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authors Hui, K.C.
year 2002
title Free-form design using axial curve-pairs
source Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 34 (8) (2002) pp. 583-595
summary Deformation of 3D shapes usually requires the use of a deformation tool. The freeform deformation technique requires the use of a lattice of control point for deforming anobject. This may require a synchronized movement of the lattice control points in order to obtain the desired effects. The axial deformation technique allows an object to bedeformed by manipulating an axial curve. However, unexpected twist of the object may be obtained. This is a result of the lack of control on the local coordinate frame of thecurve. This paper presents a technique for deforming objects with a set of axial curve-pairs. The use of a curve-pair allows the local coordinate frame to be controlledintuitively. A curve-pair is composed of a primary and an orientation curve. The orientation curve is an approximate offset of the primary curve. A technique is proposed formaintaining the relation between the primary and the orientation curve when the curve-pair is adjusted. By associating a complex 3D object to a curve-pair, the object can bestretched, bended, and twisted intuitively through manipulating the curve-pair. This deformation technique is particularly suitable for manipulating complex shapes (e.g.decorative components) in industrial and aesthetic design, and is also suitable for modelling characters and animals with flexible bodies. Adjusting the curve-pair according tosome motion constraints produces different postures of a character or animal model. This in turn can be used as decorative components for aesthetic design.
keywords Cross-Sectional Design, Sweeping, Axial Curve-Pair, Axial Deformations, Aesthetic Design, Geometric Modelling
series journal paper
references Content-type: text/plain
last changed 2003/05/15 19:33
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