CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

authors Fargas, Josep and Papazian, Pegor
year 1992
title Metaphors in Design: An Experiment with a Frame, Two Lines and Two Rectangles
source Mission - Method - Madness [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-01-2] 1992, pp. 13-22
summary The research we will discuss below originated from an attempt to examine the capacity of designers to evaluate an artifact, and to study the feasibility of replicating a designer's moves intended to make an artifact more expressive of a given quality. We will present the results of an interactive computer experiment, first developed at the MIT Design Research Seminar, which is meant to capture the subjectís actions in a simple design task as a series of successive "moves"'. We will propose that designers use metaphors in their interaction with design artifacts and we will argue that the concept of metaphors can lead to a powerful theory of design activity. Finally, we will show how such a theory can drive the project of building a design system.

When trying to understand how designers work, it is tempting to examine design products in order to come up with the principles or norms behind them. The problem with such an approach is that it may lead to a purely syntactical analysis of design artifacts, failing to capture the knowledge of the designer in an explicit way, and ignoring the interaction between the designer and the evolving design. We will present a theory about design activity based on the observation that knowledge is brought into play during a design task by a process of interpretation of the design document. By treating an evolving design in terms of the meanings and rules proper to a given way of seeing, a designer can reduce the complexity of a task by focusing on certain of its aspects, and can manipulate abstract elements in a meaningful way.

series ACADIA
email fargas@dtec.es
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100%; open Arnheim, Rudolf (1969) Find in CUMINCAD Visual Thinking , The University of California Press, Berkeley
100%; open Ericsson, K. Anders and Herbert, Simon (1985) Find in CUMINCAD Protocol Analysis: Verbal Reports as Data , The MIT Press, Cambridge
100%; open Fargas, Josep (1991) Find in CUMINCAD Designing Rules: Heuristics of Invention in Design , Master's thesis, MIT School of Architecture and Planning
100%; open Harman, Gilbert (1986) Find in CUMINCAD Change in View: Principles of Reasoning , The MIT Press, Cambridge
100%; open Heilbron, Kenneth (1939) Find in CUMINCAD Composition for the Amateur , Ziff-Davis, New York
100%; open Mac Cormac, Earl (1988) Find in CUMINCAD A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor , The MIT Press, Cambridge
100%; open Papazian, Pegor (1991) Find in CUMINCAD Principles, Opportunism and Seeing in Design , MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Memo No.1309. Also presented at the IJCAI '91 workshop on AI in Design, Sydney, Australia
100%; open Ricoeur, Paul (1979) Find in CUMINCAD The Metaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination, and Feeling , On Metaphor, Sheldon Sacks, Ed., The University of Chicago Press, Chicago

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