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_id cf2005_1_54_91
id cf2005_1_54_91
authors CANEPARO Luca, MASALA Elena and ROBIGLIO Matteo
year 2005
title Dynamic Generative Modelling System for Urban and Regional Design
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 259-268
summary This paper introduces a dynamic generative modelling system for urban and regional design. Through dynamic modelling the system evolves in time according to the interactions of the planners, decision-makers and citizens. On the basis of several synchronous and/or asynchronous user interactions, models are dynamically generated at run time. The models are built by defining the data (datasets) and the actions to perform on that data (tasks). The system reads and correlates data at urban and regional scale from various authorities to generate dynamic datasets. Tasks are especially powerful when they integrate generative procedures in a hierarchical structure. This allows us to model urban and regional dynamics through the interaction of tasks at micro- and macro-scale. Tasks can also implement either Cellular Automata or software agents. We examine the system application to a case project: the simulation of micro- and macro-dynamics in an Alpine valley, with specific challenges to fit competitive and sustainable growth in a landscape quality perspective. The simulation in spatial and temporal dimensions of regional data provided us with the elements to study the territorial evolution over the next twenty years. Four strategies gave as many scenarios highlighting the results of specific policies.
keywords large-scale modelling, participatory design, GIS, software agent, datascape
series CAAD Futures
email elena.masala@polito.it
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id cf2005_1_33_194
id cf2005_1_33_194
authors HE Jie, TSOU Jin Yeu, XUE Yucai and CHOW Benny
year 2005
title A Visual Landscape Assessment Approach for High-density Urban Development
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 125-134
summary The rapid developments of economy and urbanization bring great pressure to natural environment and resources, which contribute big challenge to sustainable urban development in high-density urban areas like Hong Kong, China and many other Eastern Asia cities. In these areas, protecting natural landscape resources and enhancing visibility to urban spaces and residential zones has become significant in improving the livability of human settlement. This paper presents a new approach in assessing the visual quality in high-density urban environment. The principal methodology is to quantitatively integrate human visual perception parameters with the visible landscape resources' characteristics. GIS is employed as the database and technical platform. A residential development in Hong Kong was used as a case study. The approach provides decision making support to urban planning, site layout design, and estate management during the early stage of the schematic design/planning process.
keywords visual perception, visual quality assessment, urban planning, GIS
series CAAD Futures
email hejie@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id caadria2005_a_7c_d
id caadria2005_a_7c_d
authors Jin Yeu Tsou, Jie He, Yucai Xue
year 2005
title An Open Space with Scenery: ‘Greenscape Index’ for Performance Based Planning of High Density Urban Habitation
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 328-334
summary This paper presents an improvement of the original openness ratio concept, which has been formulated as an integrated index for early-stage urban open space planning and design support. The ‘greenscape index’ is a rating system which quantitatively integrates human visual perception with the visible landscape resources to evaluate the visual quality of open space vision within high-density urban environment. This new index is expected to provide more comprehensive environmental performance consideration criteria for urban planning and design. The research team also discusses the potential of the introducing this index to assess both psychological preference and physical form of urban open spaces. The new concept also has shown its feasibility on integrating key environmental considerations in visual sensitivity, urban wind, urban noise and solar heat gain into simple massing study which is applicable in the preliminary planning stage.
series CAADRIA
email jinyeutsou@cuhk.edu.hk, hejie@cuhk.edu.hk, xueyucai@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id sigradi2005_645
id sigradi2005_645
authors Sanza, Paolo; Awilda Rodríguez
year 2005
title Digital windows: enhancing spatial experiences with digital technology
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 645-648
summary Understanding the emotional effects that images have in human behavior, this paper explores the effect of digital visualization in enhancing the comprehension and inhabitation of physical spaces. Similarly to the ephemeral character of an advertisement campaign, it is possible to continuously mutate selected surfaces of contained environments, creating digital windows. What is being digitally projected onto these surfaces can be programmed to respond to specific therapeutic, functional or aesthetic parameters. Digital windows are dynamic in nature and are free of capturing solely limited portion of a surrounding landscape. They do not, however, replace physical windows or the connection with the physical world, but rather are meant to complementing them and augment spatial experiences.
series SIGRADI
email paolo.sanza@okstate.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id ddss2006-hb-187
id DDSS2006-HB-187
authors Lidia Diappi and Paola Bolchi
year 2006
title Gentrification Waves in the Inner-City of Milan - A multi agent / cellular automata model based on Smith's Rent Gap theory
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) 2006, Innovations in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Dordrecht: Springer, ISBN-10: 1-4020-5059-3, ISBN-13: 978-1-4020-5059-6, p. 187-201
summary The aim of this paper is to investigate the gentrification process by applying an urban spatial model of gentrification, based on Smith's (1979; 1987; 1996) Rent Gap theory. The rich sociological literature on the topic mainly assumes gentrification to be a cultural phenomenon, namely the result of a demand pressure of the suburban middle and upper class, willing to return to the city (Ley, 1980; Lipton, 1977, May, 1996). Little attempt has been made to investigate and build a sound economic explanation on the causes of the process. The Rent Gap theory (RGT) of Neil Smith still represents an important contribution in this direction. At the heart of Smith's argument there is the assumption that gentrification takes place because capitals return to the inner city, creating opportunities for residential relocation and profit. This paper illustrates a dynamic model of Smith's theory through a multi-agent/ cellular automata system approach (Batty, 2005) developed on a Netlogo platform. A set of behavioural rules for each agent involved (homeowner, landlord, tenant and developer, and the passive 'dwelling' agent with their rent and level of decay) are formalised. The simulations show the surge of neighbouring degradation or renovation and population turn over, starting with different initial states of decay and estate rent values. Consistent with a Self Organized Criticality approach, the model shows that non linear interactions at local level may produce different configurations of the system at macro level. This paper represents a further development of a previous version of the model (Diappi, Bolchi, 2005). The model proposed here includes some more realistic factors inspired by the features of housing market dynamics in the city of Milan. It includes the shape of the potential rent according to city form and functions, the subdivision in areal submarkets according to the current rents, and their maintenance levels. The model has a more realistic visualisation of the city and its form, and is able to show the different dynamics of the emergent neighbourhoods in the last ten years in Milan.
keywords Multi agent systems, Housing market, Gentrification, Emergent systems
series DDSS
last changed 2006/08/29 10:55

_id ecaade2011_122
id ecaade2011_122
authors Chronis, Angelos; Jagannath, Prarthana; Siskou, Vasiliki Aikaterini; Jones, Jonathan
year 2011
title Sensing digital co-presence and digital identity: Visualizing the Bluetooth landscape of the City of Bath
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.87-92
wos WOS:000335665500009
summary The impact of ubiquitous digital technologies on the analysis and synthesis of our urban environment is undoubtedly great. The urban topography is overlaid by an invisible, yet very tangible digital topography that is increasingly affecting our urban life. As W. J. Mitchell (Mitchell 2005) pointed out, the digital revolution has filled our world with “electronic instruments of displacement” that “embed the virtual in the physical, and weave it seamlessly into daily urban life”. The mobile phone, the most integrated mobile device is closely related to the notion of a digital identity, our personal identity on this digital space. The Bluetooth is the mainly used direct communication protocol between mobile phones today and in this scope, each device has its own unique ID, its “MAC address”. This paper investigates the potential use of recording and analysing Bluetooth enabled devices in the urban scale in understanding the interrelation between the physical and the digital topographies.
keywords Pervasive systems; digital presence; urban encounter; digital identity
series eCAADe
email angelos.chronis.09@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2005_535
id sigradi2005_535
authors Costa, Lucia Maria S.A .; Yuri Queiroz Abreu Torres, Erivelton Muniz da Silva, Leonardo Ventapane, Ana Lucia Cordeiro Luz
year 2005
title Carioca urban waters: digital representations
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 535-539
summary The main objective of this paper is to discuss the value of digital graphic representation as a tool to display research findings in Landscape Architecture and Urban Design. This is discussed through the presentation of a web site named Águas Urbanas Cariocas. The paper, after briefly presenting the research context, explains the process of the making of the site, highlighting its main aspects. It concludes arguing the value of graphic representation as one of the ways of interacting different knowledges. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email lcosta@acd.ufrj.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id caadria2005_b_3c_c
id caadria2005_b_3c_c
authors Jawaid Haider, Theodor Wyeld, Peter Scriver
year 2005
title On the Pedagogical Benefits of Incorporating Digital Media in the Teaching of Architectural History and Theory
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 109-115
summary This paper reports on the use of physical and digital media in a history and theories of twentieth century architecture and landscape course. An electronic bulletin board (ebb) was used to generate an open forum for critical dialogue on textual, physical, and digital media. It gave teachers and students the ability to observe the course in new ways. Student interactions with the ebb transformed a culture of hidden collaboration to an open exchange of ideas and concepts. Of particular interest here is the use of 3-D digital composing tools (VRML) that provided a simple, but powerful way to visualize ideas which physical representation often could not. This approach instilled a philosophy of linking design and theory, where history and theory are seen as a body of knowledge consciously brought to bear on design practice.
series CAADRIA
email jxh40@psu.edu
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id caadria2005_a_8a_a
id caadria2005_a_8a_a
authors Jixi Ai, Shike Li, Gebing Wei
year 2005
title Digital Method for Landscape Evaluation: Taking The Lesser Three Gorges for example
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 363-375
summary Landscape in narrow sense means a set of multiple features about topography, landforms, scenery and etc., and it is in accord to general people, especially their visual experience and psychological cognition, and acceptable too by architects and planners. The paper presents a digital method aimed the type of river valley landscape and several key quantitative indexes. The writers have taken the Lesser Three Gorges for an example to evaluate its value in landscape, and shown this method available and useful.
series CAADRIA
email aijixi@cqu.edu.cn, aijixi@yahoo.com.cn
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id sigradi2005_037
id sigradi2005_037
authors Maciel, Mario
year 2005
title Interactive virtual art
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 37-41
summary The interactivity presumes behavior action events exercised mutually between machines, between digital information and persons, between two or more persons, machines and digital information in real time. Nelson Max presented in Paris the first interactive landscape in 1983. The pioneer of scientific image was Ivan Sutherland, researcher of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Another fundamental reference is Sonia Sheridan that invented a system where the user could modify the original image and visualize the result in real time. In Brazil, as well as in the outside, artists in assembly with scientists, see developing works computacionais with resorts of immersion and interatividade. Like this, in that search of new references, the text presents initially the main concepts about interactive virtual art and analyzes two important expositions: Emoção Art.Ficial 2.0 and Maior ou igual a 4D: computer art interactive. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email suzetev@unb.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id d2a9
id d2a9
authors PAPADIMITRIOU Kimon, KOUZELEAS Stelios
year 2005
title A METHOD FOR REAL TIME SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOUND VIA MODELING IN A CAD ENVIRONMENT, BASED ON ACOUSTICAL MEASUREMENTS
source 14th European Colloquium on Theoretical and Quantitative Geography,September 9-13, 2005, Tomar, Portugal
summary Typical modeling systems for spatial analysis employ data that represent the visual part of a landscape (e.g. relief and morphology), combined with other data about specific attributes (depending on the aims of an application). Thus, in a modeling environment, each place is described by a variety of properties that are not always visible. More of those “hidden” properties require special sensors and/or instruments to be captured and sometimes make their presence evident through human senses, such is sound. The present study takes advantage of wide spread technologies (such as GPS, VHF telecommunications and field sensors) and methodologies that are commonly used in telegeoprocessing – telegeomonitoring in order to simulate an existing acoustic environment. The aim is to acquire real time data about the sound (referenced to a particular area) and manipulate them in a CAD environment with purpose to visualize the sound influence in a specific landscape. Specifically it is proposed a method that transfers spatial data (collected from the field), directly into a modeling system (in the office, or in situ). In sequence the data is processed adequately to feed the modeling system that describes the current sound intensity of a place.
keywords Environmental Simulation, Soundscape, Real-time data acquisition, Real-time 3D modeling
series other
type normal paper
email stelios_kouzeleas@yahoo.fr
more http://e-geo.fcsh.unl.pt/ectqg2005/
last changed 2005/10/25 09:10

_id 2005_737
id 2005_737
authors Petschek, Peter
year 2005
title GPS rt 3d p – GPS and Real-time 3D Planning
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 737-741
summary GPS is the abbreviation for NAVSTAR GPS, which stands for Navigation System with Time And Ranging Global Positioning System. RT means Real Time. The research project is looking at the application of GPS and RT in Landscape Architecture.
keywords Global Positioning System, Real Time
series eCAADe
email peter.petschek@hsr.ch
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id caadria2005_a_8a_b
id caadria2005_a_8a_b
authors Riken Homma, Kazuhisa Iki, Ryouichi Ise
year 2005
title Development of the knowledge-sharing sheet system for landscape design management
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 376-386
summary In a public design, such as a landscape, it is important that the information on the design process be shared among the planners, the administration, and the citizens, and to continue the design work with consensus. A landscape design proposal cannot be reasonably evaluated from only the result of a design since the decision making process would not be sufficiently explained. Therefore, designers are required to record and store several design documents during the design process. The development of a knowledge management technique is desirable in order to facilitate the sharing of the project information in the designer’s group. The authors have researched knowledge management in a landscape design process, developed a heuristic knowledge-sharing tool that aids decision-making by consensus in a design process. This tool is a sheet system based on XML (extensible markup language). It allows the user to retrieve knowledge from a similar design project, and to customize the formats of a sheet according to the design process.
series CAADRIA
email homma@ge.kumamoto-u.ac.jp
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id caadria2005_a_8a_c
id caadria2005_a_8a_c
authors Ruei-Wen Tsai, Teng-Wen Chang
year 2005
title Land forming while you are on site
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 387-397
summary In landscape architecture design, land forming is the key to trigger many design concepts. However, the design media we currently used doesn’t provide suitable data or better visual feedback to designers when they are on site. In this paper, we develop a framework as well as a ubiquitous device called MODA comprised of five components. They are sensors, representation, display/viewing, motion and control that result from behaviors observation and analysis. According to the framework, a practical example of landform design is conducted and examined with one version of MODA combining both hardware and software.
series CAADRIA
email totoro@arch.nctu.edu.tw, tengwen@yuntech.edu.tw
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id sigradi2005_760
id sigradi2005_760
authors Souza, Thiago Leitão de; José Ripper Kós
year 2005
title Multimedia Panorama: tool for the development of the design discipline
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 760-764
summary This article intends to investigate the use of Multimedia-Panorama as a tool within the design studios in schools of architecture. We assume that Multimedia-Panorama can bring significant contributions to design studios. It can follow all design process stages: the recognition and analysis of the site and surrounding landscape; the organization of references; the first idea and its conception; the development of the project; and its final presentation. The strenght of panoramas in design studios is particularly enhanced by interactivity. This paper aims to demonstrate new possibilities in the association of panorama’s space recognition characteristic to the architecture design process. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email leitao.thiago@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id sigradi2005_806
id sigradi2005_806
authors Torres, Gerson J. M
year 2005
title Modeling and visualizing the architectural project and their relationship with the nature and the environment using Biocad and CAACD: Computer Architectural Aided Climatic Design
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 806-810
summary Architecture is built in artificial and natural environments, some are real others are virtual. Until now, CAAD, CAD, and 3D modeling and simulation software have not included the environment and are therefore limited to imprecise representations. This challenges the algorithmic complexity of the software that simulates elements of nature, air, natural and artificial light using techniques of radiosity and raytracing. Today, CAACD (Computer Architectural Aided Climate Design) software needs information like geographic location, atmospheric and climatic conditions of the place to use it in conceptual decisions during the design process and to be able to guarantee environmental comfort in the project. This situation has provided me, together with professors and postgraduate students in the discipline of landscape architecture, with the fundamental framework for my study, namely: The virtual construction of a region, including digital representation of the built environment and the tropical flora. This paper describes the basic methodology used in such a process. [Full paper in Spanish]
series SIGRADI
email gerson@univalle.edu.co
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id cf2011_p170
id cf2011_p170
authors Barros, Mário; Duarte José, Chaparro Bruno
year 2011
title Thonet Chairs Design Grammar: a Step Towards the Mass Customization of Furniture
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 181-200.
summary The paper presents the first phase of research currently under development that is focused on encoding Thonet design style into a generative design system using a shape grammar. The ultimate goal of the work is the design and production of customizable chairs using computer assisted tools, establishing a feasible practical model of the paradigm of mass customization (Davis, 1987). The current research step encompasses the following three steps: (1) codification of the rules describing Thonet design style into a shape grammar; (2) implementing the grammar into a computer tool as parametric design; and (3) rapid prototyping of customized chair designs within the style. Future phases will address the transformation of the Thonet’s grammar to create a new style and the production of real chair designs in this style using computer aided manufacturing. Beginning in the 1830’s, Austrian furniture designer Michael Thonet began experimenting with forming steam beech, in order to produce lighter furniture using fewer components, when compared with the standards of the time. Using the same construction principles and standardized elements, Thonet produced different chairs designs with a strong formal resemblance, creating his own design language. The kit assembly principle, the reduced number of elements, industrial efficiency, and the modular approach to furniture design as a system of interchangeable elements that may be used to assemble different objects enable him to become a pioneer of mass production (Noblet, 1993). The most paradigmatic example of the described vision of furniture design is the chair No. 14 produced in 1858, composed of six structural elements. Due to its simplicity, lightness, ability to be stored in flat and cubic packaging for individual of collective transportation, respectively, No. 14 became one of the most sold chairs worldwide, and it is still in production nowadays. Iconic examples of mass production are formally studied to provide insights to mass customization studies. The study of the shape grammar for the generation of Thonet chairs aimed to ensure rules that would make possible the reproduction of the selected corpus, as well as allow for the generation of new chairs within the developed grammar. Due to the wide variety of Thonet chairs, six chairs were randomly chosen to infer the grammar and then this was fine tuned by checking whether it could account for the generation of other designs not in the original corpus. Shape grammars (Stiny and Gips, 1972) have been used with sucesss both in the analysis as in the synthesis of designs at different scales, from product design to building and urban design. In particular, the use of shape grammars has been efficient in the characterization of objects’ styles and in the generation of new designs within the analyzed style, and it makes design rules amenable to computers implementation (Duarte, 2005). The literature includes one other example of a grammar for chair design by Knight (1980). In the second step of the current research phase, the outlined shape grammar was implemented into a computer program, to assist the designer in conceiving and producing customized chairs using a digital design process. This implementation was developed in Catia by converting the grammar into an equivalent parametric design model. In the third phase, physical models of existing and new chair designs were produced using rapid prototyping. The paper describes the grammar, its computer implementation as a parametric model, and the rapid prototyping of physical models. The generative potential of the proposed digital process is discussed in the context of enabling the mass customization of furniture. The role of the furniture designer in the new paradigm and ideas for further work also are discussed.
keywords Thonet; furniture design; chair; digital design process; parametric design; shape grammar
series CAAD Futures
email m.barros@ipt.pt
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id cf2005_1_52_176
id cf2005_1_52_176
authors GU Ning and MAHER Mary Lou
year 2005
title Dynamic Designs of 3D Virtual Worlds Using Generative Design Agents
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 239-248
summary 3D virtual worlds are networked environments designed using the metaphor of architecture. Recent developments in 3D virtual worlds focus on interactivity, flexibility and adaptability. Rather than creating virtual environments in which the objects have intelligent behaviours, our research takes a different approach to develop an agent model that is associated with an individual person in the 3D virtual world as a personal design agent. This paper presents a Generative Design Agent (GDA), a kind of rational agent capable of representing a person in a virtual world and designing, implementing and demolishing 3D virtual places based on the occupants' current needs in the virtual world. The core of a GDA's design component is a generative design grammar that is able to capture a style of 3D virtual worlds. 3D virtual worlds designed using the GDA model is another kind of architecture for the "moment".
keywords virtual environments, generative design, interactive design, shape grammars
series CAAD Futures
email ning@design-ning.net
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id caadria2005_b_4c_e
id caadria2005_b_4c_e
authors J. Jinu Louishidha Kitchley, A. Srivathsan
year 2005
title Combining Shape Grammar and Genetic Algorithm for Developing A Housing Layout: Capturing the Complexity of an Organic Fishing Settlement
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 259-265
summary Many settlements like the fishermen’s habitat have organically developed and embody the complex relation between land characteristics, functional activities and social aspirations. However, the recent rehabilitation and planning projects, constrained by technical and inscriptional rigidities, have become relatively fixed, formal and monotonous. This research attempts to harness and integrate some of the qualities of organic design process into computer aided design. The two complementary fields of Shape Grammar and Genetic algorithm have been converged for this purpose.
series CAADRIA
email jinujoshua@sancharnet.in
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id cf2005_2_36_65
id cf2005_2_36_65
authors LIAO Kai and HAN Chia Y.
year 2005
title Collective Pavilions: A Generative Architectural Modelling for Traditional Chinese Pagoda
source Learning from the Past a Foundation for the Future [Special publication of papers presented at the CAAD futures 2005 conference held at the Vienna University of Technology / ISBN 3-85437-276-0], Vienna (Austria) 20-22 June 2005, pp. 129-138
summary This paper investigates generative architectural modelling for traditional Chinese architecture and aims to explore and extend the potential of adaptive computing for architectural design methods. The design manners analysis of traditional pagodas architectures is made in a holistic view and under historical perspective. We propose a descriptive model and generative system for the design of traditional Chinese pagodas, by which each pagoda is defined as a collection of style-matched and form-coordinated pavilions and described by both topological graphs and variant geometrical units. Our approach models both of the building geometry and space organization/spatial patterns of pagodas separately. The generative mechanism consists of a framework of grammar-based design and parametric, recursive shape computation. Accordingly, the generative algorithm is also made of two levels, the topology of spatial patterns and the shape geometrical parameters that characterize pavilion variations. The algorithm for computing the former is based on GP (Genetic Programming) and the latter GA (Genetic Algorithms). To explore the collective behaviour of a group of pavilions, multi-agent modelling approach is incorporated in composition patterns search. A prototype system, 'glPagoda', using the OpenGL graphics library for rendering and visualization, has been developed and implemented on PC windows platform.
keywords pagoda, grammar-based design, multi-agent modelling, generative design system
series CAAD Futures
email liao_kai@yahoo.com, liaok@email.uc.edu
last changed 2005/05/05 05:06

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