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id ecaade2009_keynote1
authors Stiny, George
year 2009
title When is Generative Design Design?
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009
summary The question in my title is neatly put in a counterfactual: HOW WOULD CALCULATING BE DIFFERENT IF TURING WERE AN ARTIST OR DESIGNER AND NOT A LOGICIAN? A generative process in design or wherever calculating is tried uses recursive rules. But RECURSION alone isnʼt design. EMBEDDING is needed, as well. This entails a switch from blindly following rules to seeing what happens. Then calculating in Turingʼs way by counting is a special case of calculating in an artistʼs or designerʼs way by seeing. And creativity as recursion in logic, linguistics, and computer science extends to art and design. Generative design is design if thereʼs embedding, that is to say, anytime thereʼs seeing. Usually, seeing is outside a generative process, when it stops and you look at the results. What recursive rules imply may not be what you see. But embedding works with recursion, so that rules let you see as you go on inside a generative process. Seeing starts anew without stopping every time a rule is tried. Recursion and embedding together make generative design design. This is summarized in a formula: GENERATIVE DESIGN + EMBEDDING = DESIGN // The equivalence is a useful heuristic for new research in calculating, and for art and design.
series eCAADe
type keynote paper
references Content-type: text/plain
last changed 2009/09/28 06:11
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