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id caadria2020_258
authors Beatricia, Beatricia, Indraprastha, Aswin and Koerniawan, M. Donny
year 2020
title Revisiting Packing Algorithm - A Strategy for Optimum Net-to Gross Office Design
source D. Holzer, W. Nakapan, A. Globa, I. Koh (eds.), RE: Anthropocene, Design in the Age of Humans - Proceedings of the 25th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, 5-6 August 2020, pp. 405-414
summary Net-to-gross efficiency is defined as the ratio of net area to a gross area of a building. Net-to-gross efficiency will determine the quantity of leasable building area. On the other side, the effectiveness of the spatial distribution of a floor plan design must follow the value of net-to-gross efficiency. Therefore in the context of office design, there are two challenges need to be improved: 1) to get an optimum value of efficiency, architects need to assign the amount and size of the office units which can be effectively arranged, and 2) to fulfill high net-to-gross efficiency value that usually set out at minimal 85%. This paper aims to apply the packing algorithm as a strategy to achieve optimum net-to-gross efficiency and generating spatial configuration of office units that fit with the result. Our study experimented with series of models and simulations consisting of three stages that start from finding net-to-gross efficiency, defining office unit profiles based on preferable office space units, and applying the packing algorithm to get an optimum office net-to-gross efficiency. Computational processes using physics engine and optimization solvers have been utilized to generate design layouts that have minimal spatial residues, hence increasing the net-to-gross ratio.
keywords net-to-gross efficiency; packing algorithm; modular office area; area optimization;
series CAADRIA
email aswin@itb.ac.id
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