CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id ecaade2014_147
authors James Charlton and Markus Brune
year 2014
title Towards a dynamic evacuation system: developing methodologies to simulate the evacuation capabilities of subway stations in response to a terrorist attack with CBRNE weapons
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 109-118
wos WOS:000361384700010
summary Events in recent times have highlighted the vulnerability of underground public transportation to possible terrorist attacks. A key question therefore is how an evacuation can be accomplished from underground stations safely. The strategy “go up and take the nearest exit to the surface” might not be the best response. Evidence from the Daegu subway station fire in 2003, investigated by Tsujimoto (2003) and Jeon and Hong (2009) establish that smoke or toxic airborne substances from a terrorist attack tend to use the same direct routes used by the fleeing passengers and as result significant injuries or fatalities can occur. This study proposes the concept of a dynamic evacuation system which would guide subway users along safe routes. To test how this system may operate, the study discussed combines measurements from tracer gas experiments with climate measurements to establish how toxic agents spread in subway stations under certain conditions and combines these results with those from pedestrian simulations applied to calculate evacuation times for possible escape routes. By integrating the resulting dataset from these methods, an evidence base of how a dynamic evacuation system may work can start to form.
keywords Pedestrian simulation, subway climatology; cbrne; subway evacuation; tracer gas experiments
series eCAADe
email j.charlton@northumbria.ac.uk
full text file.pdf (393,806 bytes)
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100%; open Brune, M, Pflitsch, A, Agnew, B and Speigel, J (2012) Find in CUMINCAD Dynamics of natural air flow inside subway tunnels , Proceedings from the fifth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, New York, pp. 329 - 337
100%; open Jeon, G and Hong, W (2009) Find in CUMINCAD Characteristic Features of the Behavior and Perception of Evacuees from the Daegu Subway Fire and Safety Measures in an Underground Fire , Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 8, pp. 415 - 422
100%; open Pflitsch, A and Kusel, H (2003) Find in CUMINCAD Subway-Climatology - New Research Field for the Management of Possible Catastrophes in Subway Systems , Pyka, J. L., Dubicka, M, Szczepankiewicz-Szmyrka, A and Sobik, M (eds), Man and Climate in the 20th Century
100%; open Pflitsch, A, Brune, M, Ringeis, J and Killing-Heinze, M (2010) Find in CUMINCAD ORGAMIR: Development of a safety system for reaction of an event with emission of hazardous airborne substances - like a terror attack or fire - based on subway climatology , Proceedings from the fourth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Frankfurt au Main
100%; open Sanchez, J. G., Coke, L, Wasmar, F and Policastro, A. J. (2000) Find in CUMINCAD Comparison of Strategies in Managing C/B Releases in the Subway Environment , Proceedings of Tunnel Management: 3rd International Conference, Sydney
100%; open Tsujimoto, M (2003) Find in CUMINCAD Issues raised by the recent subway fire in South Korea , ICUS INCEDE newsletter: International Center for Urban Safety Engineering, Tokyo

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