CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id 6737
authors Casaus, A., Fargas, J. and Papuzian, P.
year 1993
title Hybrid Design Environments - A Research Program on Creative Collaboration and Communication
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary This paper gives an overview of a research program initiated in the Architectural Design Department of the Escola Tècnica Superior d'Arquitectura de Barcelona on issues of communication and collaboration in computer aided design. The work is centered around emerging design situations which can be attributed directly to the incorporation of new technologies in education and practice. One of these is the "design triangle" composed of a traditional designer, a CAD workstation and a computer literate collaborator acting as the design medium. Another is the "virtual workshop" consisting of design collaboration involving large-scale distributed communications networks. The research program stresses three common characteristics of these situations which it aims to study in parallel in the setting of an design workshop. The first of these is the characteristic of distance, both physical and conceptual, which separates, on the one hand, the traditional designer from the CAD document and, on the other, the participants of a distributed workshop from each other and each others' thinking. The second, is the typically hybrid nature of such situations where computer technology interacts with more traditional techniques and alternative media are combined both at the level of production and in channels and modes of communication. And finally, the third and most significant for the methodology of the research program, is the fact that both the design triangle and the virtual workshop make explicit aspects of design activity, interaction and intentions which remain hidden or are only implicit in traditional designing.

series eCAADe
email cajatic@libero.it
last changed 2003/05/16 19:27

_id ecaade2013_126
id ecaade2013_126
authors Castro e Costa, Eduardo and Duarte, José Pinto
year 2013
title Tableware Shape Grammar
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 635-644
wos WOS:000340643600066
summary Mass customization is pointed as a means of improving a company’s competitiveness, which is an essential trait in Europe’s economic situation of today. This paper reports a mockup implementation of the mass customization paradigm to ceramic tableware design, through the use of shape grammars, parametric modelling and rapid prototyping. Focus is emphasized on the initial development of a parametric shape grammar as a design system, operating on curved surfaces and solids. Mapping operations are suggested for dealing with the formal complexity of these shapes. This initial academic experiment poses as a first step into the development of a mass customization system that is expected to meet industry standards.
keywords Mass customization; ceramic tableware; generative design; shape grammars; rapid prototyping.
series eCAADe
email castroecosta@fa.utl.pt
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 88c5
authors Caturano, U.
year 1993
title A Proposal of Iconic Map on Computer Aided Architectural Design: 3DIMCAAD
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary During the development of my graduation thesis I had to propose a subdivision of informatics technologies for architectural design into several research fields, each of them characterized by specific aims. This kind of subdivision was originally configured as an orientation tool inside the wide CAAD discipline, and only in a second time it took the features of a complete organization layout in which it is understandable not only the position of each single discipline in comparison with the others but, above all, the connections and interactions between them. The model, obtained as the result of many handlings but undefined yet, has been named 3DIMCaad (3 Dimensional Iconic Map on Computer Aided Architectural Design) and, in according to an initial hypothesis it could be regarded as a map of the sectors pointed out by my proposal, in fact, it is a iconic model of the connections and differences between the informatic main topics that I analysed. Every main topic is represented by a spheric nucleus linked to the others by a connection line (the ''pipe''), the dimension of which, quite generous, makes the observer understand the numerous interactions and exchange presents if two main topics are linked.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 09:00

_id cbe7
authors Caturano, Umberto and Sanseverino di Marcellinara, Carlo
year 1993
title Solid Modelling by Low-cost Hardware and Software: The Crystal Palace's Node
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary This paper describes the approach to the solid modelling by low-cost hardware and software, developed by a workgroup composed by staff members, young researchers and students of the University of Naples - Faculty of Architecture. The work was born in need of exposing to the students the project of Crystal Palace, designed in 1850 by J. Paxton, and used in the Italian universities as an example of first prefabrication by components and the organization of the yard. Using commercial programs and the students' computers, we had done a 3D model of the Crystal Palace's structural node, making an interesting experience based on the cooperation between university structures and private resources.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 08:29

_id ddss9810
id ddss9810
authors Celebi, Gulser
year 1998
title Development of a Building System
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary The universal principle of architecture can be defined as follows: “The architectural product is the synthesis of the different man-made physical environments that are formed by locating the series of building components in different ways”. Within this context; it is necessary to determine the principle of building assembly and the assembly of ‘material components’ in order to produce the building. The material components are the elements of sub systems (such as; structural, envelope, services, partitions, circulation, and finishing systems) which form the building system of an architectural product. Every building is an integrated product. Integration defines the relations of sub systems with the whole. Therefore, it is necessary to define the sub systems and their relations in realizing the architectural product. This paper presents the analysis principles of the sub-systems, relationship between the analyzed systems and components, integration principles and possibilities of them, and the future conditions.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ddss9417
id ddss9417
authors Chan, Chiu-Shui
year 1994
title A Hypermedia Tutoring for Multimedia Tasks
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary Using a computer or a software package involves procedural knowledge, or knowledge of a series of instructions. When a user recognizes the appropriate computer commands (the method) in acertain application, it is assumed that the user is capable of doing a computer-related or computeraided task. Based on this assumption, the current project explores methods of developing a computer tutoring system to convey know-how efficiently. The purpose of the project is to make novices familiar with machines and with techniques of handling multimedia for presenting design concepts. A teaching tool is designed that combines images, sounds, and movements to create an effective learning environment. The tool is a hypermedia system consisting of different software and hardware components implemented in the HyperCard. How to manipulate different media will be taught by means of cross-references, graphic display, text explanations, and background music. Hopefully, this project will suggest some useful methods for teaching CAD to novice computer users.
series DDSS
email cschan@iastate.edu
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ddss9418
id ddss9418
authors Chan, Chiu-Shui
year 1994
title Style: Approach From a Cognitive Point of View
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary This research sets up a theory about style from a cognitive point of view. It has been observed that the constant applications of some factors in a design process constitute the formation of a style. Those factors included design constraints, search methods, goals, and the sequential order of applying them. A style may result from certain actions and interactions of these factors. And because of the constant applications of the factors, constant forms by which a style is manifested . The contents of the factors determine the expression of a style which can be imitated and changed from time , whereas the quantities of the factors determine the degree of a style. Thus, this theory provides, explanations about the cause, the degree, the change and the imitation of style.
series DDSS
email cschan@iastate.edu
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id c81f
authors Chandansing, R.A. and Vos, C.J.
year 1991
title IT - Use in Reinforced Concrete Detailing : The Current State, a Forecasting-Model, and a Future-Concept
source The Computer Integrated Future, CIB W78 Seminar. september, 1991. Unnumbered : ill., tables. includes bibliography
summary This paper describes the current state in the Netherlands, concerning the levels of CAD-systems used, their diffusion in practice and constraints and effects of their use for reinforced concrete detailing. An initial forecasting model for the further development of IT in the concrete construction industry and a future-concept for IT-use in reinforced concrete detailing are presented as well
keywords CAD, structures, engineering, building, practice, systems, detailing, construction
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id ddssar0005
id ddssar0005
authors Cheng, Nancy Yen-wen and Kvan, Thomas
year 2000
title Design collaboration strategies
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fifth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings (Nijkerk, the Netherlands)
summary How can we best use computer technology to facilitate remote design teamwork? From looking at virtual studio collaborations, we propose that multiple solutions exist rather than a single one. In examining both published results and own student projects, we identify the following factors to be considered in finding the best fit between technology and group design: 1) Collaborators’ profiles; 2) Mutual value of produced information; 3) Collaboration structure and 4) Logistical opportunities
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id 0b24
authors Chilton, J.C., Wester, T. and Yu, J.
year 1993
title Exploring Structural Morphology Using CAD
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary Often in the design process the student's imagination is restricted by their inability to visualise, model or accurately sketch ideas for innovative structural systems. By using CAD as a design tool it is possible to explore the morphology of complex structures and to be able to produce perspective drawings of them with relative ease. Within AutoCAD there is a small library of standard three-dimensional objects and surfaces that can be called upon to generate more complex forms. However, to further facilitate the architectural design process, an extended library of innovative structural forms would allow the professional designer, or student, greater design freedom and any increase in the palette of structural forms available should stimulate creativity. As practical examples, the paper describes how students have been encouraged to experiment with the use of structures which can only be physically modelled with difficulty and which are also difficult to represent on the two- dimensional surface of the drawing board unless the geometry has previously been determined by the methods described. These are (i) Reciprocal Frame three-dimensional beam grillage structures and (ii) plate domes created from lattice structures by point-to- plane duality. The problem, of representation of these structures has been overcome, in the first case, by generating AutoLISP procedures to draw the complex three-dimensional geometrical form automatically in AutoCAD and, in the second case, by the development of the computer program CADual.

series eCAADe
email John.Chilton@nottingham.ac.uk
last changed 1998/08/24 09:08

_id ddss9419
id ddss9419
authors Choukry, Maha
year 1994
title Knowledge Acquisition by Measurement: The Domain of Building Change
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary This paper presents a study that is aimed at finding a basis for systematic knowledge acquisition. More specifically, it attempts to introduce, knowledge acquisition by measurement: a method thatallows objective evaluation of empirical observations. Measurement has proven to be a significant tool to acquire, evaluate, and upgrade knowledge in some knowledge domains. In other domains,such as the domain of building change, measurement is barely subject of study. Building change knowledge acquisition by measurement seems to become a significant subject of study for several reasons: (i) increase our objective knowledge of previous building changes, (ii) allow systematic monitoring of present changes, and (iii) assist decisions planning for change in new buildings. In current studies, questions such as what were required changes, what were the building elements that fulfilled a change, how often did a building change, and what were the costs related to a change, often get no systematic or objective answers. Hence, to overcome that, I am concerned with finding a method that is to answer the following questions: 1) What is the domain of building change; 2) Is a method of knowledge acquisition by measurement adequate to represent buildingchanges; 3) Can empirical observations of building change be systematically represented and objectively evaluated using this method; and 4) How can this method be applied to assist theunderstanding of previous changes, the control of present changes, and assist planning for building change. The method introduced is based on three modules: (i) domain of building change; (ii) modelling this domain; and (iii) measurement. These three modules enable the formulation of the measurement of building change, namely the change indicator. Multiple change indicators, such as cost change indicator, or occurrence change indicator can measure empirical observations ofbuilding change. Sequential steps that lead to the development of this method start by section 1, where the domain of building change is specified. In section 2 this domain is modelled, and in section 3, knowledge acquisition by measurement method is introduced. A case study, shows how empirical building changes can be measured is explained in section 4. In section 5, three possible applications are introduced, and in section 6, I explain how a computerized prototype would enhance the efficiency of using such applications. Findings and conclusions resulting from this study are summarized in section 7.
series DDSS
email bwrbmc@urc.tue.nl
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id 6e73
id 6e73
authors Christiaans, H. and Restrepo, J.
year 2001
title INFORMATION PROCESSING IN DESIGN: A THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL PERSPECTIVE
source Achten, H.H., de Vries, B. and Hennessey, J. (eds). Design Research in the Netherlands 2000, 63-73
series book
type normal paper
email H.H.Achten@tue.nl
more http://www.designresearch.nl/PDF/DRN2000_Christiaans_Restrepo.pdf
last changed 2005/10/12 13:34

_id ddss9420
id ddss9420
authors Christie, Colin Ian
year 1994
title User Interfaces and Systems for Remote Design Working on ISDN Systems
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary This paper will discuss the requirements and possible configurations of user interfaces suitable for remote working multi-disciplinary design practices. Telecom companies throughout Europe are making heavy investments in digital communication technology (ISDN). The networks being created will form a standard method of high speed data transfer which can be readily accessed by any computer hardware platform. There are great opportunities for remote working by design groups, not simply sharing data but also interactive working and video communications. Digital communications provide the electronic arterial system to the new field of remote computing,whilst cheap and effective hardware and software support systems provide readily usable platforms on which to build remote multi-disciplinary design practices where the exploitation of specialistknowledge and skills is not limited by traditional methods of communication. ISDN networks allow real time video, voice and design software interaction - indeed, everything except the designer's physical presence. However as with all computer technology and indeed communications technology the user interface which gives access and control is vitally important. The user interface should provide the following features: be transparent to the user and simple and reliable to operate; allow an interactive window/s into the remote site's design information whatever the type of application being dealt with; carry out data compression, file transfer and file management procedures with minimum input from the user; cause no conflicts with design software or secondary applications;be able to access different platforms.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ecaade2013_061
id ecaade2013_061
authors Ciftcioglu, Ozer and Bittermann, Michael S.
year 2013
title Fusion of Perceptions in Architectural Design
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 335-344
wos WOS:000340643600034
summary A method for fusion of perceptions is presented. It is based on probabilistic treatment of perception, where perception quantifies the chance an unbiased observer sees an environmental object, and the associated probability can be interpreted as degree of awareness for the object. The approach uniquely accounts for the fact that final realization or remembrance of a scene in the brain may be absent or elusive, so that it is subject to probabilistic considerations. For objects that are to be perceived from multiple viewpoints, such as a sculpture in a museum, or a building in its urban context, the probabilistic approach uniquely defines the fusion of perceptions. This is accomplished by carrying out the probabilistic union of events. The computation is presented together with its geometric implications, which become rather intricate for multiple observers, whereas the computation is straight forward. The method is exemplified for two applications in architectural design at different scales, namely interior and urban design, indicating the generic nature as well as the large application potential of the method.
keywords Perception; vision modeling; architectural design; evolutionary search.
series eCAADe
email m.s.bittermann@tudelft.nl
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ddssar0006
id ddssar0006
authors Ciftcioglu, Ö., Durmisevic, S. and Sariyildiz, S.
year 2000
title Multi-objective design for space layout topology
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fifth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings (Nijkerk, the Netherlands)
summary A novel method to produce space layout topologies for architectural design is described. From the uniformly distributed design solutions in the solution space the corresponding design requirements are computed according to a given norm and metric function. The system is based on graph representation of the layout so that the desired relations between the pairs of nodes are considered to be independent variables of appropriate series of multivariable functions mapping the requirements into the solution space. The system so established is used as a knowledge-base for robust layout design where knowledge base having been established, the layout design requirements are introduced to the system as design constraints and the output is identified in the multidimensional solution space by means of interpolation. Since the smoothness of the interpolation is guaranteed, robust design layout, in the form of node locations, is obtained.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id af70
authors Coates, Paul and Yakeley, Megan
year 1993
title Function Follows Form: A Description of the Work and Educational Objectives of the MSc in Computing & Design at the University of East London School of Architecture
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary This paper demonstrates the approach to Architectural education that has been developed over the last 3 years on the MSc Computing & Design course at the University of East London. Although the course deals exclusively in computer based topics, the main concern is primarily with developing a design methodology and a way of teaching design method, more particularly an algorithmic description of form. Rule based design, emergent form and bottom up approaches to design have become fashionable to the point of ubiquity in the last 5 years, but we like to think that only at UEL have these concerns been linked to a consistent view of design.
series eCAADe
email m.yakeley@manchester.ac.uk
last changed 1998/08/24 09:07

_id ecaade2013_158
id ecaade2013_158
authors Cohen, Itai; Turrin, Michela; Heinzelmann, Florian and Welzner, Ivo
year 2013
title The Human Factor – Introducing Game Mechanics to Computerized Home Automation Systems
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 175-184
wos WOS:000340635300017
summary A method of integration of game mechanics and game dynamics into a user interface for a home automation system as means of reducing the inhabitant’s environmental footprint is described and detailed up to the point of proof of concept. In detail, the paper describes the game framework and the method in which the competitive game could be balanced between different dwellings to ensure a fair game. A unique and intuitive method of control via smartphone is described that aims at making the interaction with the device and game more intrusive and friendly. This method is prototyped and tested to the stage of proof of concept.
keywords Gamification; domotics; user interface; domestic energy reduction; layered reality.
series eCAADe
email i@itai.co
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_018
id ecaade2013_018
authors Coimbra, Eugénio and Romão, Luís
year 2013
title The Rehabilitation Design Process of the Bourgeois House of Oporto: Shape Grammar Simplification
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 677-685
wos WOS:000340643600070
summary This study was accomplished in the context of a broader research to be developed in an ongoing PhD program in architecture. The purpose of this study is to give a perspective of the research progress and to present a shape grammar simplification that will be improved to assist the rehabilitation design process of the bourgeois house of Oporto.The typology of the bourgeois house of Oporto, built from the late sixteenth century until the early twentieth century, is dominant in the ancient fabric of the city and in need of rehabilitation. From the analysis of a representative sample of a moment of its evolution, it is possible to verify patterns and to define rules.This first approach intends to validate the use of shape grammars as a tool, able to assist the architect in the rehabilitation design process of the bourgeois house of Oporto.
keywords Design process; rehabilitation; shape grammars.
series eCAADe
email eugeniocoimbra@iol.pt
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ddssar0207
id ddssar0207
authors Conti, G. and Ucelli, G.
year 2002
title A Java3D Tool for Real-Time Collaboration in a Virtual Reality CAADEnvironment
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Sixth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings Avegoor, the Netherlands), 2002
summary Today the development of network-based virtual communities and the use of avatars have brought a new level of complexity to the meaning of virtuality, providing the technology for remote presence and collaborative experiences. In this project the intention was to pursue this articulated vision of VR in order to assist the design profession during the early stages of the design process. The objective was to provide a tool that is capable of creating 3D shapes in a shared VR environment, thus allowing thedesign and its evolution to be shared. The use of the Java programming language was a natural choice for this project. Because of Java’s performance scalability and hardware independence the concept ofCAAD has been extended, making it possible to create a VR environment that can co-exist between high-end supercomputers and standard PCs. The project is currently being tested using PCs and an SGI system running a Reality Centre. The research reported in this paper describes the architecture and application of software that aims to increase the opportunity for collaboration within virtual worlds and enable effective and transparent information exchange.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ddss9812
id ddss9812
authors Coomans, M.K.D. and Timmermans, H.J.P.
year 1998
title A VR-User Interface for Design by Features
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary We present the design of a Virtual Reality based user interface (VR-UI). It is the interface for the VR-DIS system, a design application for the Building and Construction industry (VRDIS stands for Virtual Reality - Design Information System). The interface is characterised by a mixedrepresentation of the task domain: an analogue “mock-up view” is being integrated with a descriptive “feature view”. It uses a Fish Tank VR configuration which integrates the virtual objects in the designer’s normal working environment. The issues underlying the design of the feature view are discussed, as well as the choice of input devices.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

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