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supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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id ecaade2020_106
authors Mesa, Olga, Mhatre, Saurabh and Bechthold, Martin
year 2020
title Woven Compliant Composites
source Werner, L and Koering, D (eds.), Anthropologic: Architecture and Fabrication in the cognitive age - Proceedings of the 38th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, TU Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 16-18 September 2020, pp. 79-88
summary Compliant composites are a new approach to composite systems that leverage the semi-rigid properties of composite woven fabrics to create kinetic compliant mechanisms. Simple fabrication and economic actuation principles are proposed to transform planar fabrics into three-dimensional configurations without using expensive molds, instead, relying on the millimeter-scale mechanical interactions of woven composite fabrics. The relation between fabric type, weave, matrix, laminations, and localized reinforcement was studied to achieve repeatable, durable, and functional components that displayed instant transformations. Woven compliant mechanisms were patterned to create adjustable surfaces actuated uniaxially and biaxially producing different degrees of porosity. The kinetic response is generated without the use of complicated mechanisms by relying on material properties and smart geometries. Our system expands work on kinetic surfaces with the advantage of the ease of actuation and fabrication. These surfaces can be used in architectural applications such as facades, shading mechanisms, and interior partitions where performative qualities are desirable.
keywords Compliant composites; Responsive systems; Material Intelligence; Smart geometries
series eCAADe
email omesa@rwu.edu
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