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id caadria2018_343
authors Kalantar, Negar and Borhani, Alireza
year 2018
title Informing Deformable Formworks - Parameterizing Deformation Behavior of a Non-Stretchable Membrane via Kerfing
source T. Fukuda, W. Huang, P. Janssen, K. Crolla, S. Alhadidi (eds.), Learning, Adapting and Prototyping - Proceedings of the 23rd CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 17-19 May 2018, pp. 339-348
summary The process for constructing freeform buildings composed of many non-repetitive shapes and waste-free formwork systems remains relatively unexplored. This research reviews a method for fabricating complex double-curved shapes without utilizing single-use formworks. This work answers questions regarding the manufacturing of these shapes in an environmentally-friendly and economic fashion. The proposed method, called a "transformative formwork," could replace state-of-the-art CNC-milled molds and is potentially suitable for large-scale construction. The transformative formwork uses a stretchable membrane or "interpolation layer" that can be manipulated into any curved surface by using vertical bars capable of being rearranged into different heights. Here, to accurately generate most of the smooth, double-curved surfaces, laser kerfing is used for bending interpolation layer into almost any complex shape. A parametric model simplifies local or global changes to the density of the kerfing patterns, modifying the deformation behavior of the layer. Several kerfed interpolation layers produced for four transformative formworks showed that the application of this method.
keywords Transformative Formwork, Interpolation Layer, Relief-cut Patterns, Positive & Negative Gaussian Curvatures, Interlocking Archimedean Spiral-Patterns, Kerfing
series CAADRIA
email kalantar@tamu.edu
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100%; open Akleman, E., Zarrinmehr, S., Ettehad, E., Kalantar, N., Borhani, A. and Sueda, S. (2017) Find in CUMINCAD An Algorithmic Approach to Obtain Generalized 2D Meander-Patterns , Proceedings of Bridges 2017: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Education, Culture, Waterloo, Canada

100%; open Borhani, A. and Kalantar, N. (2017) Find in CUMINCAD TRANSFORMATIVE FORMWORKS: Towards a Mass Customization of Double-Curved Surfaces , Shape Modeling International (SMI-2017)

100%; open Grnewalda, P. and Eigenraama, P. (2014) Find in CUMINCAD Optimization of the Flexible Mould Process for the Production of Double-Curved Concrete Elements , 1st Concrete Innovation Conference

100%; open Munro, c. and Walczyk, D. (2007) Find in CUMINCAD Reconfigurable Pin-Type Tooling: A Survey of Prior Art and Reduction to Practice , Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 129(3), pp. 551-565

100%; open Sascha, H. and Ulrich, K. (2015) Find in CUMINCAD Evaluation of free-form concrete architecture, moulding systems & their technical potentials , Journal of Facade Design & Engineering, 3, p. 273-288

100%; open Schipper, H., Grnewalda, S., Eigenraama, P. and Raghunathb, P. (2014) Find in CUMINCAD Optimization of the Flexible Mould Process for the Production of Double-Curved Concrete Elements , 1st Concrete Innovation Conference (CIC), Oslo, Norway

100%; open Zarrinmehr, S., Akleman, E., Ettehad, E., Kalantar, N., Borhani, A. and Sueda, S. (2017) Find in CUMINCAD Kerfing with Generalized 2D Meander-Patterns,Conversion of Planar Rigid Panels into Locally-Flexible Panels with Stiffness Control , CAADFutures 2017, Istanbul

100%; open Zarrinmehr, S., Akleman, E., Ettehad, E., Kalantar, N., Borhani, A. and Sueda, S. (2017) Find in CUMINCAD Interlocked Archimedean Spirals for Conversion of Planar Rigid Panels into Locally Flexible Panels with Stiffness Control , Computers & Graphics, 65, pp. 93-103

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