CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

authors Turk, Z., Cerovsek, T. and Martens, B.
year 2001
title The Topics of CAAD. A Machine's Perspective
source Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures [ISBN 0-7923-7023-6] Eindhoven, 8-11 July 2001, pp. 547-560
summary Ontology of a scientific field typically includes a taxonomy that breaks up the field into several topics. The break-up is present in the organisation of information in books, libraries and on the Web. An on-line database of papers related to CAAD called CUMINCAD was created and it includes over 3000 papers with abstracts. They are available through the search interface - one knows an author or a keyword and can find the papers where such keyword or author's name appears. Alternative interface would be through browsing papers topic by topic. The papers, however, are not categorised. In this paper, we present the efforts to use the machine learning and data mining techniques to automatically group the papers into clusters and create a set of keywords that would label a cluster. The hypothesis was that an algorithm would create clusters of papers automatically and that the clusters would be similar to the groupings a human would have made. We investigated several algorithms for doing an analysis like that but were unable to prove the original hypothesis. We conclude that it requires more than objective statistical analysis of the words in abstracts to create an ontology of CAAD.
keywords CAAD, Machine Learning, Clustering, Pattern Recognition
series CAAD Futures
email ziga.turk@fagg.uni-lj.si
full text file.pdf (260,445 bytes)
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100%; open Brin, S. and Lawrence, P. (1998) Find in CUMINCAD The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine , Computer Science Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA,http://www7.scu.edu.au/programme/fullpapers/1921/com1921.htm (modified 23 March1998)
100%; open Brown, A., Knight, M. and Berridge, P. (Eds.) (1999) Find in CUMINCAD Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 , [Conference Proceedings], eCAADe Conference Proceedings / Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, 773 p.
100%; open Christiansson, P. (1998) Find in CUMINCAD Knowledge Nodes , I. Smith (ed) Artificial Intelligence in Structural Engineering, Springer, Berlin, pp. 197-213
100%; open Hovestadt, Ludger (1993) Find in CUMINCAD A4 Digital Building: Extensive Computer Support for Building Design, Construction, and Management , CAAD Futures 93 [Conference Proceedings] (Pittsburgh / USA), pp. 405-421
100%; open Maher, M.L. and Simoff, S. (1998) Find in CUMINCAD Knowledge discovery from multimedia case libraries , I. Smith (ed) Artificial Intelligence in Structural Engineering, Springer, Berlin, pp. 197-213
100%; open Martens, B. and Turk, Z. (1999) Find in CUMINCAD Working Experiences with a Cumulative Index on CAD: "CUMINCAD" , Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000, eCAADe ConferenceProceedings, Liverpool, (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 327-333
100%; open McCallum, A.K. (1996) Find in CUMINCAD Bow: A toolkit for statistical language modeling, text retrieval,classification and clustering. , http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~mccallum/bow, 1996
100%; open Mladenic, D. (1999) Find in CUMINCAD Text-learning and related intelligent agents , IEEE Expert special issue on Applications of Intelligent Information Retrieval, July-August 1999
100%; open Salton, G. (1989) Find in CUMINCAD Automatic Text Processing , Addison-Wesley, Reading MA
100%; open Scott, S. (1998) Find in CUMINCAD Feature Engineering for a Symbolic Approach to Text Classification , Ms. Thesis, University of Ottawa Computer Science
100%; open Seni, D.A. and Hodges, W. (1996) Find in CUMINCAD Common grounds and relationships between information technology and philosophy , Association for Information Sciences, America's Conference 96. 2: 398-400
100%; open Turk, Z. (1999) Find in CUMINCAD WODA: A Slim Web Oriented Database, Heterogeneous and InternetDatabases , City University of Hong Kong Press, Hong Kong, pp. 95-109
100%; open Tweed, Christopher (1999) Find in CUMINCAD Prescribing Designs, Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 , [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 51-57
100%; open Van Rijsbergen, C.J (1979) Find in CUMINCAD Information Retrieval, 2nd ed. , London, Butterworths
100%; open Willett, P. (1988) Find in CUMINCAD Recent Trends in hierarchic document clustering: A critical review , Information Processing and Management, Vol. 24, No. 5
100%; open Zamir, O. and Etzioni, O. (1998) Find in CUMINCAD Web Document Clustering: A Feasibility Demonstration , SIGIR

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