CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id ascaad2012_022
authors Borham, Ahmad; Lobna Sherif and Osama Tolba
year 2012
title Resilient Rules - Culture and Computation in Traditional Built Environments
source CAAD | INNOVATION | PRACTICE [6th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2012 / ISBN 978-99958-2-063-3], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 21-23 February 2012, pp. 211-221
summary This study explores the influence of the socio-cultural rules, based upon Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), on the complexity of the traditional built environment. This system of rules organized the societal activities, including decisions and activities related to design and construction in the Arab-Islamic city. Considering the city as a complex system, the study will try to show how this rules system made the Arab-Islamic city resilient and adaptive. Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) are non-linear, self-organizing systems that have the ability to adapt to changing conditions through changing the rules that organize the random autonomous interactions between agents in the environment. This adaptation takes place through gradual gained experience that is reflected in the behavior of agents. This study attempts to interrelate different bodies of literature (Complexity/Chaos theory and built environment studies) in a single framework that aims to show that the socio-cultural rules system based on fiqh was a major factor in the resilience of the traditional built environment. These interrelations are illustrated using a graph called Computational Rules Graph (CRG). The CRG relates the traditional rules system to attributes of complex systems in a graph that can be modeled computationally. Traditional rules (codes of conduct) are proscriptive (non-deterministic), defining what is prohibited, thereby producing autonomous environments where agents had control over their immediate environment. In comparison, contemporary rules of the built environment (building codes) are prescriptive (deterministic), subscribing definite actions that need to take place by the stake-holder (agent) neglecting user needs and preferences. The application of these traditional rules system increased the agentís autonomy and freedom of action. It also helped establish stronger social networks among agents, which resulted in a resilient environment.
series ASCAAD
email vaborhamz@gmail.com
more http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2012/papers/ascaad2012_022.pdf
full text file.pdf (364,778 bytes)
references Content-type: text/plain
details citation check to select
100%; open AKBAR, J. (1984) Find in CUMINCAD Responsibility and the Traditional Muslim Built Environment , Singapore: Concept Media
100%; open AKBAR, J. (1988) Find in CUMINCAD Crisis in the built environment: The case of the Muslim city , M. B. Sevcenko, In Theories and Principles of Design in the Architecture of Islamic Societies. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture
100%; open AKBAR, J. (1988) Find in CUMINCAD Accretion of Decisions: A design Strategy , Massachusetts: MIT
100%; open AL-HATHLOUL, S. A. (1981) Find in CUMINCAD Tradition, Continuity and Change in the Physical Environment: the Arab Muslim City , Nexus Network Journal, 11(2), 217-242
100%; open BEN HAMOUCHE, M. (2009) Find in CUMINCAD Can Chaos Theory Explain Complexity in Urban Fabric? Applications in Traditional Muslim settlements , London: University East London
100%; open COATES, P., AND THUM, R. (1995) Find in CUMINCAD The Generative modelling Workbook , NewYork: Viking Penguin Inc
100%; open GLEICK, J. (1987) Find in CUMINCAD Chaos: Making a new science , Birmingham: Birmingham City University
100%; open HAGHANI, T. (2011) Find in CUMINCAD Fractal Geometry, Complexity, and the Nature of Urban Morphological Evolution: Developing a fractal analysis tool to assess urban morphological change at neighbourhood level , The Arabian Journal of Science and Engineering, Volume 7, Number 2., 70-79
100%; open HAKIM, B. S. (1982) Find in CUMINCAD Arab-Islamic Urban Structure , Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 2(11)
100%; open HAKIM, B. S. (1994) Find in CUMINCAD The "Urf" and its Role in Diversifying the Architecture , P. Oliver, Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World (pp. pp. 566-568.). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press
100%; open HAKIM, B. S. (1997) Find in CUMINCAD Symbolism and Decoration , London: Kegan Paul Int
100%; open HAKIM, B. S. (2008) Find in CUMINCAD Arab Islamic Cities: Building and Planning Principles , Berlin: Springer
100%; open HOEKSTRA, A., KROC, J., AND SLOOT, P. (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Simulating Complex Systems , Addison-Wesley Publishing Company
100%; open HOLLAND, J. (1995) Find in CUMINCAD Hidden order : How Adaption Builds Complexity , New York: Vintage Books
100%; open JACOBS, J. (1961) Find in CUMINCAD The Death and Life of Great American Cities , New York: SCRIBNER
100%; open JOHNSON, S. (2001) Find in CUMINCAD Emergence: The connected lives of Ants, Cities, Brains and Software , Berlin: Berlin Technical University
100%; open KRńMER, J., AND KUNZE, J.-O. (2005) Find in CUMINCAD Design Code , Leiden: Leiden university press
100%; open OTTO, J. M. (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Sharia Incorporated: a Comparitive Overview of the Legal Systems of Twelve Muslim Countries in Past and Present , Springer US, p. 3-31

last changed 2012/05/15 18:46
HOMELOGIN (you are user _anon_585714 from group guest) Works Powered by SciX Open Publishing Services 1.002