CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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id ecaade2018_402
authors Ron, Gili, Shallaby, Sara and Antonako, Theofano
year 2018
title On-Site Fabrication and Assembly for Arid Region Settlements
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 801-810
summary With fast growing population rates and the further desertification of the global climate, desert regions, covering one fifth of the world's surface, provide an opportunity for future habitats. However, their extreme climatic conditions and remoteness pose a planning challenge, currently addressed with prefabrication and layered design; wasteful and costly solutions. This article proposes a bespoke design, fabrication and assembly process: performed in-situ with using local resources and novel automation. The research addresses challenges in on-site robotic forming and assembly of mono-material discrete elements, made in waterless concrete of sand-Sulphur composite. The formed components are examined in formwork-free assembly of wall and arch, with Pick & Place tool-path. The component's design incorporates topological and osteomorphic interlocking, facilitating structural integrity, as well as self-shading and passive cooling, to fit with local climate. This work culminates in a design proposal for constructing desert habitats, climatically adapted for Zagora oasis in the Moroccan Sahara: a remote site of hyper-arid climate.
keywords Material System; Vernacular Architecture; Digital Morphogenesis; Topological Interlocking; Robotic Fabrication; Robotic Assembly
series eCAADe
email giliron.space@gmail.com
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