CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id acadia15_123
authors Askarinejad, Ali; Chaaraoui, Rizkallah
year 2015
title Spatial Nets: the Computational and Material Study of Reticular Geometries
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 123-135
summary Reticular systems are in many aspects a distinct taxonomy of volumetric geometries. In comparison with the conventional embodiment of a ‘volume’ that encapsulates a certain quantity of space with a shell reticular geometries emerge from the accumulation of micro elements to define a gradient of space. Observed in biological systems, such structures result from their material properties and formation processes as well as often ‘simple’ axioms that produce complex results. In micro or macro levels, from forest tree canopies to plant cell walls these porous volumes are not shaped to have a singular ‘solution’ for a purpose; they provide the fundamental geometric characteristics of a ‘line cloud’ that is simultaneously flexible in response to its environment, porous to other systems (light, air, liquids) and less susceptible to critical damage. The porosity of such systems and their volumetric depth also result in kinetic spatial qualities in a 4D architectural space. Built upon a ‘weaving’ organization and the high performance material properties of carbon fiber composite, this research focuses on a formal grammar that initiates the complex system of a reticular volume. A finite ‘lexical’ axiom is consisted of the basic characters of H, M and L responding to the anchor points on the highest, medium and lower levels of the extruding loom. The genome thus produces a string of data that in the second phase of programming are assigned to 624 points on the loom. The code aims to distribute the nodes across the flat line cloud and organize the sequence for the purpose of overlapping the tensioned strings. The virtually infinite results are then assessed through an evolutionary solver for confining an array of favorable results that can be then selected from by the designer. This research focuses on an approximate control over the fundamental geometric characteristics of a reticular system such as node density and directionality. The proposal frames the favorable result of the weave to be three-dimensional and volumetric – avoiding distinctly linear or surface formations.
keywords Reticular Geometries, Weaving, Line Clouds, Three-dimensional Form-finding, Carbon fiber, Prepreg composite, Volumetric loom, Fiberous Materials, Weaving fabrication, Formal Language, Lexical design, Evolutionary solver
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email aashiraz@umich.edu
full text file.pdf (8,471,791 bytes)
references Content-type: text/plain
details citation check to select
100%; open Allen, S.R., R.S. Fiske, Y. Tamura (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Effects of Water Depth on Pumice Formation in Submarine Domes at Sumisu, Izu-Bonin Arc, Western Pacific , Geology 38: 391-394
100%; open Benjamin, S.P. and S. Zschokke (2003) Find in CUMINCAD Webs of Theridiid Spiders: Construction, Structure and Evolution , Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 78(3): 293–305
100%; open Bensaude-Vincent, B. (2002) Find in CUMINCAD Chemists and the School of Nature , New Journal of Chemistry 26( 1): 1-5
100%; open Broudy, E. (1993) Find in CUMINCAD The Book of Looms: a History of the Handloom from Ancient Times to the Present , Hanover: Brown University Press
100%; open Cabanas, K.M. (2006) Find in CUMINCAD Gego’s Performative Geometry , Gego 1957 - 1988: Thinking the Line, ed. N. Rottner and P. Weibel. Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz
100%; open Donnet, J.B. and R. Chand Bansal (1990) Find in CUMINCAD Carbon Fibers , New York: M. Dekker.S
100%; open Duncan Bassett, J.H. and G.R. Williams (2009) Find in CUMINCAD The Skeletal Phenotypes of TR? and TR? Mutant Mice , J Mol Endocrinol 42: 269-282
100%; open Essinger, J. (2004) Find in CUMINCAD Jacquard’s Web: How a Hand-loom Led to the Birth of the Information Age , Oxford: Oxford University Press
100%; open Hensel, M., A. Menges, M. Weinstock (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Fibres, Textiles and Nets: Part 2 , Emergent Technologies and Design. Oxon: Routledge
100%; open Huiskes R., R. Huimerman, G. Harry van Lenthe, and J.D. Janssen (2008) Find in CUMINCAD Effects of Mechanical Forces on Maintenance and Adaptation of Form in Trabecular Bone , Nature 405: 704-706
100%; open Ko, F.K. and J. Jovicic (2004) Find in CUMINCAD Modeling of Mechanical Properties and Structural Design of Spider Web , Biomacromolecules 5(3): 780-785
100%; open Lynn, G. and M. Gage. (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Composites, Surfaces, and Software: High Performance Architecture , New Haven, Conn.: Yale School of Architecture
100%; open McQuaid, M. and P. Beesley (2005) Find in CUMINCAD Extreme Textiles: Designing for High Performance , New York: Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum
100%; open Pugno, N. (2013) Find in CUMINCAD Synergetic Material and Structure Optimization Yields Robust Spider Web Anchorages , Small 9(16): 2747-2756
100%; open Vincent J.F.V., O.A. Bogatyreva, N.R. Bogatyrev, A. Bowyer, A.K. Pahl (2006) Find in CUMINCAD Biomimetics: Its Practice and Theory , Journal of The Royal Society Interface 3(9): 471-482

last changed 2016/08/05 11:37
HOMELOGIN (you are user _anon_244638 from group guest) Works Powered by SciX Open Publishing Services 1.002