CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id acadia11_122
authors Pigram, David; McGee, Wes
year 2011
title Formation Embedded Design: A methodology for the integration of fabrication constraints into architectural design
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 122-131
summary This paper presents a methodology for the integration of fabrication constraints within the architectural design process through custom written algorithms for fabrication. The method enables the translation from three-dimensional geometry, or algorithmically produced data, into appropriately formatted machine codes for direct CNC fabrication within a single CAD modeling environment. This process is traditionally one-way with part files translated via dedicated machine programming software (CAM). By integrating the toolpath creation into the design package, with an open framework, the translation from part to machine code can be automated, parametrically driven by the generative algorithms or explicitly modeled by the user. This integrated approach opens the possibility for direct and instantaneous feedback between fabrication constraints and design intent. The potentials of the method are shown by discussing the computational workflow and process integration of a diverse set of fabrication techniques in conjunction with a KUKA 7-Axis Industrial Robot. Two-dimensional knife-cutting, large-scale additive fabrication (foam deposition), robot-mounted hot-wire cutting, and robot-assisted rod-bending are each briefly described. The productive value of this research is that it opens the possibility of a much stronger network of feedback relations between formational design processes and material and fabrication concerns.
keywords robotic fabrication; multi-axis; file-to-factory, open-source fabrication, parametric modeling, computational design
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email david.pigram@uts.edu.au
full text file.pdf (2,977,707 bytes)
references Content-type: text/plain
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100%; open Bernstein, P. (2004) Find in CUMINCAD Digital representation and process change in the building industry , Perspecta 35 - Building Codes, The Yale Architectural Journal, eds. E. Huge, Interleaf 128-129. London: The MIT Press
100%; open Brell-Cokcan, S., and J. Braumann (2010) Find in CUMINCAD A new parametric design tool for robot milling , Life In:Formation - Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture, 357-363. New York: ACADIA
100%; open Carpo, M. (2011) Find in CUMINCAD The alphabet and the algorithm (writing architecture) , Synopsis. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press
100%; open Ceccato, C. (2011) Find in CUMINCAD Galaxy Soho , Fabricate: Making Digital Architecture, eds. R. Glynn and B. Sheil, 168-175. London: Riverside Architectural Press
100%; open Pigram, D., and I. Maxwell (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Inorganic speciation: Matter, behavior and formation in architecture , Contemporary Digital Architecture: Design and Techniques, D. Kottas. Barcelona: Links International
100%; open Pigram, D., and W. McGee (2011) Find in CUMINCAD Matter and making , Fabricate: Making Digital Architecture, eds. R. Glynn and B. Sheil, 74-85. London: Riverside Architectural Press

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