Documentation of Churches in Cyprus
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 1, 21-37
summary Recent advances in digital methods incorporating information technology have enabled the traditional surveyor and monument recorder to work faster, more accurately and in an automated way in order to produce advanced digital products, more versatile and more useful to the end users. Such methods include tacheometry, digital photogrammetry, as image-based method, terrestrial laser scanning and the development of specialized software in order to fully exploit the digital data acquisition. Usually, a combination of these methods gives the most efficient cost benefit results, by providing 2D vector and raster products and 3D textured models. In this paper two examples of the implementation of these methods in the geometric documentation of two churches, both significant for the history of Cyprus, are presented. It is concerned with the churches of Virgin Mary (Panayia) Podithou, in Galata and St. George Nikoxylitis in Droushia. The applied methodology, using classical and contemporary techniques of commercial and in-house developed software is presented. Comparative tests for the achieved accuracies and the completeness of each method's products have been made, and their merits and usefulness are explained.
series journal
last changed 2009/06/23 06:07

_id a7b0
authors Gips, J.
year 1979
title Artificial Intelligence
source Environment and Planning B. 1979. vol. 6: pp. 353-364 : ill. includes bibliography
summary The field of artificial intelligence and its subfields of computer vision, games, natural language understanding, speech understanding, mathematics, medicine and robotics is reviewed. The work of George Stiny and the author on design and criticism is discussed briefly in terms of a paradigm of artificial intelligence research
keywords AI
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id 494c
authors Glanville, R.
year 1990
title The Self and the Other: the Purpose of Distinction
source Trappl, R., "Cybernetics and Systems '90" the Proceedings of the European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research, Singapore, World Scientific
summary In this paper, the nature of distinction drawing, in the sense of George Spencer Brown, is examined with special reference to the distinction between the self and the other. It is noted that a distinction, which must draw its self, also requires an other and a transfer distinction, both within a particular distinction and for that distinction to be part of, and that these can generate the purpose of the distinction as becoming, of, by and for itself.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id ascaad2006_paper9
id ascaad2006_paper9
authors Huang, Joseph, C. H.; Robert J. Krawczyk and George Schipporeit
year 2006
title Integrating Mass Customization with Prefabricated Housing
source Computing in Architecture / Re-Thinking the Discourse: The Second International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2006), 25-27 April 2006, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
summary The paper will give an overview of mass customization concepts and how they can be applied to prefabricated modular housing. By collecting and evaluating client’s requirements with web technology, a methodology can be developed that can generate design options based on the client’s needs and available modular components in the market, and simulate the final design before beginning manufacturing. In this proposed model, a process of providing masscustomized prefab housing based on computer-aided design and a web-based product configuration system will be presented.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id acadia08_026
id acadia08_026
authors Jeronimidis, George
year 2008
title Bioinspiration For Engineering And Architecture: Materials—Structures—Function
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 26-33
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id caadria2006_203
id caadria2006_203
year 2006
source CAADRIA 2006 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Kumamoto (Japan) March 30th - April 2nd 2006, 203-208
summary By collecting and evaluating client’s requirements with web technology, a methodology can be developed that can generate design options based on the client’s needs and available modular components in the market, and simulate the final design before beginning manufacturing. In this proposed model, a process of providing mass-customized prefabricated housing based on computer-aided design and a web-based product configuration system will be presented. How prefabricated housing design can be evolved from a mass repetitive production level to a mass customization level to meet variability and personality is the primary issue to be explored in this research.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2006/04/17 16:48

_id cf2017_043
id cf2017_043
authors Jowers, Iestyn; Earl, Chris; Stiny, George
year 2017
title Shape Computations without Compositions
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, p. 43.
summary Parametric CAD supports design explorations through generative methods which compose and transform geometric elements. This paper argues that elementary shape computations do not always correspond to valid compositional shape structures. In many design cases generative rules correspond to compositional structures, but for relatively simple shapes and rules it is not always possible to assign a corresponding compositional structure of parts which account for all operations of the computation. This problem is brought into strong relief when design processes generate multiple compositions according to purpose, such as product structure, assembly, manufacture, etc. Is it possible to specify shape computations which generate just these compositions of parts or are there additional emergent shapes and features? In parallel, combining two compositions would require the associated combined computations to yield a valid composition. Simple examples are presented which throw light on the issues in integrating different product descriptions (i.e. compositions) within parametric CAD.
keywords Shape Computation, Composition, Embedding, Parametric CAD
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2017/12/01 13:37

_id 880f
authors Kaler, George M., Jr.
year 1990
title Embedded Expert System Development for Monitoring Packaged HVAC Equipment
source ASHRAE Transactions (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers). 1990. vol. 96: [9] p. : ill. includes bibliography
summary This paper describes the development of a real-time embedded expert system for evaluating the performance of an HVAC unit at any point in time and for the automatic diagnosis of potential fault conditions. The paper discusses some of the considerations that were addressed in the design of the product and summarize several case study
keywords expert systems, HVAC, applications
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

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