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id ecaade2018_344
authors El-Gewely, Noor, Wong, Christopher, Tayefi, Lili, Markopoulou, Areti, Chronis, Angelos and Dubor, Alexandre
year 2018
title Programming Material Intelligence Using Food Waste Deposition to Trigger Automatic Three-Dimensional Formation Response in Bioplastics
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 271-278
summary Bioplastics are by their very nature parametric materials, programmable through the selection of constituent components and the ratios in which they appear, and as such present significant potential as architectural building materials for reasons beyond sustainability and biodegradability. This paper presents a system through which rigid three-dimensional doubly curved hyperbolic paraboloid shapes are automatically formed from two-dimensional sheet casts by harnessing the inherent flexibility and expressiveness of bioplastics. The system uses a gelatin-based bioplastic supplemented with granular organic matter from food waste in conjunction with a split-frame casting system that enables the self-formation of three-dimensional geometries by directing the force of the bioplastic's uniform contraction as it dries. By adjusting the food waste added to the bioplastic, its properties can be tuned according to formal and performative needs; here, dehydrated granulated orange peel and dehydrated spent espresso-ground coffee are used both to impart their inherent characteristics and also to influence the degree of curvature of the resulting bioplastic surfaces. Multi-material casts incorporating both orange peel bioplastic and coffee grounds bioplastic are shown to exert a greater influence over the degree of curvature than either bioplastic alone, and skeletonized panels are shown to exhibit the same behavior as their solid counterparts. Potential developments of the technology so as to gain greater control of the curvature performance, particularly in the direction of computer-controlled additive manufacturing, are considered, as is the potential of application in architectural scale.
keywords Bioplastics; Composites; Fabrication; Materials
series eCAADe
email angelos.chronis@iaac.net
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