CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

id ecaade2017_152
authors Sousa, Sofia, Caetano, In?s and Leit?o, António
year 2017
title Saving Lives with Generative Design and Agent-based Modeling
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 147-156
summary The increasing number of crowd disasters has awakened the need to evaluate the evacuation performance of buildings. However, the information available in building design guidance documents is insufficient to efficiently address safety requirements and official metrics do not take into consideration crucial factors for the success of emergency evacuations, namely the people's dynamics. Although modeling human behavior is not trivial, the recent approach of Agent-Based modeling has been facilitating this task, thus being a suitable tool for evacuation simulations. Nevertheless, the potentialities of this approach are still quite unexplored. Although Agent-Based modeling is already being applied in security analysis tests, its use in combination with Generative Design (GD) is still very limited. In this work, we show how a combination of both approaches improves the safety of buildings.
keywords Simulation; Agent-based Modeling; Agent; Evacuation; Performance-Based Design
series eCAADe
email sofia.sousa@tecnico.ulisboa.pt
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