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id ascaad2010_231
authors Turrin, M.; R. Stouffs and S. Sariyildiz
year 2010
title Parametric Design of the Vela Roof
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 231-240
summary Due to the increased request for representative structures and for spaces to be used independent of the weather conditions, contemporary cities increasingly integrate public covered spaces (shadowed squares and streets, courtyards, historic commercial galleries, etc.) in the urban fibre. Facing the design of large roof structures for semi outdoor spaces is increasingly common for architects and engineers. When focusing on large roofs, aesthetics, structural performance and economics often dominate the design process. However, the current increased emphasis on energy-related aspects generates new challenges. Particularly, the use of renewable energy resources needs to be confronted. In this paper we will address the subject through a case study whose design aimed at integrating performance evaluations in the very early stages of the process. The case study focuses on the so-called “Vela roof”. This roof is part of a larger project currently under construction in Bologna (Italy). The focus of the study concerns the use of on-site renewable climate (energy) resources with special attention given passive reduction of summer overheating and daylight. For these tasks a parametric model was developed to support the decision making process and the paper will present its potential with respect to performance-oriented design during the conceptual design phase of roof structure. The very first conceptual design developed by the architectural office was assumed as a starting point for the inclusion of performance criteria. In the preliminary design of the roof uncomfortable conditions were expected under the whole roof in the summer. Various strategies for improving the thermal comfort were investigated, involving a large set of combined systems. Not all of these will be detailed in this paper. Instead we will focus on the ones directly affected by the geometry of the roof. Those are mainly air flow for cooling and the reduction of solar gain, in combination with their effects on daylight. Their investigation was based on a chain of dependencies to be integrated in the design process. With respect to that, parametric modelling was used. Parametric modelling allows both geometrical entities and their relationships to be represented. These relationships are structured in a hierarchical chain of dependencies, established during the preliminary parameterization process. The independent properties of the model are usually expressed through independent parameters, and their variations generate different configurations of the model. By making use of this potential, three project scales were parametrically explored. At the large scale, parametric variations of the overall shape of the roof were investigated in relation to cooling through ventilation and here the parametric model allowed for the generation of both different configurations of the roof, including its structural morphology and variations of its structural tessellation. At the medium scale, the integration of openable modules was investigated in relation to air extraction for cooling; with respect to this, the parametric model allows exploring openings based on variations of size and distribution. At the small scale, various options were explored for the cladding system, in order to reduce the direct solar gain while still allowing the income of indirect natural light. The parametric model was used to investigate the configuration of self-shading modules and their integration in the structure. Specific emphasis will be given to the small scale. The advantages in design process and the current limits of the parametric modelling approach used here will be discussed in the paper.
series ASCAAD
email m.turrin@tudelft.nl
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100%; open JOSEPHSON, JR., CHANDRASEKARAN, CARROLL, M., IYER, N., WASACZ, B.,RIZZONI, G. (1997) Find in CUMINCAD Exploration of Large Design Spaces , Proceeding of AAAI-98, Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Madison (Wisconsin)

100%; open NADER, S. (2009) Find in CUMINCAD Paths to a low-carbon economy – the Masdar example , Energy Procedia Volume 1, Issue 1, February 2009, Pages 3951-3958

100%; open TOURRE, V. AND MIGUET, F. (2009) Find in CUMINCAD A light-based parametric model , Proceedings of Caad Futures 2009 International Conference - Montreal (Canada)

100%; open TURRIN, M., VAN DEN HAM, E., KILIAN, A., AND SARIYILDIZ, S. (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Integrated design of a large span roof: a parametric investigation on structural morphology, thermal comfort and daylight , Proceedings of ICCCBE 2010, International Conference, Nottingham (UK)

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