CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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id caadria2020_403
authors Ghandi, Mona
year 2020
title Reducing Energy Consumption through Cyber-Physical Adaptive Spaces and Occupants' Biosignals
source D. Holzer, W. Nakapan, A. Globa, I. Koh (eds.), RE: Anthropocene, Design in the Age of Humans - Proceedings of the 25th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 5-6 August 2020, pp. 121-130
summary The field of architecture has long embraced adaptive approaches to address issues of sustainability and efficiency. Building energy consumption accounts for about 40% of the total energy consumption in the U.S. This energy is mainly used for lighting, heating, cooling, and ventilation. Researches show that 30% of that energy is wasted. One of the main reasons for such high energy waste in the commercial (and even private) sectors is a generic assumption about the occupants' preferences. To fill this gap, the objective of this project is to optimize building energy retrofits by creating smart environments that autonomously respond to the occupants' comfort level using affective computing and adaptive systems. This adaptive approach will help optimizing energy consumption without sacrificing occupants' comfort through passive cooling and heating strategy, responding to occupants' preferences detected from their biological and neurological data. Progress towards achieving this goal will make building energy costs more affordable to the benefit of families and businesses and reduce energy waste.
keywords Human-Computer Interaction; Optimizing Energy Consumption; Sustainability + High Performance Built Environment; Adaptive and Interactive Architecture; Cyber-Physical Spaces, Affective Computing, Occupants’ Comfort and Well-Being
series CAADRIA
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