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id ijac201816205
authors Faircloth,Billie; Ryan Welch, Martin Tamke, Paul Nicholas, Phil Ayres, Yulia Sinke, Brandon Cuffy and Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen
year 2018
title Multiscale modeling frameworks for architecture: Designing the unseen and invisible with phase change materials
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 16 - no. 2, 104-122
summary Multiscale design and analysis models promise a robust, multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, but at present have limited application during the architectural design process. To explore the use of multiscale models in architecture, we develop a calibrated modeling and simulation platform for the design and analysis of a prototypical envelope made of phase change materials. The model is mechanistic in nature, incorporates material-scale and precinct scale-attributes, and supports the design of two- and three-dimensional phase change material geometries informed by heat transfer phenomena. Phase change material behavior, in solid and liquid states, dominates the visual and numerical evaluation of the multiscale model. Model calibration is demonstrated using real-time data gathered from the prototype. Model extensibility is demonstrated when it is used by designers to predict the behavior of alternate envelope options. Given the challenges of modeling phase change material behavior in this multiscale model, an additional multiple linear regression model is applied to data collected from the physical prototype in order to demonstrate an alternate method for predicting the melting and solidification of phase change materials.
keywords Multiscale modeling, mechanistic modeling, heat transfer modeling, phase change materials, model validation
series journal
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