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authors Soeda, M. and Ohno, R.
year 1997
title A study of wayfinding strategies using a visual simulator
source Architectural and Urban Simulation Techniques in Research and Education [3rd EAEA-Conference Proceedings]
summary In the previous study, the influence of the visual characteristics of the street-scape on wayfinding performance was investigated by an experiment using a user-controlled space-sequence simulator. Since it revealed that the performance was quite different among the subjects, the present study intends to clarify the influence of wayfinding strategies which are expected differ with individuals. Three scale models (1/150) of an identical maze pattern each with different visual information were used in the simulator which was designed to allow a subject to move through a model space and visually experience a travel sequence. Three conditions of visual information were : 1) no characteristics, with monotonous surfaces and uniform width of streets, 2) variations in spatial arrangements, with changes of street width and corner shapes, 3) symbolic information, provided by letters and photos of newspaper on the walls. Each of three male and three female subjects was first asked to memorize the route by viewing a predetermined continuous sequence of model street as shown on the screen, and were then asked to take the instructed route. This procedure was repeated until the subject could reach the end of the route. After the subjects reached the goal, they were asked to draw a cognitive map of the route. This series of experiment was conducted our times: 5, 12, 36 days after the first experiment. On and after the second experiment, the subjects were asked to explain the route verbally at the beginning of the experiment. An analysis of the results shows that some people shift their wayfinding strategies reasonably according to visual information on the route, and other people tend to rely on mainly one type of information to memorize the route at any situation. It also showed that people can take the right route by obtaining elemental information on the spot even if they have no clear memory in advance.
keywords Architectural Endoscopy, Endoscopy, Simulation, Visualisation, Visualization, Real Environments
series EAEA
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