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_id ecaade2011_114
id ecaade2011_114
authors Droste, Stephan
year 2011
title Turmitecture: A generic approach for autonomous topological generation
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.558-562
summary The paper describes and discusses a generic approach for generative design by Turing Machines operating on a three-dimensionally folded surface. It is part of an on going research on concurrent cooperative design processes in architecture. During the development of systems for simplified generic interaction in spatial design, it turned out that the basic operations are applicable to be processed by non-sophisticated automata. If the spatial configuration is interpreted as the medium for an ordinary state machine, the whole system adds up to a kind of Turing Machine. Since 2D-Turing Machines are often referred to as “turmites”, and the proposed system is based on a yet three-dimensional folded, but still twodimensional surface - the automaton will be called “Turmitect”.
wos WOS:000335665500064
keywords Collaborative Design; Generative Design; Design Concepts; Shape Studies; Virtual Architecture
series eCAADe
email stephan@casino.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia11_316
id acadia11_316
authors d’Estree Sterk, Tristan
year 2011
title Using Robotic Technologies to Integrate External Influences in Design
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 316-317
summary Designers have always assembled materials to form purposeful connections between ideas and spaces, uniting the height of human thought with the great ability of people to shape the world with their hands and tools. People have understood this opportunity and used it to inform the material investments that they make in buildings.When reflecting upon the past ten or so years of practice it is clear that some methodologies have matured. Professionals, academics and students have found new ways to connect thinking and doing. These connections have a different flavor and tend to feel more analytical to those once used. Previously internalized decisions are being made increasingly explicit by a generation of designers that has found a more meaningful overlap between the theories and procedures of design. The methods they use are visual, analytical, as well as intuitive, and encompassed within a whole gamut of tools such as Grasshopper, Ecotect, Digital Project and Generative Components. All of these tools provide opportunities for designers to inquisitively explore alternative formal, spatial and environmental relationships. The opportunities that are brought by increasing externalization are important. Design is at once turning away from its focus on the end result, be it a building or an interior, and toward a renewed interest in the design process itself. Brought about by encapsulating design principles into self-made tools, this shift has enabled families of formal outcomes rather than singular instances of ‘pure’ architecture. These multiple, equally valid, formal outcomes disrupt more traditional measures of formal legitimacy and help move architects toward more relational understandings of space, time and environment.
series ACADIA
type moderator overview
email tsterk@orambra.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id acadia11_170
id acadia11_170
authors El Sheikh, Mohamed; Gerber, David
year 2011
title Building Skin Intelligence: A parametric and algorithmic tool for daylighting performance design integration
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 170-177
summary The research presents a methodology and tool development which delineates a performance-based design integration to address the design, simulation, and proving of an intelligent building skin design and its impact on daylighting performance. Through the design of an algorithm and parametric process for integrating daylighting performance into the design phase an automated configuration evaluation is achieved. Specifically the tool enables design exploration of semi autonomous and fully autonomous configurations of an exterior building envelope louver system. The research situates itself in the field of intelligent building skins and adds to the existing solutions a validation of systems with interdependent louvers of varying tilt angles. The system is designed to respond to dynamic daylighting conditions and occupants’ preferences. Within the framework of this study, Grasshopper, Rhino, Galapagos and DIVA, are linked and coded into one integrated process, facilitating design optioneering with near real time feedback. The paper concludes with a description of the tool set’s extensibility, future incorporation of domain integration, and conflation of natural and physical system interaction and complexity.
keywords kinetic facades; parametric design; design integration; daylighting; performative design; design optioneering; realtime feedback
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email elsheikh@usc.edu
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id caadria2011_046
id caadria2011_046
authors Enoki, Mariko; Yoichi Hanada, Yuji Matsumoto, Nagisa Kidosaki, Ryusuke Naka and Shigeyuki Yamaguchi
year 2011
title The territory of the personal workspace: Development of the PWAS (personal workspace analysis system)
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 483-492
summary The purpose of this research is to consider the behaviour of workers from the viewpoint of territory. We hypothesized that “objects on the desk show territory” from our past research. First, we developed the PWAS. This system creates a territory analytical figure from interval photography pictures. And then, experiments were carried out to consider the behaviour of workers in three different conditions. We especially focused on personal workspace, one of territory, because it is very important in considering the behaviour of workers. From this research, we obtained several suggestions regarding the determinant of personal workspace in the office and the influence which physical environment has on personal workspace. From the above, this research shows that territory is very important to understand the behaviour of workers. In addition, it is meaningful that the appraisal techniques using the PWAS obtains these result to some extent.
keywords Office; territory; personal workspace; analysis system; behaviour monitoring
series CAADRIA
email m0624005@edu.kit.ac.jp
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadiaregional2011_009
id acadiaregional2011_009
authors Esquivel, Gabriel; Ryan Collier
year 2011
title A Swell Project: Between Parametrics and Fabrication
source Parametricism (SPC) ACADIA Regional 2011 Conference Proceedings
summary As a case study, Swell serves as: 1) an investigation into architectural ornamentation using a contemporary framework, as directed through specific modes of research, 2) a study in fabrication materials and methods, especially through the realization of form, and 3) as a pedagogical tool, loosely assembled through real and virtual space. This essay will focus mainly on the fabrication methods in terms of why and the pedagogical research initiatives and reactions that went into the design of Swell. The project was conceived through a summer studio which was formed to investigate tools and methods available at the Texas A&M Architecture Ranch and to further the local pedagogical direction toward fabrication in architectural design at Texas A&M University as a whole. That is to say, there was no specific agenda toward parametrics, form, research, technology, or the like. At the same time, as the research continued, certain decisions were cast in terms of technology, sensibility, site, etc. informed by research, iterative processes, or parametric evaluation that ultimately formed the project as it exists today.
series ACADIA
last changed 2011/07/08 09:17

_id caadria2011_069
id caadria2011_069
authors Fernando, Ruwan; James Steel and Robin Drogemuller
year 2011
title Using domain specific languages in the Building Information Modelling workflow
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 731-740
summary The design of architecture, in practice, entails the collaboration of many disciplines each with their own set of tools and representations. Building Information Models aim to support interoperability between these disciplines. However current implementations require a lot of manual work involving translating parts from the various specialised descriptions to the common model format. Domain Specific Languages are a development from Information Technology that defines a mapping from the concepts used in one discipline to those used in another. In this paper, a workflow incorporating the movement between specialised languages and a central model is described. The central model is structured using the Industrial Foundation Classes (IFC). The motivation for elaborating on the interdisciplinary workflow is the desire to create a more iterative process without the need for the manual recreation of models. While it is difficult to have a description or language that contains all the information of all the disciplines, this research demonstrates how the IFC schema acts as a pivot not just between data sets, but also between concepts expressed in different representations thus giving from analysis to design.
keywords Building Information Model; BIM; domain-specific languages; lighting; spatial planning; parametric modelling
series CAADRIA
email r1.fernando@qut.edu
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2013_043
id caadria2013_043
authors Freitas, Márcia Regina de and Regina Coeli Ruschel
year 2013
title What is Happening to Virtual and Augmented Reality Applied to Architecture?
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 407-416
summary This paper presents the results of a comprehensive survey of activities on research and development of Virtual and Augmented Reality applied to architecture. 200 papers were reviewed, taken from annual conferences of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture (ACADIA) and its sibling organizations in Europe (ECAADE and CAAD Futures), Asia (CAADRIA), the Middle East (ASCAAD) and South America (SIGRADI). The papers were grouped in research areas (design method, architectural theory and history, performance evaluation, human interaction, representation and process & management), emphasis (education, application, collaboration, visualization, practice and theory) and technology development stage (specification, development, application demonstration and evaluation). The period of study comprises 11 years, from 2000 to 2011. Findings for each category are described and key publications and authors are identified.  
wos WOS:000351496100040
keywords Virtual reality, Augmented reality, Study of activity 
series CAADRIA
email marciarf@fec.unicamp.br
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia11_90
id acadia11_90
authors Fure, Adam
year 2011
title Digital Materiallurgy: On the productive force of deep codes and vital matter
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 90-97
summary This paper expands the discourse surrounding digital forms of making by scrutinizing the role of materials within computation, ultimately proposing a speculative working model that charts new territory. The growing importance of materials within technological research makes this an appropriate time to consider the nuance of their role within it. Currently, material innovation is happening along two central tracks: the customized cutting, sculpting, and forming of conventional materials with Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) fabrication equipment and the development of new materials through innovations in material science. Both tracks rely on a limited set of material protocols which enable process-based control and eliminate the intrusion of any unpredictable material variable. Although efficient, such an approach limits architecture’s ability to procure novel material engagements. A few designers are developing an alternative model where computational codes are coupled with eccentric materials to produce unusual results. Digital materiallurgy, as I have called it, is part technique and part attitude; it relies on intentionally ceding limited design control to unpredictable matter—thus capitalizing on matter’s innate ability to produce unexpected formal and material complexity. Digital materiallurgy identifies the intersection of computation and eccentric materiality as a departure point for architectural innovation. By purposefully inserting material heterogeneity and inconsistency into computational means and methods, this work pries apart the apparently seamless relationship between digital design and physical production. By blurring the distinction between physical material and digital form, this work offers an integrated aesthetic experience, one that fetishizes neither the virtual nor the vintage but fuses both into a richer, wilder present.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email afure@umich.edu
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id caadria2011_072
id caadria2011_072
authors Gallas, Mohamed-Anis; Didier Bur and Gilles Halin
year 2011
title Daylight and energy in the early phase of architectural design process: A design assistance method using designer’s intents
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 761-770
summary The integration of daylighting from the beginning of the design process can help designers to create buildings that respect their environment benefit from the solar gain thus giving an answer to illumination and energy needs (Bodart et al, 2002). This paper proposes a declarative assistance method/tool designed for the early design phase. This method assists the designer in integrating the daylight and its energetic impact from the beginning of the architectural design process by means of intents. The intents are related to the daylight, energy and spatial configuration aspects of the architectural project. The method translates the designer’s intents into potential solutions. They are the first formal representation of the architect’s intents that could be customized and altered during the next architectural design phases.
keywords Daylight; energy; early design phase; design support; intents
series CAADRIA
email gallas@crai.archi.fr
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2011_068
id caadria2011_068
authors Garagnani, Simone
year 2011
title Packing the “Chinese box”: A strategy to manage knowledge using architectural digital models
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 717-726
summary The architectural design activity has been transformed due to technological advances in building knowledge management. The research proposed is based on a three years long Ph.D. work on 3D models intended as graphical informative systems, layered according to the “Chinese box” paradigm and destined to professionals and researchers in architecture. The applied case study is referred to San Vitale’s church in Ravenna, Italy: the monument was investigated through nested digital models produced by different computer programs. Passing through evolutionary steps identified as synthesis, reduction and projection, the resulting archive lowered its Complication Ratio, a numerical value inspired by fractal’s auto-similarity, indicating a recursive modification in morphologies and contents. Models so conceived are qualified as progressive knowledge-based catalogues easily interchangeable and useful to understand how new or existing architectures work. As a result of this approach, representations obtained with surveys, historical chronicles, light analysis and acoustic simulations were composed following gradual refinements: technical data were collected running parallel to bibliographic research, enriching interactive virtual models sprung from a recursive criterion destined to increase the information enclosed into an undivided, lossless, digital archive.
keywords 3D modelling; virtual architecture; BIM; CAAD; information database
series CAADRIA
email simone.garagnani@unibo.it
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cf2011_p145
id cf2011_p145
authors Georgiou, Odysseas
year 2011
title Interactive Structural Analysis
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 833-846.
summary This paper re-approaches structural engineering through an interactive perspective by introducing a series of tools that concatenate parametric design with structural analysis, thus achieving interoperability between form and its structural performance. Parametric Design is linked to Structural Analysis using computer programming to establish a common interactive framework that leads to performance based designs that respond to structural constrains and conditions in an interactive manner. A series of examples illustrate the synergy between form and structure by interactively modelling, analysing and visualizing its response.
keywords Structural engineering, parametric design, interoperability,free form,interactive,analysis
series CAAD Futures
email odysseas.georgiou@hub.com.cy
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ecaade2011_036
id ecaade2011_036
authors Gmelin, Sebastian; Agger, Kristian; Lassen, Michael Henry
year 2011
title Simulation Design Tools: Using Parametric Building Information Modeling and Physical Simulation for Form Finding of Double Curved Surfaces
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.215-224
summary Parametric modeling is a powerful tool to create variations of a design following specified criteria. Physical modeling provides flexible relationships between design elements and can simulate the behavior of hanging chain models. Building Information Modeling can contain geometry and design properties and relations. In this paper it is proposed to join all three to create a Simulation Design Tool that allows the intuitive creation of double curved surfaces which follow the rules of funicular systems. This tool is implemented in B-Processor, open-source Building Information Modeling software to bridge the break that occurs when moving from a design software package to Building Information Modeling. It is shown how the tool balances intuitive sculpting and accurate simulation and how the user can interact to mediate different design requirements.
wos WOS:000335665500024
keywords Form Finding; Parametric Building Information Modeling; B-Processor; Particle Spring System; Grid Shell
series eCAADe
email sebastian@gmelin.li
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2011_273
id sigradi2011_273
authors Gonçalves, Marly de Menezes
year 2011
title As imagens 3D (anáglifos) no ensino de Design [The 3D image (anaglyph) in the area of Design]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 452-455
summary The use of new technologies changed the way of ministering necessary knowledge to student development in the Design field. This article aims to present developed work in Fundamentals of Computer Graphics using 3D image (anaglyph) in understanding and implementing graphic software?s use in the area of Design.
keywords Design; education; 3D image (anaglyph)
series SIGRADI
email arq.menezes@yahoo.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id caadria2011_043
id caadria2011_043
authors Grace, Kazjon S.; Robert Saunders and John S. Gero
year 2011
title Applying interpretation-driven association to design domains
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 453-462
summary This paper presents a computational model of visual association- making. Our model focuses on the interaction between the processes of representation and matching in association. Re-interpretation of the objects being associated changes the landscape in which the matching process is searching for potential mappings between those objects. We call this process interpretation-driven search. We demonstrate the capabilities of our system through some examples of previous work in simple shape domains, then discuss ongoing research into applying this system to design domains.
keywords Visual association; interpretation; computational model; design cognition
series CAADRIA
email kazjon@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2011_018
id ecaade2011_018
authors Grobman, Yasha J.; Ron, Ruth
year 2011
title Digital Form Finding: Generative use of simulation processes by architects in the early stages of the design process
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.107-115
summary The paper presents performance oriented approaches to digital form finding which stems from the lines of research on performance and morphogenesis in architectural design. The main contribution to the earlier research is threefold; it examines the potential of the presented design processes to integrate interdisciplinary approach based on the use of simulation tools by architects or direct data exchange between simulation tools and design. Secondly, it explores new methods to generate initial architectural form based on performance information that apply to both building scale and urban scale, and lastly, it develops the theoretical framework on the ramifications of employing simulation technology and techniques in architectural design.
wos WOS:000335665500012
keywords Form generation; performance; simulation; parametric design; form finding
series eCAADe
email yasha@technion.ac.il
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2011_026
id ecaade2011_026
authors Górczy_ski, Micha_; Rabiej, Jan
year 2011
title Digital Master Builder: From ‘Virtual’ Conception to ‘Actual’ Production through Information Models
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.412-420
summary This paper investigates relationships between the process of conception and production in digital domain with reference to the very nature of architect’s profession. Authors combine some theories of actual paradigm shift with specific mechanisms of digital fabrication. A scope of control and collaboration strategies will be cited and a few next will be developed as an aftermath of the FABRICATE 2011 conference and publication. These remarks can be seen as an attempt to outline essential design principles for digital master builder architects.
wos WOS:000335665500047
keywords Digital paradigm; information models; CAD-CAM; digital fabrication
series eCAADe
email michal.gorczynski@polsl.pl
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadiaregional2011_028
id acadiaregional2011_028
authors Haliburton, James; Mark Clayton, Ozan Ozener, Francisco Farias, WoonSeong Jeong
year 2011
title Parametric Modeling and BIM: Innovative Design Education for Integrated Building Practices
source Parametricism (SPC) ACADIA Regional 2011 Conference Proceedings
summary Parametric modeling and Building Information Modeling (BIM) present opportunities to radically change the architectural design process, which has similarly radical implications upon design education. These processes and technologies are demanding a broader knowledge base and deeper skill set. The same technologies and processes create opportunities to meet and surpass the traditional architectural knowledge base that forms the basis for design education. Outlined in this paper are the results of three studies that employed BIM and parametric modeling within the context of simulated professional project delivery and compares the results using the new process to the NAAB Student Performance Criteria. From these studies, it appears that the alternative design method that employs BIM and parametric modeling is more rigorous and effective than the traditional method of instructing students with respect to the Student Performance Criteria in Realm B: Integrated Building Practices.
series ACADIA
last changed 2011/07/08 09:17

_id ecaade2015_ws-robowood
id ecaade2015_ws-robowood
authors Hornung, Philipp; Johannes Braumann, Reinhold Krobath, Sigrid Brell-Cokcan and Georg Glaeser
year 2015
title Robotic Woodcraft: Creating Tools for Digital Design and Fabrication
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 33-36
summary Robotic Woodcraft is a transdisciplinary, arts-based investigation into robotic arms at the University for Applied Arts Vienna. Bringing together the craftsmen of the Department for Wood Technology, the geometers of the Department for Arts and Technology, the young industrial design office Lucy.D and the roboticists of the Association for Robots in Architecture, the research project explores new approaches on how to couple high-tech robotic arms with high-end wood fabrication. In the eCAADe workshop, participants are introduced to KUKA|prc (parametric robot control, Braumann and Brell-Cokcan, 2011) and shown approaches on how to create their own digital fabrication tools for customized fabrication processes involving wood.
wos WOS:000372316000004
keywords Robotic woodcraft; Arts-based research; Robotic fabrication; Visual programming; Parametric robot control
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2011_p067
id cf2011_p067
authors Hsiao, Chih-Pin; Johnson Brian
year 2011
title Combined Digital & Physical Modeling with Vision-Based Tangible User Interfaces: Opportunities and Challenges
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 785-800.
summary Designers in architectural studios, both in education and practice, have worked to integrate digital and physical media ever since they began to utilize digital tools in the design process. There are benefits of working in the digital domain as well as benefits of working physically; confronting, or seeming to confront, architects with a difficult choice. Emerging strategies for human-computer interaction such as tangible user interfaces and computer vision techniques present new possibilities for manipulating architectural designs. These technologies can help bridge between the digital and physical worlds. This paper discusses some of these technologies, analyzes several current design challenges and presents a prototype that illustrates ways in which a broader approach to human- computer interaction might resolve the problem. The ultimate goal of breaking down the boundary between the digital and physical design platforms is to create a unified domain of "continuous thought" for all design activities.
keywords Computer-aided Architectural Design, Tangible Interaction, Vision-Based Computing
series CAAD Futures
email chsiao9@gatech.edu
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id caadria2011_027
id caadria2011_027
authors Hua, Hao and Ting-Li Jia
year 2011
title Interaction in terms of individuality and intelligibility
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 281-290
summary This paper points out that “interaction” is not only a scientific issue but also a social-cultural issue. The relationship between the user experiences and the behaviours of the system should be emphasised. The “Individual-Intelligible” coordinate system is created to compare and evaluate the interactivity of various systems, it provides a new design space for researches or students experimenting with interactive systems. Four experiments are discussed with the new formulation of the interaction.
keywords Interaction; individual; intelligible
series CAADRIA
email hhua@stundent.ethz.ch
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

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