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id ijac201715102
authors Klemmt, Christoph and Klaus Bollinger
year 2017
title Angiogenesis as a model for the generation of load-bearing networks
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 14 - no. 1, 18-36
summary This research suggests an algorithm to generate structural networks based on discreet elements for given locations of support points and point loads. Previous research attempted to achieve this by using a computational growth simulation of venation systems, which form the structure of leaves. However, such networks always start from a single point and therefore cannot be used to form arches or beams. In order to generate networks that are based on two or three support points, an algorithm has been developed that is inspired instead by angiogenesis, the process by which vascular systems develop. The algorithm is based on a spring system with a variable network graph that connects the support points and is pulled upwards and split sideways into multiple veins by a given set of load points. The algorithm has been used to grow architectural structures. Different networks have been tested using finite element analysis and compared with both venation and column-and-beam structures. The angiogenesis networks as well as the venation network are shown to perform well and may be suitable as architectural structural systems.
keywords Architecture, angiogenesis, structure, network, growth
series journal
email christoph@orproject.com
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