CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

authors McLaughlin, Sally
year 1991
title Reading Architectural Plans: A Computable Model
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures: Education, Research, Applications [CAAD Futures ‘91 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 3-528-08821-4] Zürich (Switzerland), July 1991, pp. 347-364
summary A fundamental aspect of the expertise of the architectural designer is the ability to assess the quality of existing and developing proposals from schematic representations such as plans, elevations and sections. In this paper I present a computable model of those aspects of the evaluation of architectural floor plans that I believe to be amenable to rule-like formulation. The objective behind the development of this model is twofold: 1) to articulate a belief about the role of simple symbolic representations in the task of evaluation, a task which relies primarily on uniquely human capabilities; and 2) to explore the possible uses of such representations in the development of design expertise. // Input to the model consists of a specification of a design proposal in terms of walls, doors, windows, openings and spaces together with a specification of the context in which the proposal has been developed. Information about context is used to retrieve the goal packages relevant to the evaluation of the proposal. The goal packages encode information about requirements such as circulation, visual privacy and thermal performance. Generic associations between aspects of a plan and individual goals are used to establish if and how each of the goals have been achieved in the given proposal. These associations formalize relationships between aspects of the topology of the artefact, such as the existence of a door between two rooms, and a goal, in this case the goal of achieving circulation between those two rooms. Output from the model consists of both a graphic representation of the way in which goals are achieved and a list of those goals that have not been achieved. The list of goals not achieved provides a means of accessing appropriate design recommendations. What the model provides is essentially a computational tool for exploring the value judgements made in a particular proposal given a set of predefined requirements such as those to be found in design recommendation literature.
series CAAD Futures
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100%; open Darke, J. (1979) Find in CUMINCAD The primary generator and the design process , Design Studies 1 no. 1: 36-44
100%; open Forbus, K.D. (1984) Find in CUMINCAD Qualitative process theory , Artificial Intelligence 24: 85-168
100%; open Foz, A. (1973) Find in CUMINCAD Observations on designer behavior in the parti , Design Research and Methods 7 no. 4: 320-323
100%; open Hillier, W., Musgrove, J. and O´Sullivan, P. (1972) Find in CUMINCAD Knowledge and desip , MitchelL WJ. (ed.). Environmental Design: Research and Practice. University of Califomia
100%; open Zeisel, J. and Welch, P. (1981) Find in CUMINCAD Housing Designed for Families: A Summary of Research , Cambridge, MA: Building Diagnostics NSB 21 (1971). House design for temperate climates. Australian Government Publishing Service

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