CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id ddssar0031
authors Witt, Tom
year 2000
title Indecision in quest of design
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fifth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings (Nijkerk, the Netherlands)
summary Designers all start with a solution (Darke, 1984), with what is known (Rittel, 1969, 1970). Hans Menghol, Svein Gusrud and Peter Opvik did so with the chair in the 1970s. Not content with the knowledge of the chair, however, they walked backward to the ignorance of the question that has always elicited the solution of chair and asked themselves the improbable question, “What is a chair?” Their answer was the Balans chair. “Until the introduction of the Norwegian Balans (balance) chair, the multi-billion dollar international chair industry had been surprisingly homogeneous. This chair is the most radical of the twentieth century and probably since the invention of the chair-throne itself (Cranz 1998). Design theorists have tried to understand in a measurable way what is not measurable: the way that designers think. Rather than attempt to analyze something that cannot be taken apart, I attempt to illuminate methods for generating new knowledge through ways of seeing connections that are not logical, and in fact are sometimes ironic. Among the possibilities discussed in this dialogue are the methodological power of language in the form of metaphor, the power of the imagination in mind experiments, the power of mythological story telling, and the power of immeasurable intangibles in the generation of the new knowledge needed to design.
series DDSS
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100%; open Bormann, Ernest (1985) Find in CUMINCAD Symbolic Convergence Theory: A Communication Formulation , Journal of Communication. 35.4, 128-138
100%; open Cranz, Galen (1998) Find in CUMINCAD The Chair , New York: W.W. Norton
100%; open Eliot, T.S. (1971) Find in CUMINCAD Four Quartets , New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
100%; open Feyerabend, Paul (1975) Find in CUMINCAD Against Method , Norfolk, UK: Thetford Press Limited
100%; open Fisher, Walter R. (1987) Find in CUMINCAD Human Communication as Narration: Toward a Philosophy of Reason, Value and Action , Columbia: University of South Carolina
100%; open Freud, Sigmund (1922) Find in CUMINCAD Beyond the Pleasure Principle , London: International Psychoanalytic Press
100%; open Kliebard, H. (1982) Find in CUMINCAD Curriculum Theory as Metaphor , Theory into Practice, 11-17
100%; open Lawson, Bryan (1987) Find in CUMINCAD How Designer’s Think: The Design Process Demystified , Boston: Architectural Press
100%; open Lera, Sebastian (1982) Find in CUMINCAD Empirical and Theoretical Studies in Design Judgment: A Review , DMG/DRS Journal. Vol. 22, No.1. 1982:19-26
100%; open Lewin, Kurt (1938) Find in CUMINCAD The Conceptual Representation and the Measurement of Psychological Forces , New York: Duke University Press
100%; open Pesman, D. (1991) Find in CUMINCAD Reasonable and Unreasonable Worlds: Some Expectations of Coherence in Culture Implied by the Prohibition of Mixed Metaphor , J.W. Fernandez (ed.), Beyond Metaphor: Theory of Tropes in Anthropology, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 213-243
100%; open Popper, Karl (1964) Find in CUMINCAD The Poverty of Historicism , New York: Harper Torch Books
100%; open Rittel, Horst and Melvin Webber (1969) Find in CUMINCAD Dilemmas in the General Theory of Planning , DMG/DRS Journal, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1969: 218-232
100%; open Rittel, Horst (1970) Find in CUMINCAD Some Principles for the Design of an Educational System for Design , DMG Newsletter. Vol. 4, No.12,1970: 3-18
100%; open Stilgoe, John R. (1998) Find in CUMINCAD Outside Lies Magic: Regaining History and Awareness in Everyday Places , New York: Walker and Company
100%; open Thomson, Ellen (1999) Find in CUMINCAD Thorstein Veblen at the University of Chicago and the Socialization of Aesthetics , Design Issues, 15.1, 1999: 3-15
100%; open Turbayne, C. M. (1970) Find in CUMINCAD The Myth of Metaphor , Columbia, SC: U of South Carolina Press
100%; open Vernon, Mitzi, and Tom Witt (1990) Find in CUMINCAD Designed Evaluation: The Studio Education , Annual Proceedings. Los Angeles: Industrial Designers Society of America Conference
100%; open Vernon, Mitzi (1998) Find in CUMINCAD The Heart in the Question , IDSA Annual Proceedings. CD-ROM. San Diego: Industrial Designers Society of America Conference

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