CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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id ecaade2012_267
authors Caldas, Luísa G. ; Santos, Luís
year 2012
title Generation of Energy-Efficient Patio Houses with GENE_ARCH: Combining an Evolutionary Generative Design System with a Shape Grammar
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 459-470
wos WOS:000330322400047
summary GENE_ARCH is a Generative Design System that combines Pareto Genetic Algorithms with an advanced building energy simulation engine. This work explores its integration with a Shape Grammar, acting as GENE_ARCH’s shape generation module. The urban patio house typology is readdressed in a contemporary context, both by improving its energy-effi ciency standards, and by rethinking its role in the genesis of high-density urban areas, while respecting its specifi c spatial organization and cultural grounding. Field work was carried out in Marrakesh, surveying a number of patio houses which became the Corpus of Design, from where a Shape Grammar was extracted. The computational implementation of the patio house grammar was done within GENE_ARCH. The resulting program was able to generate new, alternative patio houses designs that were more energy effi cient, while respecting the traditional rules captured from the analysis of existing houses. After the computational system was fully implemented, it was possible to complete different sets of experiments. The first experiments kept more restrained rules, thus generating new designs that closer resembled the existing ones. The progressive relaxation of rules and constraints allowed for a larger number of variations to emerge. Analysis of energy results provide insight into the main patterns resulting from the evolutionary search processes, namely in terms of form factors of generated solutions, and urban densities achieved.
keywords Generative Design Systems; Genetic Algorithms; Shape Grammars; Patio Houses; Energy Efficiency
series eCAADe
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100%; open Bouchlaghen, N (2000) Find in CUMINCAD Optimizing the design of building envelopes for thermal performance , Automation in Construction, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 101– 112

100%; open Caldas, LG (2002) Find in CUMINCAD Evolving three-dimensional architecture form: an application to low-energy design , J. Gero (eds), Artificial Intelligence in Design, Kluwer Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 351–370

100%; open Caldas, LG (2008) Find in CUMINCAD Generation of Energy-Efficient Architecture Solutions Applying GENE_ARCH: A Evolution-Based Generative Design System , Advanced Engineering Informatics, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 59-70

100%; open Couchoulas, O (2003) Find in CUMINCAD Shape evolution: an algorithmic method for conceptual architectural design combining shape grammars and genetic algorithms , Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Bath, UK

100%; open Duarte, JP, Rocha, J and Ducla-Soares, G (2006) Find in CUMINCAD A Grammar for the Patio Houses of the Medina of Marrakech - Towards a Tool for Housing Design in Islamic Contexts , Proceedings of eCAADe’06, Volos, Greece, pp. 860-866

100%; open Duarte, JP, Rocha, J, Ducla-Soares, G and Caldas, LG (2006) Find in CUMINCAD An urban grammar for the Medina of Marrakech , Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, pp. 483–502

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100%; open Stiny, G and Gips J (1972) Find in CUMINCAD Shape Grammars and the Generative Specification of Painting and Sculpture , Information Processing 71, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 1460-1465

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