CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

authors Koutamanis, A., Mitossi, V.
year 1996
title SIMULATION FOR ANALYSIS: REQUIREMENTS FROM ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN
source Full-Scale Modeling in the Age of Virtual Reality [6th EFA-Conference Proceedings]
summary Computerization has been a positive factor in the evolution of both kinds of analysis with respect to cost, availability and efficiency. Knowledge-based systems offer an appropriate implementation environment for normative analysis which can be more reliable and economical than evaluation by human experts. Perhaps more significant is the potential of interactive computer simulation where designs can be examined intuitively in full detail and at the same time by quantitative models. The advantages of this coupling are evident in the achievements of scientific visualization. Another advantage of computational systems is that the analysis can be linked to the design representation, thereby adding feedback to the conventional visualization of designs in drawing and modeling systems. Such connections are essential for the development of design guidance systems capable of reflecting consequences of partial inadequacies or changes to other aspects in a transparent and meaningful network of design constraints.

The possibilities of computer simulation also extend to issues inadequately covered by normative analysis and in particular to dynamic aspects of design such as human movement and circulation. The paper reports on a framework for addressing two related problems, (a) the simulation of fire escape from buildings and (b) the simulation of human movement on stairs. In both cases we propose that current evaluation techniques and the underlying design norms are too abstract to offer a measure of design success, as testified by the number of fatal accidents in fires and on stairs. In addition, fire escape and stair climbing are characterized by great variability with respect to both the form of the possible designs and the profiles of potential users. This suggests that testing prototypical forms by typical users and publishing the results as new, improved norms is not a realistic proposition for ensuring a global solution. Instead, we should test every design individually, within its own context. The development of an affordable, readily available system for the analysis and evaluation of aspects such as fire escape and stair safety can be based on the combination of the technologies of virtual reality and motion capture. Testing of a design by a number of test people in an immersion space provides not only intuitive evaluations by actual users but also quantitative data on the cognitive and proprioceptive behaviour of the test people. These data can be compiled into profiles of virtual humans for further testing of the same or related designs.

keywords Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
email a.koutamanis@bk.tudelft.nl
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/efa/
full text file.pdf (331,585 bytes)
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100%; open Koutamanis, A. (1995) Find in CUMINCAD Multilevel Analysis of Fire Escape Routes in a Virtual Environment , National University of Singapore: Singapore: Centre for Advanced Studies in Architecture
100%; open Koutamanis, A. (1995) Find in CUMINCAD Recognition and Retrieval in Visual Architectural Databases , Visual Databases in Architecture. Recent Advances in Design and Decision Making, Koutamanis, A.; Timmermans, H. and Vermeulen, I. (Eds.), Avebury: Aldershot
100%; open Koutamanis, A. (1996) Find in CUMINCAD Elements and Coordinating Devices in Architecture: An Initial Formulation , 3rd Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Conference [Part One: Architecture Proceedings], Eindhoven
100%; open Marr, D. (1982) Find in CUMINCAD Computer Vision , San Fransisco: W.H. Freeman
100%; open Maver, T. (1987) Find in CUMINCAD Software Tools for the Technical Evaluation of Design Alternatives , CAAD Futures '87 [Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computer-aided Architectural Design Futures], Maver, T.; Wagter, H. (Eds.), Amsterdam: Elsevier
100%; open Mitossi, V.; Koutamanis, A. (1996) Find in CUMINCAD Parametric Design of Stairs , 3rd Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Conference [Part One: Architecture Proceedings], Eindhoven
100%; open Templer, J. (1992) Find in CUMINCAD The Staircase: Studies of Hazards, Falls, and Safer Design , Cambrigde: MIT Press

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