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_id acadia17_82
id acadia17_82
authors Andreani, Stefano; Sayegh, Allen
year 2017
title Augmented Urban Experiences: Technologically Enhanced Design Research Methods for Revealing Hidden Qualities of the Built Environment
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 82-91
summary The built environment is a complex juxtaposition of static matter and dynamic flows, tangible objects and human experiences, physical realities and digital spaces. This paper offers an alternative understanding of those dichotomies by applying experimental design research strategies that combine objective quantification and subjective perception of urban contexts. The assumption is that layers of measurable datasets can be afforded with personal feedback to reveal "hidden" characteristics of cities. Drawing on studies from data and cognitive sciences, the proposed method allows us to analyze, quantify and visualize the individual experience of the built environment in relation to different urban qualities. By operating in between the scientific domain and the design realm, four design research experiments are presented. Leveraging augmenting and sensing technologies, these studies investigate: (1) urban attractors and user attention, employing eye-tracking technologies during walking; (2) urban proxemics and sensory experience, applying proximity sensors and EEG scanners in varying contexts; (3) urban mood and spatial perception, using mobile applications to merge tangible qualities and subjective feelings; and (4) urban vibe and paced dynamics, combining vibration sensing and observational data for studying city beats. This work demonstrates that, by adopting a multisensory and multidisciplinary approach, it is possible to gain a more human-centered, and perhaps novel understanding of the built environment. A lexicon of experimented urban situations may become a reference for studying different typologies of environments from the user experience, and provide a framework to support creative intuition for the development of more engaging, pleasant, and responsive spaces and places.
keywords design methods; information processing; art and technology; hybrid practices
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:12

_id acadia08_152
id acadia08_152
authors Biloria, Nimish
year 2008
title Morphogenomic Urban and Architectural Systems: An Investigation into Informatics Oriented Evolution of Form: The Case of the A2 Highway
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 152-157
summary This research paper exemplifies upon a novel information integrated generative design method: Morphogenomics, being experimented with at Hyperbody, TU Delft. Morphogenomics, a relatively new research area, which deals with the intricacies of morphological informatics. This paper furthermore discusses an ongoing Morphogenmoics oriented design-research case: the development of a Distributed Network-city along the A2 highway, Netherlands. The A2 highway, development is a live project seeking urban development on either side of this busy highway. Hyperbody, during the course of this research initiative developed a series of real-time interactive computational tools focusing upon the collaborative contextual generation of a performative urban and architectural morphology for the A2 highway. This research paper elaborates upon these computational techniques based Morphogenomic approach and its resultant outcomes.
keywords Computation; Evolution; Flocking; Information; Morphogenesis
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id a19d
authors Brown, G.Z. and Novitski, Barbara-Jo
year 1988
title A Macintosh Design Studio
source Computing in Design Education [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Ann Arbor (Michigan / USA) 28-30 October 1988, pp. 151-162
summary During the past year at the University of Oregon, we have conducted an experimental design studio in which each student had an Apple Macintosh SE microcomputer on his or her studio desk. Each term we experimented with a variety of software, furniture arrangements, and pedagogical approaches to integrating computers in design teaching. Like most others who have conducted such experiments, we encountered problems in trying to use hardware and software which is fundamentally inappropriate for the intuitive, graphic, and creative processes characteristic of preliminary design. However, we solved many of these problems and have produced useful techniques that may form the beginnings of a new approach to the use of computers in architecture schools.

Our results fall in three major categories: 1) pedagogical discoveries about learning to design with a computer, which is greater than the sum of learning to design and learning about computers; 2) design exercises based on the Macintosh environment, exploiting the unique graphic qualities of the machine while simultaneously developing the ideas and drawing skills needed in the preliminary stages of design; 3) descriptions of the studio environment, including hardware, software, workstation layouts, security solutions, and other practical information that might be useful to others who are contemplating a similar project.

series ACADIA
last changed 2003/05/15 19:17

_id 0b74
authors Chow, B., Lam, S. and Tsou, J.
year 2001
title The impact of computer-based design tools for daylighting simulation and prediction for a built environment
source CAADRIA 2001 [Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 1-86487-096-6] Sydney 19-21 April 2001, pp. 169-179
summary This paper investigates the application of computer daylighting simulation to provide qualitative assessment and comparison for designers to improve the built environment especially for non-technical architecture students. A comprehensive study was carried out to evaluate different daylighting design tools and to identify the limitation of current systems in the academic field. The paper will focus mainly on the dynamic information exchange between scientific visualization and the design decision-making process. Both architectural design studio environment and practical design problems in the real world setting were experimented and evaluated. Two case studies are presented: a proposed gallery space for a museum, and a detail architectural design of a community church. Architectural design alterations are proposed, simulated and discussed. The recursive feedback of the designers are studied and documented. Through a combination of qualitative assessment and comparison, designers can evaluate and compare different design options in the computing environment before implementing in the real world situation.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2001/05/27 16:27

_id ga0018
id ga0018
authors Ciao, Quinsan
year 2000
title Hearing Architectural Design: Simulation and Auralization for Generating Better Acoustic Spaces
source International Conference on Generative Art
summary This paper with demonstration is devoted to revealing and establishing the relationship between space and sound through computational acoustic analysis, simulation and electronic synthesis of audible sound. Based on science of acoustics and computing technology, acoustic effect of an architectural 3-D design can be analyzed and the resulted sound in space can be synthesized and predicted accordingly and being heard. Auralization refers to this process of acoustic analysis, sound synthesis and audio presentation of the result in the form of audible sound. Design alternatives can be experimented until satisfactory acoustic effect is achieved. Traditionally, designers rely on some minimum and vague understanding or specialists’ experiences to predict and design for a desirable sound behavior in spaces. Most likely acoustic design and analysis are seen as a luxury remedy only affordable in large-scale theatres and concert halls. The recent available PC based auralization tools brought significance in both in terms of new knowledge towards the science and art of architectural acoustics and the methods and practice in the design process. The examples demonstrated in the presentation will indicate that the auralization technology make it possible for the designers, consultants, end users or potential occupants to examine and evaluate the performance of different designs by hearing it directly before an informed decision can be made. The case studies also illustrated that the auralization is a powerful tool for general public with common building types to uncover everyday acoustic problems that have been constantly harming their well being and would otherwise be undetected.
series other
last changed 2003/08/07 15:25

_id 958e
authors Coppola, Carlo and Ceso, Alessandro
year 2000
title Computer Aided Design and Artificial Intelligence in Urban and Architectural Design
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 301-307
summary In general, computer-aided design is still limited to a rather elementary use of the medium, as it is mainly used for the representation/simulation of a design idea w an electronic drawing-table. hich is not computer-generated. The procedures used to date have been basically been those of an electronic drawing-table. At the first stage of development the objective was to find a different and better means of communication, to give form to an idea so as to show its quality. The procedures used were 2D design and 3D simulation models, usually used when the design was already defined. The second stage is when solid 3D modelling is used to define the formal design at the conception stage, using virtual models instead of study models in wood, plastic, etc. At the same time in other connected fields the objective is to evaluate the feasibility of the formal idea by means of structural and technological analysis. The third stage, in my opinion, should aim to develop procedures capable of contributing to both the generation of the formal idea and the simultaneous study of technical feasibility by means of a decision-making support system aided by an Artificial Intelligence procedure which will lead to what I would describe as the definition of the design in its totality. The approach to architectural and urban design has been strongly influenced by the first two stages, though these have developed independently and with very specific objectives. It is my belief that architectural design is now increasingly the result of a structured and complex process, not a simple act of pure artistic invention. Consequently, I feel that the way forward is a procedure able to virtually represent all the features of the object designed, not only in its definitive configuration but also and more importantly in the interactions which determine the design process as it develops. Thus A.I. becomes the means of synthesis for models which are hierarchically subordinated which together determine the design object in its developmental process, supporting decision-making by applying processing criteria which generative modelling has already identified. This trend is currently being experimented, giving rise to interesting results from process design in the field of industrial production.
series eCAADe
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id ecaade2018_190
id ecaade2018_190
authors Gless, Henri-Jean, Halin, Gilles and Hanser, Damien
year 2018
title Need of a BIM-agile Coach to Oversee Architectural Design - From one pedagogical experiment to another
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 445-450
summary This paper is part of our research on the digital transition in architecture, and more particularly on the integration of BIM (Building Information Management) technology. Indeed, in the field of AEC in France, this transition is still ongoing and remains difficult for architects. BIM technology changes the way people work and communicate, and remains only a tool without a method behind it. His arrival then raises technical but also human questions. Our research then turns to the social sciences and project management sciences to see if the creation or adaptation of project management methods can facilitate this integration. In other fields such as industry, software engineering, or HMI design, we have seen the emergence of agile methods that focus more on design teams, and therefore communication, than on the process itself. After experimenting with several agile practices, we identified the need for a design team to be mentored by someone in the role of facilitator or coach. This article describes how we can transfer to students an agile practice called BIM-agile Coach that we experimented during a weeklong workshop.
keywords Architectural design; Agile methods; Agile practices; BIM technology; Collaborative design; Project management
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id caadria2017_040
id caadria2017_040
authors Haslop, Blaire, Schnabel, Marc Aurel and Aydin, Serdar
year 2017
title Glitch Space - Experiments on Digital Decay to Remap the Anatomy of Glitch in 3D
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 591-600
summary This research informs of a series of experimental design practices for the understanding computational glitches in architecture which appears to be equivalently a 'given' as well as an 'informed'. 'Glitch-space' is introduced to navigate the discussion through a spatial interpretation of digital decay. Currently glitches are only explored as forms of 2D art. We however, look to reconnect the underlying data to its digital architectural spatial form. Our methodology a systematic iterative process of transformational change to explore design emergence on the base of computational glitches. A numerical data driven process is explored using decayed files which are turned into 3D formal expressions. In this context, stereoscopic techniques are experimented, helping understand further how glitch can be performed within a 3D virtual environment. Ultimately we explore digital architectural form existing solely in the digital realm that confidently expresses glitch in both its design process and aesthetic outcome. Thus, our research intends to bring a level of authenticity with the notion of 'glitch-space' by discussing 3D interpretations of glitch in an architectural form.
keywords Digital Decay; Glitch; Digital Design Methods; Glitch-space; Data Interpretation
series CAADRIA
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id acadia12_169
id acadia12_169
authors Helm, Volker ; Ercan, Selen ; Gramazio, Fabio ; Kohler, Matthias
year 2012
title In-Situ Robotic Construction: Extending the Digital Fabrication Chain in Architecture
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 169-176
summary In this paper, viable applications of mobile robotic units on construction sites are explored. While expanding on potential objectives for in-situ fabrication in the construction sector, the intention is also to build upon innovative man-machine interaction paradigms to deal with the imprecision and tolerances often faced on construction sites. By combining the precision of the machine with the cognitive environmental human skills, a simple but effective mobile fabrication system is experimented for the building of algorithmically designed additive assemblies that would not be possible through conventional manual methods if the large amount of individual building blocks and the size of the structure to be built are taken into account. It is believed that this new approach to man-machine collaboration, aimed at a deeper integration of human ability with the strengths of digitally controlled machines, will result in advances in the construction sector, thus opening up new design and application fields for architects and planners.
keywords in-situ robotic fabrication , mobile robotics , 1:1 scale fabrication , additive assembly , algorithmically designed structures , man-machine interaction , cognitive , object recognition , construction site
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id caadria2017_008
id caadria2017_008
authors Hua, Hao and Jia, Tingli
year 2017
title Fabricating Without CAD Models - Experiments with G-code and KUKA KRL
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 883-892
summary This research focuses on the transformation from design to fabrication without CAD models. In contrast to the conventional "design - modeling - fabrication" workflow, which involves multiple software, we experimented with a method of programming the bespoke fabrication process, and consequently defining the artifact. Algebraic models are employed to specify the materialization process carried out by various CNC machines. We used the programming language Java to create machine instructions for 3D printers, milling machines, and robots. In this method, design and production are not two separated processes; rather we regarded them as two aspects of one whole activity. Proficiency in machines and materials could contribute to design innovation.
keywords digital fabrication; computational design; java; G-code; Kuka
series CAADRIA
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id cc90
authors Kolarevic, Branko
year 1998
title CAD@HKU
source ACADIA Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 16-17
summary Since 1993, we have experimented with Virtual Design Studios (VDS) as an on-going research project that investigates the combination of current computer-aided design (CAD), computer networks (Internet), and computer supported collaborative work (CSCW) techniques to bring together studentsat geographically distributed locations to work in a virtual atelier. In 1993 the theme of the first joint VDS project was in-fill housing for the traditional Chinese walled village of Kat Hing Wai in the New Territories north of Hong Kong, and our partners included MIT and Harvard in Boston (USA), UBC in Vancouver (Canada), and Washington University in St. Louis (USA). In 1994 we were joined by Cornell (USA) and Escola Tecnica Superior d’Arquitectura de Barcelona (Spain) to re-design Li Long housing in Shanghai, and 1995 added the Warsaw Institute of Technology (Poland) for the ACSA/Dupont competition to design a Center for Cultural and Religious Studies in Japan. The 1996 topic was an international competition to design a monument located in Hong Kong to commemorate the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. Communication was via e-mail, the WorldWide Web with limited attempts at VRML, and network video. Several teaching and research experiments conducted through these projects have demonstrated the viability and potential of using electronic, telecommunications, and videoconferencing technologies in collaborative design processes. Results of these VDS have been presented at conferences worldwide, explained in journal papers and published in Virtual Design Studio, edited by J. Wojtowicz, published by HKU Press.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/12/14 08:21

_id sigradi2011_151
id sigradi2011_151
authors Leal, André
year 2011
title A Dimensão Sônica do Mundo [The sonic dimension of the world]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 253-256
summary The works Acusma and Microfônico by the group Chelpa Ferro not only represent an inflexion point in the group's trajectory but also make reference and allow an interpretation which places Chelpa Ferro amongst several other artists who experimented with sound-noise throughout the 20th century. Since the first modernists sound was object of artistic experiments, always informed by technological innovations. Thus the group inserts itself in such context and augments it, appropriating theirselves of everyday objects to produce their sound or by creating their own specially built apparatuses to amplify inexistent sounds, as in the works here discussed.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:54

_id caadria2019_362
id caadria2019_362
authors Lee, Jaejong, Ikeda, Yasushi and Hotta, Kensuke
year 2019
title Comparative Evaluation of Viewing Elements by Visibility Heat Map of 3D Isovist - Urban planning experiment for Shinkiba in Tokyo Bay
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 341-350
summary This paper presents a visibility analysis for 3D urban environments and its possible applications for urban design. This multi-view visibility analysis tool was generated by 3D isovist in Grasshopper, Rhino. The advantage of this analysis tool is that it can be compared within the measurement area. In addition, setting a visual object different from the existing isovist. The visual object is a landmark of a city space, such as landscape or object. First, the application experimented on the relevance between the calculation time and precision by this analysis tool. Based on the results of this experiment, it applied it to an actual part of an urban space. The multi-view visibility includes confirming the possibility of a comprehensive evaluation on the urban redevelopment and change of the view caused by the building layout plan - by numerical analysis showing the visual characteristics of the area while using 3D isovist theory. The practically applied area is Shinkiba, which is a part of Tokyo's landfill site; and while using the calculated data, multi-view visibility of each plan in the simulation of the visibility map is compared and evaluated.
keywords 3D isovist; Multi-view visibility; Comprehensive integration visibility evaluation; Urban redevelopment; Algorithmic urban design
series CAADRIA
last changed 2019/04/16 08:25

_id caadria2019_426
id caadria2019_426
authors Lee, Jisun and Lee, Hyunsoo
year 2019
title Agent-driven Accessibility and Visibility Analysis in Nursing Units
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 351-360
summary This study investigates the nursing unit design for care quality and efficient operation, evaluating visibility and walking distance of nurses in the different form of layout. Sufficient visibility from nurses' station to patient rooms and corridors can increase nurses' care abilities to understand the needs and movements of patients. The workload and time caused by nurse's walking can be diverted to patient care. Isovist analysis and agent-based simulation are experimented to investigate the effects of spatial layout on visibility and nurses' accessibility to patients. In the isovist analysis, the nurses' station facing patient rooms were more effective in nurse-to-patient visibility. In the nurse's walking trail analysis, uneven walking distance of each nurse appeared due to the asymmetric patient room layout centering the nurses' station and heavy room allocation plan. Understanding the potential impacts of design parameters enables designers to predict possible behaviors in each design alternative and to make effective and efficient design decisions for the occupants. This study underlines the role of the physical environment in the delivery of patient care and nurse's well-being. It presents an evaluation framework integrating syntactic analysis and agent-based simulation to predict the effect of the spatial layouts on the hospital activities.
keywords Nursing unit design; Isovists; Agent-based modeling; Accessibility; Visibility
series CAADRIA
last changed 2019/04/16 08:25

_id 2004_238
id 2004_238
authors Mohammad Arefeen Ibrahim, M. Saleh Uddin, So-Yeon Yoon
year 2004
title Mass and Wall: The Representation of Ongoing Change in Relationship
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 238-247
summary Architecture in reality is perceived mainly through the display of space enclosures of different degrees, ranging from complete enclosure to openness. These degrees of enclosure are characterized either by subtle or often exuberant display of interplay between solids and voids. Mass and wall are the key features that play an important role in the formation of any specific relationship that develops between solids and voids. The level of relationship between wall and mass therefore is critical in shaping the overall appearance of the work. As we look back in time, walls were simply used as means of enclosing the space that was to hold specific functions. Here the obvious priority is assigned to the space and the walls are simply enslaved in order of hierarchy. But, as the history of the built environment progressed with time, this pattern of relationship was challenged and being experimented by various architects. The experiments ranged from subtle variations in the thickness of wall with regard to the associated mass, or by emphasizing its existence by the use of varying height, color, texture, etc., or even by separating it from the mass that was believed to be the mother form in earlier days. Instead of being secondary to the space it enclosed, walls started taking the primary role in terms of announcing its existence. This of course is not the only path taken by architects. As always, design concept and approaches vary from one person to the other and so does the ultimate result. This change in the pattern of relationship plays a major role in developing the formal language of contemporary architecture which needs to be acknowledged. The aim of this paper is to identify the distinct deviations in the pattern of relationship between mass and wall by depicting some of the significant works of 20th century. The role of 3D computer modeling and various animation techniques to illustrate these analytical ideas is a highlight of the presentation.
keywords Mass And Wall, 3D Computer Modeling, Animation, Representation
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id caadria2007_119
id caadria2007_119
authors Mokhtar, Ahmed
year 2007
title BIM as Learning Media for Building Construction
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary A fundamental module of any recognized architecture curricula is the understanding of buildings construction. A major component of such understanding is learning how to put together a structure system for a building. The difficulty most students find is not in knowing these structure systems in their abstract form, rather in applying this knowledge while making design decisions. Selecting the appropriate system and adapting it to the difficult conditions that accompany a particular design is the more challenging aspect to grasp. Instructors use various techniques to help students overcome this challenge. These techniques range from simply showing photos to requiring students to construct a building. This paper describes a new technique experimented with by the author. It is based on using Building Information Modeling (BIM) software as a learning media to help students face the challenge. The paper discusses the technique and the details of the experiment through a case study. The paper eventually reports on what the experiment reveals regarding the advantages and disadvantages of using BIM as a learning media.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id 7f6e
authors Morozumi, M., Homma, R., Hanmyo, T. and Takamoto, T.
year 2002
title Design Communication Experimented on an ATM V-LAN network Study of Communication Tools for Creative Collaborative Design
source Connecting the Real and the Virtual - design e-ducation [20th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-0-8] Warsaw (Poland) 18-20 September 2002, pp. 374-377
summary Tools and techniques for synchronous design communication are still underdeveloped, because insufficient bandwidth of the present Internet has inhibited practical experiments. Reviewing the results of a design communication test carried out by the authors using a TCP/IP based V-LAN on ATM network, this paper discusses the proposal that synchronous communication using application sharing tools and video conferencing tools will become common in the broadband network age, in addition to the use of bulky data on remote PCs or web databases.
series eCAADe
last changed 2002/09/09 17:19

_id 00eb
authors Morozumi, Mitsuo
year 1998
title Gradual Introduction of CAAD to Develop and Support Students’ Ability in Design Studio
source Computers in Design Studio Teaching [EAAE/eCAADe International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 09523687-7-3] Leuven (Belgium) 13-14 November 1998, pp. 107-114
summary How to integrate CAAD into design education, and how to teach CAAD as a tool of design thinking has been a difficult issue left unresolved for architecture schools. This paper discusses the possible approach to these issues which were experienced in a Japanese university. In the first section, it will summarize the present situation of CAAD education in Japan. The second section reports the framework of design education and roles of CAAD programmed in a department. The third section introduces an example of course programs and students’ work. The fourth section observes a recent outcome of experimented program, such as, students’ work, scores and some results of a student questionnaire. In the final section, it will discuss the approach that introduce different levels of CAAD usage to design studios as the level of design education advances, was successful to integrate CAAD into design education.
series eCAADe
last changed 2000/11/21 08:19

_id sigradi2014_283
id sigradi2014_283
authors Muñoz, Patricia Laura
year 2014
title Tramas expansibles [Expandible tilings]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 341-344
summary Different disciplines have studied tilings and tessellations throughout the centuries. Only in the last fifty years, hinged tilings have been scarcely examined and mainly through virtual models and animations. In the research project that relates Morphology and Digital Fabrication we have built physical models in rubber sheets with laser cutting, investigating the possibilities of creating new tilings through different transformation strategies. We have also experimented changing the level of symmetry of the tessellations while keeping the property of expansion. Several applications are being explored, mainly in product design and teaching experiences..
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id cf2011_p073
id cf2011_p073
authors Nasirova, Diliara; Erhan Halil, Huang Andy T, Woodbury Robert, Riecke Bernhard E.
year 2011
title Change Detection in 3D Parametric Systems: Human-Centered Interfaces for Change Visualization
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 751-764.
summary The research on current parametric modeling systems concerns mainly about the underlying computational technology and designs produced; and emphasizes less human factors and design tasks. We observe users being challenged in interacting with these systems regardless of their expertise level. In these systems, user’s attention is divided on system-imposed actions such as tool selection and set-up, managing obscured views, frequent view manipulation, and switching between different types of representations. In essence, control of the system can become more demanding than the design task itself. We argue that this unbalanced emphasis inhibits one of the most important functions of parametric design: agility in exploration of design alternatives by applying frequent user-introduced or system-generated changes on the parametric design models. This compounded by the effect of cognitive limitations such as change blindness and shifts in locus of attention hinders change control and imposes an extra cognitive load in design. In this paper, we made a first step in developing a set of heuristics that is going to present how designers’ change control and detection can be improved. We experimented with three interfaces that control and visualize changes on three different compositions in relation to the designer’s locus of attention: on-model, peripheral and combined views. We measured designers’ performance as the number of changes detected, number of trials, and time required to complete each change detection task. The results support our hypothesis that change blindness significantly slows down and overloads design thinking, and thus should not be ignored. Furthermore, an interesting finding shows that visualizations on the visual periphery can equally support change detection as on-model visualizations, but it is significantly easier and faster to detect changes when they are visualized in both views. These findings can guide us to develop better interfaces in 3D parametric systems.
keywords parametric design, change detection, change blindness, user-centered design, interface ergonomics, HCI, CAD, visualization
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

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