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authors Tolman, F. P. and Kuiper, P.
year 1991
title Some Integration Requirements for Computer Integrated Building
source The Computer Integrated Future, CIB W78 Seminar. september, 1991. Unnumbered : ill. includes a short bibliography
summary Introduction of computer technology in the Building and Construction industries follows a bottom-up approach. Bottom up approaches always lead to (1) communication problems on higher levels -- in this case recognized as 'islands of automation' -- subsequently followed by more recently (2) a plea for integration. Although the word 'integration' quickly became in vogue, it is not clear what it really means and what it is that we are supposed to integrate. Another interesting and pressing question is: 'How to integrate the different integration efforts'? The paper discusses five hierarchical technical levels of integration. Each level is elaborated in some detail. Also the relations between the levels are brought into perspective. Non-technical integration requirements (e.g. social, organizational, or legal) are not discussed
keywords integration, systems, CAD, building, construction
series CADline
references Content-type: text/plain
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24
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