CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id ce2c
authors McCall, Raymond and Johnson, Erik
year 1996
title Argumentative Agents as Catalysts of Collaboration in Design
source Design Computation: Collaboration, Reasoning, Pedagogy [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-05-5] Tucson (Arizona / USA) October 31 - November 2, 1996, pp. 155-163
summary Since the 1970s we have created hypertext systems supporting Rittel's argumentative approach to design. Our efforts aim at improving design by encouraging argumentative—i.e., reasoned—discourse during projects. Despite the intrinsically group-oriented character of the argumentative approach, all of our past prototypes were single-user systems. The project reported on here is the first in which we aim at supporting argumentation in group projects. To do this, we augmented our PHIDIAS hyperCAD system to shows how argumentative agents can initiate and sustain productive collaboration in design. These agents catalyze collaboration among designers working at different times and/or places by 1) detecting overlaps in the concerns of different participants in a design process, including conflict and support relationships, 2) notifying these people of these overlapping concerns, and 3) enabling asynchronous communication among these people to deal collaboratively with the overlaps. We call these agents argumentative because they represent different personal and professional viewpoints in design and because they promote argumentative discourse among designers about various issues. In addition to identifying and dealing with crucial problems of coordination and collaboration, argumentative agents enable the capture of important design rationale in the form of communication among project participants about these crucial problems.
series ACADIA
email mccall@spot.colorado.edu
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100%; open Backus, J. (1977) Find in CUMINCAD Can Programming Be Liberated from the von Neumann Bottleneck: a Functional Style and Its Algebra of Programs , Communications of the ACM, Vol. 2, August, 1978, pp. 613-641
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100%; open McCall, R., Bennett, P., Shipman, F. and Wallace, N. (1990) Find in CUMINCAD Integrating CAD with Dynamic Hypermedia , Proceedings of 1990 European Conference on Hypermedia (ECHT'90), INRIA, Paris, 1990, pp. 252-261
100%; open McCall, R., Fischer, G. and Morch, A. (1990) Find in CUMINCAD Supporting Reflection-in-Action in the Janus Design Environment , The Electronic Design Studio, W. Mitchell, M. McCullough, and P.Purcell (eds.), MIT Press, 1990, pp. 247259
100%; open McCall, R., Mistrik, I. and Schuler, W. (1981) Find in CUMINCAD An Integrated Information and Communication System for Problem Solving: Basic Concepts , Data for Science and Technology.- Proceedings of the Seventh International CODATA Conference, Pergamon, 1981, pp. 107-115
100%; open McCall, R. (1979) Find in CUMINCAD On the Structure and Use oflssue Systems in Design , Doctoral dissertation, University of Califomia, Berkeley (1978), University Microfilms, Ann Arbor
100%; open McCall, R. (1989) Find in CUMINCAD MIKROPLIS: a Hypertext System for Design , Design Studies, Vol. 10, No. 4, Butterworth Scientific Ltd., Surrey, UK, 1989, pp. 228-238
100%; open Rittel, H. (1972) Find in CUMINCAD On the Planning Crisis: Systems Analysis of the First and Second Generations , Bedriftsokonomen, No. 8, 1972, pp. 390-396

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