CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

authors Hellgardt, Michael
year 1993
title Architectural Theory and Design Grammars
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary The idea of artificial brains and artificial intelligence (AI) has been subject to criticism. The objection of J. Searle, for instance, which has been published in 1984 and which was partially directly addressed to one of the centres of AI, the Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, is mainly based on two points: (1) interactions between physiological and mental functions, and (2) the intentionality and context-relatedness of meaning. - With an emphasis on architectural design, this paper is about the second point, because the problem of meaning is a neuralgic point in the discussion of "artificial intelligence in design" (AID). Technical parameters are incompatible with mechanisms of meaning in any field of artistic, cultural or non-technical expression. This point, that is the relation between acts of meaning and acts of technical problem-solving and, connectedly, the relation between technological and architectural design, has been widely ignored in the discussion on AID. The development seems to be dominated by the tacit assumption that architecture can be articulated and generated purely in technical and formal terms of information processing beyond the field of architecture itself. Design and shape grammars have become a well established field in the discussion of AID, also with respect to architecture. But questions of architectural history and theory are touched on only incidentally and not sufficiently in this discussion. The problem is not, in other words, simply to include more or less unrelated cases of architecture, or architectural concepts -even if these are famous ones, such as Laugier's original hut for instance but to establish structural relations between arguments of architectural theory and arguments of AID.

series eCAADe
email michael@hellgar.iaf.nl
full text file.pdf (91,777 bytes)
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100%; open Barthes, R. (1957) Find in CUMINCAD Mythologies , Paris
100%; open Flemming, U., Baykan, C.A. and Coyne, R. (1992) Find in CUMINCAD Hierarchical generate-and-test vs constraint-directed search , Artificial intelligence in design 192, Dordrecht
100%; open Mitchell, W.J., Ligget, R.S., Pollalis, S.N. and Tan, M. (1992) Find in CUMINCAD Integration shape grammars and design analysis , CAAD futures 91, Braunschweig/Wiesbaden
100%; open Searle, J. (1984) Find in CUMINCAD Minds, brains and science , British Broadcasting Cooperation, in particular part 2
100%; open Searle, J. (1992) Find in CUMINCAD Speech acts , Cambridge

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