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id cf2019_023
authors Papanikolaou, Dimitris
year 2019
title Computing and Visualizing Taxi Cab Dynamics as Proxies for Autonomous Mobility on Demand Systems. The Case of the Chicago Taxi Cab System
source Ji-Hyun Lee (Eds.) "Hello, Culture!"  [18th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2019, Proceedings / ISBN 978-89-89453-05-5] Daejeon, Korea, p. 171
summary Despite the expansion of shared mobility-on-demand (MoD) systems as sustainable modes of urban transport, a growing debate among planners and urban scientists regarding what constitutes cost and how to compute it, divides opinions on the benefits that autonomous MoD systems may bring. We present a comprehensive definition of cost of traveling by MoD systems as the cost of the vehicle hours (VH), the vehicle-hours-traveled (VHT), the vehicle-hours-dispatched (VHD), and the vehicle-hours-parked (VHP) required to serve a pattern of trips. Next, we discuss an approach to estimate empty (dispatch) trips and idle periods from a user trip dataset. Finally, we model, compute, and visualize the relationship between the dynamics of VHP, VHT, and VHD using Chicago’s taxi cab system as a case. Our results show that the total fleet of taxis in Chicago can decrease by 51% if all trips, currently served by conventional taxis, were served by autonomous ones.
keywords Mobility on Demand Systems, Taxi Cab Systems, Data-Driven Dynamic Modeling, Autonomous Vehicles, System Dynamics
series CAAD Futures
email dpapanik@uncc.edu
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