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_id 2005_811
id 2005_811
authors Anay, Hakan
year 2005
title A Critical Approach to the Use of Computers in Architectural Design
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 811-817
summary There are two dominant approaches to architectural and urbanistic problem solving: program based approaches and paradigm based approaches. Beyond these two, this paper proposes the critical/formalist approach as a paradigm for architectural design while summarizing the epistemological foundations of it, and investigates the possible contribution of the computers to this approach. The primary aim is to set a starting point for a more comprehensive future research.
keywords Design Theory, Design Methodology, Computer Aided Design, Formalism, Architectural Form
series eCAADe
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id 2006_526
id 2006_526
authors Anay, Hakan
year 2006
title Creative use of Architectural Precedents in Design Education: A Framework for a Computational Model
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 526-531
summary Present study primarily aims to outline a theoretical framework for developing a computational model towards the creative use of architectural precedents in architectural design education. It departs from a short summary of the critical/formalist approach as the model that we adopt for the studio education, and goes on with a discussion on paradigms or precedents as the containers of knowledge and as the primary focus of the studio model as important elements of architectural design education. Prior to conclusion the study sets three important problem areas concerning the model, from the computational point of view, and investigates them while trying to outline a framework towards a computational model. As a conclusion it proposes two main areas that we can utilize computers for the creative use of architectural precedents in architectural design education, and discusses a possible studio implementation of the proposed framework as the next stage of the study.
keywords Architectural Design Theory; Design Methodology; Architectural Design Education
series eCAADe
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id sigradi2013_111
id sigradi2013_111
authors Arpak, Asli
year 2013
title Abstract Styles in the Vienna Workshop: A Formalist Analysis of Josef Hoffman’s Two Designs
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 197 - 201
summary A shape grammar formalism is elaborated for the Vienna Workshop (Wiener Werkstaette) designer Josef Hoffmann’s two designs. Early instances of abstract expressionism are traced in Hoffman’s works by investigating stylistic parallels through shape rules and computations. The analysis of Hoffmann’s two works are carried out in parallel to Terry Knight’s analysis of De Stijl artists Georges Vantongerloo and Fritz Glarner paintings with the normal form grammars.
keywords Josef Hoffmann; Wiener Werkstaette; Shape grammars; Abstraction; Style
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2014_207
id caadria2014_207
authors Beorkrem, Christopher and Charles Davis II
year 2014
title A Primitive Parametric
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 893–902
summary This paper describes the products of an exhibition organized by the authors that speculatively reconstructed the ‘long history’ of Architectural Biology to recover the cultural potential of biological metaphors in contemporary architecture. The extended historical timeline of the show spanned from the second half of the nineteenth century to the present. However, in contrast to previous shows that have isolated modern architects’ interests in the formalist principles of biology, this show examined the formal and cultural prerogatives of modern architects in tandem with one another. This historical framework encouraged the speculative analysis of the social and political relevance of contemporary claims, which inherently challenges the ahistorical bias of the postcritical debates that emerged in the new millennium. Widening our gaze to examine the ‘long history’ of biological metaphors in architecture enabled us to recuperate the cultural significance that biological references have accrued within the discipline of architecture. This disciplinary history promises to repair the historical amnesia that has beset contemporary architects who limit their analysis of biology to formalist principles of design. A key component of the exhibit was the conceptual pairing of the ‘primitive’ (cultural) concerns of nineteenth-century figures with the ‘parametric’ (formal) concerns of postwar and contemporary architects. Using Gottfried Semper as a representative figure for the former position, we reinterpreted the inherent cultural meaning of postwar and contemporary architectural works, including those completed by Frei Otto, Achim Menges, Lars Spuybroek, SHoP, and Evan Douglis. The material potential of this approach was expressed in the making of analytical maps, digital models, and conceptual drawings that explored the latent ‘primitive’ themes of contemporary ‘parametric’ designs.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

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