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id acadia13_043
authors Michalatos, Panagiotis; Payne, Andrew O.
year 2013
title Working with Multi-scale Material Distributions
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 43-50
summary At present, computer aided design (CAD) software has proven ill equipped to manage the spatial variations in material properties. Most digital design packages employ a surface modeling paradigm where a solid object is that which is enclosed by a set of boundaries (known as boundary representations or “B-rep” for short). In surface models, material representations are often treated as homogenous and discrete. Yet, natural materials are capable of structures where the variability of material within a volume is defined at a multiplicity of scales and according to various functional criteria. With the advent of new 3D printing techniques, a new possibility emerges—allowing new multi-material composite objects to be fabricated in a single build volume with a high degree of dimensional accuracy and repeatability. However, a big limitation facing complex high resolution digital fabrication comes from the software’s inability to represent or handle material variability. This paper proposes a new digital interface for working with multi-material distributions at a variety of scales using a rasterization process. Beyond the immediate benefit of precise graduated control over the material distribution within a 3D printed volume, our interface opens new creative opportunities by enabling the use of existing image processing techniques (such as filtering, mapping, etc.) which can be applied to three-dimensional voxel fields. Examples are provided which explore the potential of multi-scale material distributions.
keywords next generation technology, multi-material 3D printing, digital interfaces, voxel fields, rasterization
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email andyopayne@gmail.com
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