CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
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authors Carrara, G., Fioravanti, A. and Novembri, G.
year 2000
title A framework for an Architectural Collaborative Design
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 57-60
summary The building industry involves a larger number of disciplines, operators and professionals than other industrial processes. Its peculiarity is that the products (building objects) have a number of parts (building elements) that does not differ much from the number of classes into which building objects can be conceptually subdivided. Another important characteristic is that the building industry produces unique products (de Vries and van Zutphen, 1992). This is not an isolated situation but indeed one that is spreading also in other industrial fields. For example, production niches have proved successful in the automotive and computer industries (Carrara, Fioravanti, & Novembri, 1989). Building design is a complex multi-disciplinary process, which demands a high degree of co-ordination and co-operation among separate teams, each having its own specific knowledge and its own set of specific design tools. Establishing an environment for design tool integration is a prerequisite for network-based distributed work. It was attempted to solve the problem of efficient, user-friendly, and fast information exchange among operators by treating it simply as an exchange of data. But the failure of IGES, CGM, PHIGS confirms that data have different meanings and importance in different contexts. The STandard for Exchange of Product data, ISO 10303 Part 106 BCCM, relating to AEC field (Wix, 1997), seems to be too complex to be applied to professional studios. Moreover its structure is too deep and the conceptual classifications based on it do not allow multi-inheritance (Ekholm, 1996). From now on we shall adopt the BCCM semantic that defines the actor as "a functional participant in building construction"; and we shall define designer as "every member of the class formed by designers" (architects, engineers, town-planners, construction managers, etc.).
keywords Architectural Design Process, Collaborative Design, Knowledge Engineering, Dynamic Object Oriented Programming
series eCAADe
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100%; open Carrara, G and Kalay, Y.E. (Eds.) (1994) Find in CUMINCAD Knowledge-Based Computer-Aided Architectural Design , Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, NL.

100%; open Carrara, G., Confessore G., Fioravanti, A. and Novembri, G. (1995) Find in CUMINCAD Multimedia and Knowledge-based Computer-aided Architectural Design , Proceedings of the 13 th eCAADe Conference, Palermo, Italy

100%; open Carrara, G., Fioravanti, G. and Novembri, G. (1989) Find in CUMINCAD Towards a New Generation of Computer Assistant for Architectural Design: an existing scenario , Proceedings of eCAADe Conference

100%; open De Vries, M. and Van Zutphen, R. (1992) Find in CUMINCAD The development of an architects oriented product model , Automation in construction, 1, 143-151

100%; open Ekholm, A. (1996) Find in CUMINCAD A Conceptual Framework for Classification of Construction Works , ITcon 1

100%; open Wix, J. (1997) Find in CUMINCAD ISO 10303 Part 106 , BCCM Building Construction Core Model /T200 draft

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