CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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id ecaade2020_007
authors Yu, De
year 2020
title Reprogramming Urban Block by Machine Creativity - How to use neural networks as generative tools to design space
source Werner, L and Koering, D (eds.), Anthropologic: Architecture and Fabrication in the cognitive age - Proceedings of the 38th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, TU Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 16-18 September 2020, pp. 249-258
summary The democratization of design requires balancing all sorts of factors in space design. However, the traditional way to organize spatial relationships cannot deal with such complex design objectives. Can one find another form of creativity rather the human brain to design space? As Margaret Boden mentioned, "computers and creativity make interesting partners with respect to two different projects." This paper addresses whether machine creativity in the form of neural networks could be considered as a powerful generative tool to reprogram urban block in order to meet multi-users' needs. It tested this theory in a specific block model called Agri-tecture, a new architectural form combing farming with the urban built environment. Specifically, the machine empowered by Generative Adversarial Network designed spatial layouts based on learning the existing cases. Nevertheless, since the machine can hardly avoid errors, architects need to intervene and verify the machine's work. Thus, a synergy between human creativity and machine creativity is called for.
keywords machine creativity; Generative Adversarial Network; spatial layout; creativity combination; Agri-tecture
series eCAADe
email ucbqdyu@ucl.ac.uk
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