CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id cf2003_m_016
authors CHEN, Hong-Sheng and LIN, Feng-Tyan
year 2003
title A Simulation Study on Public Building's Staircase Fault Tolerance
source Digital Design - Research and Practice [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-1210-1] Tainan (Taiwan) 1315 October 2003, pp. 393-402
summary This paper applies the concept of fault tolerance to staircase layout plan. Fire or smoke may cause some staircases in a building inaccessible. We argue that architects should assess the result from the possible fault of vertical routes. The capability of tolerating staircase faults depends on space usage, arrangement, and pedestrian attributes. In this study, a mathematical model is constructed. For analysing pedestrian's movement in interior space, we employ Monte Carol simulation and Agent-Based Modelling method in a CAAD environment. It helps us to visualise the dynamic process of agent's evacuation process, and to test the problem of possible staircase faults. Finally, a case study brings some important discoveries.
keywords agents, fault tolerance, simulation
series CAAD Futures
full text file.pdf (224,617 bytes)
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100%; open Anderson, T. and Lee, P.A. (1981) Find in CUMINCAD Fault Tolerance, Principles and Practice , Englewood Cliffs: Prentice/ Hall International
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100%; open Jonker, C.M. and Treur, J. (2001) Find in CUMINCAD Agent-based Simulation of Animal Behaviour , AppliedIntelligence, vol. 15, No.2, 83-115
100%; open Karyagina, M.N. (1997) Find in CUMINCAD Designing for Fault-tolerance in the Commercial Environment , Microelectronics and Reliability, vol. 37, Issue: 4, 693
100%; open Liggett, R.S. (2000) Find in CUMINCAD Automated Facilities Layout: Past, Present and Future , Automation and Construction, vol. 9, 197-215
100%; open Templer, J. (1992) Find in CUMINCAD The Staircase: Studies of Hazards, Falls, and Safer Design , Cambridge: MIT Press

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