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id caadria2020_402
authors Ezzat, Mohammed
year 2020
title A Framework for a Comprehensive Conceptualization of Urban Constructs - SpatialNet and SpatialFeaturesNet for computer-aided creative urban design
source D. Holzer, W. Nakapan, A. Globa, I. Koh (eds.), RE: Anthropocene, Design in the Age of Humans - Proceedings of the 25th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 5-6 August 2020, pp. 111-120
summary Analogy is thought to be foundational for designing and for design creativity. Nonetheless, practicing analogical reasoning needs a knowledge-base. The paper proposes a framework for constructing a knowledge-base of urban constructs that builds on an ontology of urbanism. The framework is composed of two modules that are responsible for representing either the concepts or the features of any urban constructs' materialization. The concepts are represented as a knowledge graph (KG) named SpatialNet, while the physical features are represented by a deep neural network (DNN) called SpatialFeaturesNet. For structuring SpatialNet, as a KG that comprehensively conceptualizes spatial qualities, deep learning applied to natural language processing (NLP) is employed. The comprehensive concepts of SpatialNet are firstly discovered using semantic analyses of nine English lingual corpora and then structured using the urban ontology. The goal of the framework is to map the spatial features to the plethora of their matching concepts. The granularity ànd the coherence of the proposed framework is expected to sustain or substitute other known analogical, knowledge-based, inspirational design approaches such as case-based reasoning (CBR) and its analogical application on architectural design (CBD).
keywords Domain-specific knowledge graph of urban qualities; Deep neural network for structuring KG; Natural language processing and comprehensive understanding of urban constructs; Urban cognition and design creativity; Case-based reasoning (CBR) and case-based design (CBD)
series CAADRIA
email mohammed.ezzat@guc.edu.eg
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