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_id ijac201210108
id ijac201210108
authors Celani, Gabriela; Carlos Eduardo Verzola Vaz
year 2012
title CAD Scripting and Visual Programming Languages for Implementing Computational Design Concepts: A Comparison from a Pedagogical Point of View
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 1, 121-138
summary This paper compares the use of scripting languages and visual programming languages for teaching computational design concepts to novice and advanced architecture students. Both systems are described and discussed in terms of the representation methods they use. With novice students better results were obtained with the visual programming language. However, the generative strategies used were restricted to parametric variation and the use of randomness. Scripting, on the other hand, was used by advanced students to implement rule-based generative systems. It is possible to conclude that visual languages can be very useful for making architecture students understand general programming concepts, but scripting languages are fundamental for implementing generative design systems. The paper also discusses the importance of the ability to shift between different representation methods, from more concrete to more abstract, as part of the architectural education.
series journal
last changed 2019/07/30 08:55

_id sigradi2012_235
id sigradi2012_235
authors Polo, Pablo Herrera
year 2012
title Reutilizando códigos como mecanismo de información y conocimiento: Programación en arquitectura [Reusing codes as a mechanism of information and cognition: Scripting in architecture]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 74-78
summary Differently from other regions in the Planet, since 2010, in Latin America textual programming language (Rhinoscripting) is being replaced by its visual equivalent (Grasshopper). This is a consequence of our preference for an interactive platform, and because our design problems are not as complex, so we aim to control geometrical problems or aspects belonging to an product scale instead of an architectural one. Problems emerging when creating code could be improved by modifying and reusing existing solutions as a starting point, since learning would not be centered in the object but in the process of creating it, using a suitable instrument.
keywords Visual Programming Language; Textual Programming Language; Scripting; Grasshopper; Rhinoscripting
series SIGRADI
email pablo@espaciosdigitales.org
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id caadria2012_032
id caadria2012_032
authors Chok, Kermin
year 2012
title Automation at scale: Geometry, analysis and post processing
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 17–26
summary Our team is currently engaged in the peer review of a large steel stadium dome roof. The roof has a diameter of approximately 300m and rises to over 70m in elevation. In addition to its size, the roof also contains a moveable component which can be deployed during inclement weather. The roof structure comprises of approximately 32,000 beams with 10,000 nodes. This paper overviews our efforts in scaling digital design techniques with regards to automation and parametric geometry to expedite the verification of structural members and geometrically complicated connection nodes. The paper will discuss two realms where automation was deployed. The first realm is the verification of Type 1 node connections where less than eight members intersect at a single work point and is relatively geometrically simple. Type 1 nodes were checked against published code requirements. Type 2 connections consisted of nodes where more than eight members intersected or bracing angles did not meet code guidelines. Type 2 nodes were verified using the finite element method and large scale automation of node geometry creation to structural analysis post processing was employed.
keywords Automation; Rhino 3D; scripting; structural; database
series CAADRIA
email kermin.chok@gmail.com
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id ecaade2012_214
id ecaade2012_214
authors Das, Subhajit ; Dutt, Florina
year 2012
title Design optimization in a hotel and offi ce tower through intuitive design procedures and advanced computational design methodologies. Façade design optimization by computational methods
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 235-243
summary The research topic of this paper exemplifies design optimization techniques of a hotel/office tower in Central China (Nanjing city), which faces subtropical humid climate throughout the year. The main intent of the project is to fi nd optimized design solution with the aid of parametric design tools and Visual Basic Scripting techniques (in Rhino Script & Grasshopper) combined with intuitive design process. In any urban context, we firmly believe that architectural design is a responsive phenomenon, which faces diverse interaction with the user & the local climate. The building design of the proposed tower acknowledges these responsive factors of the design with the environment along with building users or residents. Consequently, we strive to develop a sustainable design solution, which is ecologically efficient and psychologically conducive to the wellbeing of the user. We developed our intuitive design product with complex computational design toolsets to leverage design and energy efficiency. In this procedure, we draw major design concepts and geometrical typologies from natural systems in the form of bio mimicry or biologically inspired design process. Overall, this research paper outlines the significance and relevant benefi ts of the combination of intuitive design (from experience, expertise and architects skills) with parametric scripting tools.
wos WOS:000330322400023
keywords Sustainable Building Façade; Parametric Architecture; Intelligent building skin; Solar Architecture
series eCAADe
email subhajit.design@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_144
id ecaade2012_144
authors Wurzer, Gabriel ; Pak, Burak
year 2012
title Lawnmower: Designing a web-based visual programming environment that generates code to help students learn textual programming
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 655-663.
summary Learning programming can be a challenging task for design students, especially when code is to be entered in textual form. Visual programming languages, such as McNeil’s Grasshopper, have helped students to engage in scripting without having to deal with lower level syntax that is often hindering them in expressing their thoughts. However, the problem with learning how to program textually is only postponed: When switching to a new platform, students may be forced to learn coding from scratch, and, even worse, to do so in a textual environment that is yet unfamiliar. Our idea is simple: Connect visual programming with textual coding, using code-generation as means. Using this approach enables students to think visually, and see the results textually. An added bonus is the possibility to use debugging, a feature that is yet lacking from Grasshopper. By this way, our language aims to enable students to gradually move from visual to textual programming in a comfortable manner.
wos WOS:000330322400069
keywords Visual Programming; Structured Code; Teaching; Code Generation
series eCAADe
email gabriel.wurzer@tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id acadia12_511
id acadia12_511
authors Borowski, Darrick ; Poulimeni, Nikoletta ; Janssen, Jeroen
year 2012
title Edible Infrastructures: Emergent Organizational Patterns for the Productive City
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 511-526
summary Edible Infrastructures is an investigation into a projective mode of urbanism which considers food as an integral part of a city's metabolic infrastructure. Working with algorithms as design tools, we explore the generative potential of such a system to create an urban ecology that: provides for its residents via local, multi-scalar, distributed food production, reconnects urbanites with their food sources, and de-couples food costs from fossil fuels by limiting transportation at all levels, from source to table. The research is conducted through the building up of a sequence of algorithms, beginning with the ‘Settlement Simulation’, which couples consumers to productive surface area within a cellular automata type computational model. Topological analysis informs generative operations, as each stage builds on the output of the last. In this way we explore the hierarchical components for a new Productive City, including: the structure and programming of the urban circulatory network, an emergent urban morphology based around productive urban blocks, and opportunities for new architectural typologies. The resulting prototypical Productive City questions the underlying mechanisms that shape modern urban space and demonstrates the architectural potential of mathematical modeling and simulation in addressing complex urban spatial and programmatic challenges.
keywords Urban Agriculture , Urban Ecologies and Food Systems , Productive Cities , Urban Metabolism , Computational Modeling and Simulation , Algorithmic/ Procedural Design Methodologies , Emergent Organization , Self-Organizing Systems
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email darrick.borowski@gmail.com
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2012_100
id ecaade2012_100
authors Braumann, Johannes; Brell-Cokcan, Sigrid
year 2012
title Real-Time Robot Simulation and Control for Architectural Design
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 479-486
summary Industrial robots for architectural fabrication have not yet been directly linked to the design process, as current research focuses mostly on the automated generation of robot control data for mass customization. In this paper, we will discuss the use of a real-time programming environment for robot simulation/control and introduce a virtual robot, that allows architects to digitally prototype fabrication processes. While such a real-time approach is also suitable for mass customization, the main advantage is that this interaction with the virtual-robot can be used to intuitively solve complex fabrication problems.
wos WOS:000330320600050
keywords Industrial Robots; Inverse Kinematics; Virtual Robot; Mass Customization; Simulation; Parametric Design
series eCAADe
email johannes@robotsinarchitecture.org
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id caadria2012_024
id caadria2012_024
authors Brell-Cokcan, Sigrid; Johannes Braumann, Baris Cokcan and Martin Kleindienst
year 2012
title Just in time design: Developing parametric design tools for architectural design
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 455–464
summary In this paper we will present custom design and parametric programming strategies for the design of complex spatial structures based on our applied research for a 10.000 m² freeform technology centre in Düzce, Turkey. The goal is to develop intuitive, easy-to-use parametric design components for layout, analysis, optimisation and aesthetic architectural free form design.
keywords Parametric design; freeform architecture; quadrilateral meshes; software development; fabrication
series CAADRIA
email brell-cokcan@2architects-int.com
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id caadria2013_080
id caadria2013_080
authors Koh, Immanuel
year 2013
title Computer Vision and Augmented Reality Technologies in Experimental Architectural Design Education at the AA
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 427-436
summary This paper aims to investigate the potential of both open source software and new media (esp. computer vision and augmented reality) as tools for architectural design and education. The examples illustrated in the paper would be drawn mainly from students’ projects done as part of their AA Media Studies Course submission at the AA School of Architecture (AA) during the academic years from 2011/2012 to 2012/2013. The paper outlines the main approaches, which students have chosen to implement, both directly and indirectly, these new media and tools into their studio work at the AA. Section 1 briefly introduces a range of currently available open source computational design toolkits that are deemed useful for quick implementation of computer vision and augmented reality technologies. The related programming languages, softwares and hardwares would also be introduced and described accordingly. Sections 2 and 3 are accompanied with a visual catalogue of students’ projects to better illustrate the diversity in the understanding and implementation of computer vision and augmented reality technologies in architectural design. Section 4 serves to conclude the paper by first discussing briefly the feedback from students at the end of the course before clarifying the context of the research and thus its relation to recent work done by others using similar technologies.  
wos WOS:000351496100042
keywords Computer vision, Augmented reality, Generative design, Interaction design 
series CAADRIA
email artplusik@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac201210109
id ijac201210109
authors Leitao, Antonio; Luis Santos, José Lopes
year 2012
title Programming Languages For Generative Design: A Comparative Study
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 1, 139-162
summary In the field of Generative Design (GD), Visual Programming Languages (VPLs), such as Grasshopper, are becoming increasingly popular compared to the traditional Textual Programming Languages (TPLs) provided by CAD applications, such as RhinoScript. This reaction is explained by the relative obsolescence of these TPLs and the faster learning curve of VPLs. However, modern TPLs offer a variety of linguistic features designed to overcome the limitations of traditional TPLs, making them hypothetical competitors to VPLs. In this paper, we reconsider the role of TPLs in the design process and we present a comparative study of VPLs and modern TPLs. Our findings show that modern TPLs can be more productive than VPLs, especially, for large-scale and complex design tasks. Finally, we identify some problems of modern TPLs related to portability and sharing of programs and we propose a solution.
series journal
last changed 2019/07/30 08:55

_id ascaad2012_014
id ascaad2012_014
authors Von Mammen, Sebastian; Joshua M. Taron
year 2012
title A Trans-Disciplinary Program for Biomimetic Computing and Architectural Design
source CAAD | INNOVATION | PRACTICE [6th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2012 / ISBN 978-99958-2-063-3], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 21-23 February 2012, pp. 141-154
summary In this article, we present our trans-disciplinary approach to teaching biomimetic computing and architectural design to graduate students in Architecture. In particular, we present our selection of topics, their initial, conceptual presentation to the students, their appropriation by the students through programming and examples of the students’ material implementations in architectural design projects.
series ASCAAD
email basti@vonmammen.org
more http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2012/papers/ascaad2012_014.pdf
last changed 2012/05/15 18:46

_id ecaade2012_068
id ecaade2012_068
authors Wu, Tienyu ; Jeng, Taysheng
year 2012
title Reforming Design Studios: Experiments in integrating bim, parametric design, digital fabrication, and interactive technology
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 49-54
summary Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been widely accepted as an integration tool that enables modelling of form, function, and behaviour of building systems and components. Using BIM, building design can be approached in a more logical way by integrating spatial, structural and mechanical systems as well as cost and energy performance in the early design stage. In this paper, we develop a design framework using BIM in varied design processes, including architectural programming, conceptual design, parametric design, digital fabrication, and interaction design. We conducted an experiment to reform design studios using BIM throughout the design process. A classroom of the future called iSTUDIO is constructed by applying BIM, parametric design, interactive technology, and digital fabrication.
wos WOS:000330322400004
keywords Building information model (BIM); Parametric Design; Digital Fabrication; Interaction Design
series eCAADe
type normal paper
email ty-design@hotmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id acadia12_47
id acadia12_47
authors Aish, Robert ; Fisher, Al ; Joyce, Sam ; Marsh, Andrew
year 2012
title Progress Towards Multi-Criteria Design Optimisation Using Designscript With Smart Form, Robot Structural Analysis and Ecotect Building Performance Analysis"
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 47-56
summary Important progress towards the development of a system that enables multi-criteria design optimisation has recently been demonstrated during a research collaboration between Autodesk’s DesignScript development team, the University of Bath and the engineering consultancy Buro Happold. This involved integrating aspects of the Robot Structural Analysis application, aspects of the Ecotect building performance application and a specialist form finding solver called SMART Form (developed by Buro Happold) with DesignScript to create a single computation environment. This environment is intended for the generation and evaluation of building designs against both structural and building performance criteria, with the aim of expediently supporting computational optimisation and decision making processes that integrate across multiple design and engineering disciplines. A framework was developed to enable the integration of modeling environments with analysis and process control, based on the authors’ case studies and experience of applied performance driven design in practice. This more generalised approach (implemented in DesignScript) enables different designers and engineers to selectively configure geometry definition, form finding, analysis and simulation tools in an open-ended system without enforcing any predefined workflows or anticipating specific design strategies and allows for a full range of optimisation and decision making processes to be explored. This system has been demonstrated to practitioners during the Design Modeling Symposium, Berlin in 2011 and feedback from this has suggested further development.
keywords Design Optimisation , Scripting , Form Finding , Structural Analysis , Building Performance
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email robert.aish@autodesk.com
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2012_250
id ecaade2012_250
authors Baerlecken, Daniel ; Swarts, Matthew ; Gentry, Russell ; Wonoto, Nixon
year 2012
title Bio-Origami: Form Finding and Evaluation of Origami Structures
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 497-504
summary This paper presents a concept of origami as a form-generator for a structural system that allows deployability for structures with large spans. The presented approach studies the embedded kinetic possibilities of folded structures and focuses on a parametric modelling process that allows evaluating the structural performance of different types of the same origami family in order to optimize the geometry for a given scenario. The workfl ow between scripting based form generation – within Rhinoceros and Excel – and LS-DYNA is presented in detail. In addition to that the question of scalability from a thin microstructure to a thickened roof structure is discussed in the context of an architectural project.
wos WOS:000330322400051
keywords Parametric modelling; form fi nding; origami; LS-DYNA; scripting
series eCAADe
email Daniel.Baerlecken@coa.gatech.edu
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id acadia12_199
id acadia12_199
authors Beorkrem, Chris ; Corte, Dan
year 2012
title Zero-Waste, Flat-Packed, Tri-Chord Truss: Continued Investigations of Structural Expression in Parametric Design"
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 199-208
summary The direct and rapid connections between scripting, modeling and prototyping allow for investigations of computation in fabrication. The manipulation of planar materials with two-dimensional CNC cuts can easily create complex and varied forms, volumes, and surfaces. However, the bulk of research on folding using CNC fabrication tools is focused upon surfaces, self-supporting walls and shell structures, which do not integrate well into more conventional building construction models. This paper attempts to explain the potential for using folding methodologies to develop structural members through a design-build process. Conventional building practice consists of the assembly of off-the-shelf parts. Many times, the plinth, skeleton, and skin are independently designed and fabricated, integrating multiple industries. Using this method of construction as an operative status quo, this investigation focused on a single structural component: the truss. Using folding methodologies and sheet steel to create a truss, this design investigation employed a recyclable and prolific building material to redefine the fabrication of a conventional structural member. The potential for using digital design and two-dimensional CNC fabrication tools in the design of a foldable truss from sheet steel is viable in the creation of a flat-packed, minimal waste structural member that can adapt to a variety of aesthetic and structural conditions. Applying new methods to a component of the conventional ‘kit of parts’ allowed for a novel investigation that recombines zero waste goals, flat-packing potential, structural expression and computational processes. This paper will expand (greatly) upon previous research into bi-chord truss designs, developing a tri-chord truss, which is parametrically linked to its structural moment diagram. The cross section of each truss is formed based on the loading condition for each beam. This truss design has been developed through a thorough series of analytical models and tests performed digitally, to scale and in full scale. The tri-chord truss is capable of resisting rotational failures well beyond the capacity of the bi-chord designs previously developed. The results are complex, and elegant expressions of structural logics embodied in a tightly constrained functional design.
keywords Parametric Design , Structural Expression , Material constraints
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email cbeorkrem@uncc.edu
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2012_057
id ecaade2012_057
authors Bielik, Martin ; Schneider, Sven ; König, Reinhard
year 2012
title Parametric Urban Patterns: Exploring and integrating graph-based spatial properties in parametric urban modelling
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 701-708.
summary The article presents a graph-based spatial analysis toolset (“decoding spaces”components) which we have recently developed as an extension of the visual scripting language Grasshopper3D for Rhino. These tools directly integrate spatial analysis methods into CAD design software which can have a signifi cant effect on current design workfl ows. However,grasshopper doesn’t only enable the results of analyses to be used in the standard Rhino modelling environment. It also makes it possible to integrate spatial analysis into a parametric design approach as discussed in this paper. The functionality of this toolset is demonstrated using a simple urban design scenario where we introduce the idea of parametric patterns based on graph-measures.
wos WOS:000330322400074
keywords Spatial analysis; parametric modelling; urban layout; design process; decoding spaces
series eCAADe
email martin.bielik@uni-weimar.de
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id sigradi2012_196
id sigradi2012_196
authors Gokmen, Sabri
year 2012
title The Ornaments of Shoowa Kuba: A digital re-interpretation of a textile art
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 79-83
summary This paper will discuss how Shoowa Kuba textiles could be analyzed as an ornament that can be digitally constructed and applied in design. An historical outline of ornament is provided by briefly comparing Classical and Gothic ornaments. This theoretical framework is then compared to the art of Shoowa Kuba focusing on their textile embroideries. Various patterns and techniques will be introduced showing how Kuba people implement rules as well as how they break them. These patterns will be digitally reconstructed to show their applicability to the digital design domain.
keywords Digital design research, textile patterns, ornaments, scripting
series SIGRADI
email sabrigokmen@gatech.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id ecaade2016_119
id ecaade2016_119
authors Koenig, Reinhard and Varoudis, Tasos
year 2016
title Spatial Optimisations - Merging depthmapX, spatial graph networks and evolutionary design in Grasshopper
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 249-254
summary In the Space Syntax community, the standard tool for computing all kinds of spatial graph network measures is depthmapX (Varoudis, 2012). The process of evaluating many design variants of networks is relatively complicated, since they need to be drawn in a separated CAD system, exported and imported in depthmapX via dxf file format. This procedure disables a continuous integration into a design process. Furthermore, the standalone character of depthmapX makes it impossible to use its network centrality calculation for optimization processes. To overcome this limitations, we present in this paper the first steps of experimenting with a Grasshopper component (Varoudis, 2016) that can access the functions of depthmapX and integrate them into Grasshopper/Rhino3D. Here the component is implemented in a way that it can be used directly for an evolutionary algorithm (EA) implemented in a Python scripting component in Grasshopper.
wos WOS:000402064400024
keywords Space Syntax; Evolutionary Algorithm; Grasshopper; Python; DepthmapX; Optimization
series eCAADe
email reinhard.koenig@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id ecaade2012_087
id ecaade2012_087
authors Lorenz, Wolfgang E.
year 2012
title Estimating the Fractal Dimension of Architecture: Using two Measurement Methods implemented in AutoCAD by VBA
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 505-513
summary The concept of describing and analyzing architecture from a fractal point of view, on which this paper is based, can be traced back to Benoît Mandelbrot (1981) and Carl Bovill (1996) to a considerable extent. In particular, this includes the distinction between scalebound (offering a limited number of characteristic elements) and scaling objects (offering many characteristic elements of scale) made by B. Mandelbrot (1981). In the fi rst place such a differentiation is based upon a visual description. This paper explores the possibility of assistance by two measurement methods, fi rst time introduced to architecture by C. Bovill (1996). While the box-counting method measures or more precisely estimates the box-counting dimension D b of objects (e.g. facades), range analysis examines the rhythm of a design. As CAD programs are familiar to architects during design processes, the author implemented both methods in AutoCAD using the scripting language VBA. First measurements indicate promising results for indicating the distinction between what B. Mandelbrot called scalebound and scaling buildings.
wos WOS:000330322400052
keywords Box-Counting Method; Range Analysis; Hurst-Exponent; Analyzing Architecture; Scalebound and Scaling objects
series eCAADe
email lorenz@iemar.tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_226
id ecaade2012_226
authors Sopeoglou, Eva
year 2012
title Scripting shadows: Weaving digital and physical environments through design and fabrication
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 255-258
summary This paper considers the opportunities of engaging in a creative dialogue between the physical and the digital, through the use of generative design tools and digital fabrication technologies. Digital iterations on an open-air installation for a pavilion take the shape of research in design. The design is partly driven by environmental parameters, such as the movement of the sun and shadows across a site in the Mediterranean. A fabricated microclimate is tailored through bespoke scripting and fabrication. In this project, rather than being used to optimise environmental parameters, scripting intents to offer a delightful milieu for human comfort.
wos WOS:000330322400025
keywords Scripting; digital fabrication; shading; environmental comfort
series eCAADe
email e.sopeoglou@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

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